Hebrews 11:31
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
By faith Rahab the prostitute did not perish with those who were disobedient, because she had given a friendly welcome to the spies.

King James Bible
By faith the harlot Rahab perished not with them that believed not, when she had received the spies with peace.

American Standard Version
By faith Rahab the harlot perished not with them that were disobedient, having received the spies with peace.

Douay-Rheims Bible
By faith Rahab the harlot perished not with the unbelievers, receiving the spies with peace.

English Revised Version
By faith Rahab the harlot perished not with them that were disobedient, having received the spies with peace.

Webster's Bible Translation
By faith the harlot Rahab perished not with them that believed not, as she had received the spies with peace.

Weymouth New Testament
Through faith the notorious sinner Rahab did not perish along with the disobedient, for she had welcomed the spies and had sheltered them.

Hebrews 11:31 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

The harlot Rahab (Ῥαὰβ ἡ πόρνη)

See Joshua 2; Joshua 6:17, and comp. James 2:25. Rahab's occupation is stated without mincing, and the lodging of the spies at her house was probably not a matter of accident. Very amusing are the efforts of some earlier expositors to evade the fact of a harlot's faith, by rendering πόρνη landlady.

Perished not with (οὐ συναπώλετο)

N.T.o. In lxx see Numbers 16:26; Psalm 25:9; Psalm 27:3.

Them that believed not (τοῖς ἀπειθήσασιν)

Rend. "them that were disobedient." Simple disbelief is expressed by ἀπιστεῖν, ἀπιστία: disbelief as it manifests itself in disobedience, by ἀπειθεῖν. Ἁπειθεῖν is ἀπιστεῖν on its active side. See on John 3:36, and comp. Hebrews 3:18; Hebrews 4:6, Hebrews 4:11; Romans 11:30, Romans 11:32, contrasting with Romans 11:20, Romans 11:23. Ἁπειθεῖν here describes the failure to be persuaded that God had given the land to the Israelites, and the consequent refusal to surrender Jericho. Rahab's faith is shown Joshua 2:9-11.

When she had received the spies (δεξαμένη τοὺς κατασκόπους)

Rend. "having received." For this sense of friendly reception as a guest see Luke 10:8, Luke 10:10. Κατάσκοπος a spy, N.T.o. lxx, Genesis 42:9, Genesis 42:11, Genesis 42:14; 1 Samuel 26:4.

With peace (μετ' εἰρήνηνς)

The phrase only here and Acts 15:33. Quite often in lxx, as Genesis 15:15; Genesis 26:29; Exodus 18:23; Deuteronomy 20:20; Judges 8:9. In N.T. ἐν εἰρήνῃ in peace (Acts 16:36; James 2:16): εἰς εἰρήνην into peace (Mark 5:34; Luke 7:50; Luke 8:48); both these very often in lxx. Rahab received the spies without enmity, and did not allow them to suffer harm from others. An interesting parallel is furnished by Dante, Purg. ii. 99, in the case of the pilot-angel who conveys souls to the shore of Purgatory.

"He, sooth to say, for three months past has taken

Whoever wished to enter, with all peace" (without interposing any obstacle.)

Hebrews 11:31 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the harlot.

Joshua 2:1-22 And Joshua the son of Nun sent out of Shittim two men to spy secretly, saying, Go view the land, even Jericho. And they went...

Joshua 6:22-25 But Joshua had said to the two men that had spied out the country, Go into the harlot's house, and bring out there the woman...

Matthew 1:1,5 The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham...

James 2:25 Likewise also was not Rahab the harlot justified by works, when she had received the messengers, and had sent them out another way?

believed not. or, were disobedient.

Hebrews 3:18 And to whom swore he that they should not enter into his rest, but to them that believed not?

1 Peter 2:8 And a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offense, even to them which stumble at the word, being disobedient...

1 Peter 3:20 Which sometime were disobedient, when once the long-suffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing...

she had.

Joshua 1:1 Now after the death of Moses the servant of the LORD it came to pass, that the LORD spoke to Joshua the son of Nun, Moses' minister...

Joshua 2:4 And the woman took the two men, and hid them, and said thus, There came men to me, but I knew not from where they were:

*etc:

Cross References
Joshua 2:1
And Joshua the son of Nun sent two men secretly from Shittim as spies, saying, "Go, view the land, especially Jericho." And they went and came into the house of a prostitute whose name was Rahab and lodged there.

Joshua 2:9
and said to the men, "I know that the LORD has given you the land, and that the fear of you has fallen upon us, and that all the inhabitants of the land melt away before you.

Joshua 6:23
So the young men who had been spies went in and brought out Rahab and her father and mother and brothers and all who belonged to her. And they brought all her relatives and put them outside the camp of Israel.

Joshua 6:25
But Rahab the prostitute and her father's household and all who belonged to her, Joshua saved alive. And she has lived in Israel to this day, because she hid the messengers whom Joshua sent to spy out Jericho.

Acts 15:33
And after they had spent some time, they were sent off in peace by the brothers to those who had sent them.

James 2:25
And in the same way was not also Rahab the prostitute justified by works when she received the messengers and sent them out by another way?

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Believed Death Disbelieved Disobedient Faith Friendly God's Harlot House Killed Loose Notorious Orders Peace Perish Perished Prostitute Rahab Received Sheltered Sinner Spies Unbelieving Welcomed
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