Genesis 37:31
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Then they took Joseph’s robe and slaughtered a goat and dipped the robe in the blood.

King James Bible
And they took Joseph's coat, and killed a kid of the goats, and dipped the coat in the blood;

American Standard Version
And they took Joseph's coat, and killed a he-goat, and dipped the coat in the blood;

Douay-Rheims Bible
And they took his coat, and dipped it in the blood of a kid, which they had killed :

English Revised Version
And they took Joseph's coat, and killed a he-goat, and dipped the coat in the blood;

Webster's Bible Translation
And they took Joseph's coat, and killed a kid of the goats, and dipped the coat in the blood:

Genesis 37:31 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Reuben had saved Joseph's life indeed by his proposal; but his intention to send him back to his father was frustrated. For as soon as the brethren sat down to eat, after the deed was performed, they saw a company of Ishmaelites from Gilead coming along the road which leads from Beisan past Jenin (Rob. Pal. iii. 155) and through the plain of Dothan to the great caravan road that runs from Damascus by Lejun (Legio, Megiddo), Ramleh, and Gaza to Egypt (Rob. iii. 27, 178). The caravan drew near, laden with spices: viz., נכאת, gum-tragacanth; צרי, balsam, for which Gilead was celebrated (Genesis 43:11; Jeremiah 8:22; Jeremiah 46:11); and לט, ladanum, the fragrant resin of the cistus-rose. Judah seized the opportunity to propose to his brethren to sell Joseph to the Ishmaelites. "What profit have we," he said, "that we slay our brother and conceal his blood? Come, let us sell him to the Ishmaelites; and our hand, let it not lay hold of him (sc., to slay him), for he is our brother, our flesh." Reuben wished to deliver Joseph entirely from his brothers' malice. Judah also wished to save his life, though not from brotherly love so much as from the feeling of horror, which was not quite extinct within him, at incurring the guilt of fratricide; but he would still like to get rid of him, that his dreams might not come true. Judah, like his brethren, was probably afraid that their father might confer upon Joseph the rights of the first-born, and so make him lord over them. His proposal was a welcome one. When the Arabs passed by, the brethren fetched Joseph out of the pit and sold him to the Ishmaelites, who took him into Egypt. The different names given to the traders - viz., Ishmaelites (Genesis 37:25, Genesis 37:27, and Genesis 37:28), Midianites (Genesis 37:28), and Medanites (Genesis 37:36) - do not show that the account has been drawn from different legends, but that these tribes were often confounded, from the fact that they resembled one another so closely, not only in their common descent from Abraham (Genesis 16:15 and Genesis 25:2), but also in the similarity of their mode of life and their constant change of abode, that strangers could hardly distinguish them, especially when they appeared not as tribes but as Arabian merchants, such as they are here described as being: "Midianitish men, merchants." That descendants of Abraham should already be met with in this capacity is by no means strange, if we consider that 150 years had passed by since Ishmael's dismissal from his father's house, - a period amply sufficient for his descendants to have grown through marriage into a respectable tribe. The price, "twenty (sc., shekels) of silver," was the price which Moses afterwards fixed as the value of a boy between 5 and 20 (Leviticus 27:5), the average price of a slave being 30 shekels (Exodus 21:32). But the Ishmaelites naturally wanted to make money by the transaction.

Genesis 37:31 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Genesis 37:3,23 Now Israel loved Joseph more than all his children, because he was the son of his old age: and he made him a coat of many colors...

Proverbs 28:13 He that covers his sins shall not prosper: but whoever confesses and forsakes them shall have mercy.

Cross References
Genesis 37:3
Now Israel loved Joseph more than any other of his sons, because he was the son of his old age. And he made him a robe of many colors.

Genesis 37:23
So when Joseph came to his brothers, they stripped him of his robe, the robe of many colors that he wore.

Genesis 37:32
And they sent the robe of many colors and brought it to their father and said, "This we have found; please identify whether it is your son's robe or not."

Genesis 44:28
One left me, and I said, "Surely he has been torn to pieces," and I have never seen him since.

Genesis 45:26
And they told him, "Joseph is still alive, and he is ruler over all the land of Egypt." And his heart became numb, for he did not believe them.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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