Genesis 38:1
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
It happened at that time that Judah went down from his brothers and turned aside to a certain Adullamite, whose name was Hirah.

King James Bible
And it came to pass at that time, that Judah went down from his brethren, and turned in to a certain Adullamite, whose name was Hirah.

American Standard Version
And it came to pass at that time, that Judah went down from his brethren, and turned in to a certain Adullamite, whose name was Hirah.

Douay-Rheims Bible
At that time Juda went down from his brethren, and turned in to a certain Odollamite, named Hiras.

English Revised Version
And it came to pass at that time, that Judah went down from his brethren, and turned in to a certain Adullamite, whose name was Hirah.

Webster's Bible Translation
And it came to pass at that time, that Judah went down from his brethren, and turned in to a certain Adullamite, whose name was Hirah.

Genesis 38:1 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The business was settled in Reuben's absence; probably because his brethren suspected that he intended to rescue Joseph. When he came to the pit and found Joseph gone, he rent his clothes (a sign of intense grief on the part of the natural man) and exclaimed: "The boy is no more, and I, whither shall I go!" - how shall I account to his father for his disappearance! But the brothers were at no loss; they dipped Joseph's coat in the blood of a goat and sent it to his father, with the message, "We have found this; see whether it is thy son's coat or not." Jacob recognised the coat at once, and mourned bitterly in mourning clothes (שׂק) for his son, whom he supposed to have been devoured and destroyed by a wild beast (טרף טרף inf. abs. of Kal before Pual, as an indication of undoubted certainty), and refused all comfort from his children, saying, "No (כּי immo, elliptical: Do not attempt to comfort me, for) I will go down mourning into Sheol to my son." Sheol denotes the place where departed souls are gathered after death; it is an infinitive form from שׁאל to demand, the demanding, applied to the place which inexorably summons all men into its shade (cf. Proverbs 30:15-16; Isaiah 5:14; Habakkuk 2:5). How should his sons comfort him, when they were obliged to cover their wickedness with the sin of lying and hypocrisy, and when even Reuben, although at first beside himself at the failure of his plan, had not courage enough to disclose his brothers' crime?

Genesis 38:1 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

A.M.

2265. B.C.

1739.
it came. As there cannot be above

23 years from the selling of Joseph, unto Israel's going down into Egypt; and as it is impossible that Judah should take a wife, and by her have three sons successively, and Shelah, the youngest, marriageable when Judah begat Pharez of Tamar, and Pharez be grown up, married, and have two sons, all within so short a period; Mr. Ainsworth conceives that the time here spoken of is soon after Jacob's coming to Shechem, (ch.

33.) We have accordingly adapted the chronology to correspond with that time.

turned.

Genesis 19:2,3 And he said, Behold now, my lords, turn in, I pray you, into your servant's house, and tarry all night...

Judges 4:18 And Jael went out to meet Sisera, and said to him, Turn in, my lord, turn in to me; fear not...

2 Kings 4:8 And it fell on a day, that Elisha passed to Shunem, where was a great woman; and she constrained him to eat bread. And so it was...

Proverbs 9:6 Forsake the foolish, and live; and go in the way of understanding.

Proverbs 13:20 He that walks with wise men shall be wise: but a companion of fools shall be destroyed.

Adullamite. An inhabitant of Adullam, a city of Canaan, afterwards given to Judah, situated in the southern part of that tribe, west of Hebron.

Joshua 12:15 The king of Libnah, one; the king of Adullam, one;

Joshua 15:35 Jarmuth, and Adullam, Socoh, and Azekah,

1 Samuel 22:1 David therefore departed there, and escaped to the cave Adullam: and when his brothers and all his father's house heard it...

2 Samuel 23:13 And three of the thirty chief went down, and came to David in the harvest time to the cave of Adullam...

Micah 1:15 Yet will I bring an heir to you, O inhabitant of Mareshah: he shall come to Adullam the glory of Israel.

Cross References
Genesis 38:12
In the course of time the wife of Judah, Shua's daughter, died. When Judah was comforted, he went up to Timnah to his sheepshearers, he and his friend Hirah the Adullamite.

Genesis 38:20
When Judah sent the young goat by his friend the Adullamite to take back the pledge from the woman's hand, he did not find her.

Joshua 15:35
Jarmuth, Adullam, Socoh, Azekah,

1 Samuel 22:1
David departed from there and escaped to the cave of Adullam. And when his brothers and all his father's house heard it, they went down there to him.

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