Genesis 44:5
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Is it not from this that my lord drinks, and by this that he practices divination? You have done evil in doing this.’”

King James Bible
Is not this it in which my lord drinketh, and whereby indeed he divineth? ye have done evil in so doing.

American Standard Version
Is not this that in which my lord drinketh, and whereby he indeed divineth? ye have done evil in so doing.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The cup which you have stolen is that in which my lord drinketh, and in which he is wont to divine: you have done a very evil thing.

English Revised Version
Is not this it in which my lord drinketh, and whereby he indeed divineth? ye have done evil in so doing.

Webster's Bible Translation
Is not this the cup in which my lord drinketh, and by which indeed he divineth? ye have done evil in so doing.

Genesis 44:5 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The brothers sat in front of Joseph, "the first-born according to his birthright, and the smallest (youngest) according to his smallness (youth);" i.e., the places were arranged for them according to their ages, so that they looked at one another with astonishment, since this arrangement necessarily impressed them with the idea that this great man had been supernaturally enlightened as to their family affairs. To do them honour, they brought (ישּׂא, Ges. 137, 3) them dishes from Joseph, i.e., from his table; and to show especial honour to Benjamin, his portion was five times larger than that of any of the others (ידות lit., hands, grasps, as in Genesis 47:24; 2 Kings 11:7). The custom is met with elsewhere of showing respect to distinguished guests by giving them the largest and best pieces (1 Samuel 9:23-24; Homer, Il. 7, 321; 8, 162, etc.), by double portions (e.g., the kings among the Spartans, Herod. 6, 57), and even by fourfold portions in the case of the Archons among the Cretans (Heraclid. polit., 3). But among the Egyptians the number 5 appears to have been preferred to any other (cf. Genesis 41:34; Genesis 45:22; Genesis 47:2, Genesis 47:24; Isaiah 19:18). By this partiality Joseph intended, with a view to his further plans, to draw out his brethren to show their real feelings towards Benjamin, that he might see whether they would envy and hate him on account of this distinction, as they had formerly envied him his long coat with sleeves, and hated him because he was his father's favourite (Genesis 37:3-4). This honourable treatment and entertainment banished all their anxiety and fear. "They drank, and drank largely with him," i.e., they were perfectly satisfied with what they ate and drank; not, they were intoxicated (cf. Haggai 1:9).

Genesis 44:5 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

divineth. or, maketh trial.

Genesis 44:15 And Joseph said to them, What deed is this that you have done? know you not that such a man as I can certainly divine?

Genesis 30:27 And Laban said to him, I pray you, if I have found favor in your eyes, tarry...

Leviticus 19:26 You shall not eat any thing with the blood: neither shall you use enchantment, nor observe times.

1 Kings 20:33 Now the men did diligently observe whether any thing would come from him, and did hastily catch it: and they said, Your brother Benhadad...

2 Kings 21:6 And he made his son pass through the fire, and observed times, and used enchantments, and dealt with familiar spirits and wizards...

In the East, there was an ancient tradition, that there was a Cup which possessed the strange property of representing in it the whole world, and all the thing were then doing. The cup is called {Jami Jemsheed,} the cup of Jemsheed, a very ancient king of Persia; and they say that it was discovered, filled with the elixir of immortality, when digging to lay the foundations of Persepolis. The Persian poets are full of allusions to this cup, which they style {Jem jehan nima,} the cup shewing the universe; and to it they ascribe all the prosperity of their ancient monarchs. Many of the Mahometan princes and governors affect still to have information by means of a cup. Now, though it cannot be admitted that Joseph practised divination, yet, according to the superstition of those times, supernatural influence might be attributed to HIS CUP.

Cross References
Genesis 30:27
But Laban said to him, "If I have found favor in your sight, I have learned by divination that the LORD has blessed me because of you.

Genesis 44:6
When he overtook them, he spoke to them these words.

Genesis 44:15
Joseph said to them, "What deed is this that you have done? Do you not know that a man like me can indeed practice divination?"

Leviticus 19:26
"You shall not eat any flesh with the blood in it. You shall not interpret omens or tell fortunes.

Deuteronomy 18:10
There shall not be found among you anyone who burns his son or his daughter as an offering, anyone who practices divination or tells fortunes or interprets omens, or a sorcerer

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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