Hebrews 12:9
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Besides this, we have had earthly fathers who disciplined us and we respected them. Shall we not much more be subject to the Father of spirits and live?

King James Bible
Furthermore we have had fathers of our flesh which corrected us, and we gave them reverence: shall we not much rather be in subjection unto the Father of spirits, and live?

American Standard Version
Furthermore, we had the fathers of our flesh to chasten us, and we gave them reverence: shall we not much rather be in subjection unto the Father of spirits, and live?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Moreover we have had fathers of our flesh, for instructors, and we reverenced them: shall we not much more obey the Father of spirits, and live?

English Revised Version
Furthermore, we had the fathers of our flesh to chasten us, and we gave them reverence: shall we not much rather be in subjection unto the Father of spirits, and live?

Webster's Bible Translation
Furthermore, we have had fathers of our flesh who corrected us, and we gave them reverence: shall we not much rather be in subjection to the Father of spirits, and live?

Weymouth New Testament
Besides this, our earthly fathers used to discipline us and we treated them with respect, and shall we not be still more submissive to the Father of our spirits, and live?

Hebrews 12:9 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Furthermore (εἷτα)

Everywhere else in N.T. this particle marks a succession of time or incident. See Mark 4:17; Mark 8:25; Luke 8:12; 1 Corinthians 15:5, 1 Corinthians 15:7. Here it introduces a new phase of the subject under discussion.

Fathers of our flesh (τοὺς μὲν τῆς σαρκὸς ἡμῶν πατέρας)

Up to this point the suffering of Christians has been explained by God's fatherly relation to them. Now the emphatic point is that their fathers, with whom God is compared, were only earthly, human parents. The phrase πατέρας τῆς σαρκὸς N.T.o , but kindred expressions are found Romans 4:1, Romans 9:3; Galatians 4:29; Hebrews 2:14.

Which corrected (παιδευτὰς)

Lit. "we have had fathers of our flesh as chasteners." Only here and Romans 2:20. In lxx, Sir. 37:19; Hosea 5:2; 4 Macc. 5:34; 9:6.

Shall we not much rather be in subjection (οὐ πολὺ μάλλον ὑποταγησόμεθα)

The comparison is between the respect paid to a fallible, human parent, which may grow out of the natural relation, or may be due to fear, and the complete subjection to the divine Father.

To the Father of spirits (τῷ πατρὶ τῶν πνευμάτων)

Contrasted with fathers of the flesh. Their relation to us is limited; his is universal. They are related to us on the fleshly side; he is the creator of our essential life. Our relation to him is on the side of our eternal being. Comp. John 4:23, John 4:24; Zechariah 12:1; Isaiah 57:16. The phrase N.T.o. Comp. lxx, Numbers 16:22; Numbers 27:16; Revelation 22:6. Clement of Rome styles God the benefactor (εὐεργέτης) of spirits, the creator and overseer (κτίστης, ἐπίσκοπος) of every spirit, and the Lord (δεσπότης) of spirits. Ad 1 Corinthians 59, lxiv.

And live (καὶ ζήσομεν)

Have true life; not limited to the future life. Comp. John 5:26; John 6:57; 1 John 5:11; Revelation 11:11; Acts 16:28; Romans 6:11; Romans 14:8; 1 John 4:9, and see on living God, Hebrews 3:12.

Hebrews 12:9 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

fathers.

John 3:6 That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.

Acts 2:30 Therefore being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh...

Romans 1:3 Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, which was made of the seed of David according to the flesh;

Romans 9:3,5 For I could wish that myself were accursed from Christ for my brothers, my kinsmen according to the flesh...

corrected. See on ver.

Hebrews 12:7 If you endure chastening, God deals with you as with sons; for what son is he whom the father chastens not?

we gave.

Exodus 20:12 Honor your father and your mother: that your days may be long on the land which the LORD your God gives you.

Leviticus 19:3 You shall fear every man his mother, and his father, and keep my sabbaths: I am the LORD your God.

Deuteronomy 21:18-21 If a man have a stubborn and rebellious son, which will not obey the voice of his father, or the voice of his mother, and that...

Deuteronomy 27:16 Cursed be he that sets light by his father or his mother. And all the people shall say, Amen.

Proverbs 30:17 The eye that mocks at his father, and despises to obey his mother, the ravens of the valley shall pick it out...

Ezekiel 22:7 In you have they set light by father and mother: in the middle of you have they dealt by oppression with the stranger...

Ephesians 6:1-4 Children, obey your parents in the Lord: for this is right...

shall we not.

Malachi 1:6 A son honors his father, and a servant his master: if then I be a father, where is my honor? and if I be a master, where is my fear?...

James 4:7,10 Submit yourselves therefore to God. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you...

1 Peter 5:6 Humble yourselves therefore under the mighty hand of God, that he may exalt you in due time:

the Father.

Numbers 16:22 And they fell on their faces, and said, O God, the God of the spirits of all flesh, shall one man sin...

Numbers 27:16 Let the LORD, the God of the spirits of all flesh, set a man over the congregation,

Job 12:10 In whose hand is the soul of every living thing, and the breath of all mankind.

Ecclesiastes 12:7 Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return to God who gave it.

Isaiah 42:5 Thus said God the LORD, he that created the heavens, and stretched them out; he that spread forth the earth...

Isaiah 57:16 For I will not contend for ever, neither will I be always wroth: for the spirit should fail before me, and the souls which I have made.

Zechariah 12:1 The burden of the word of the LORD for Israel, said the LORD, which stretches forth the heavens, and lays the foundation of the earth...

Cross References
Numbers 16:22
And they fell on their faces and said, "O God, the God of the spirits of all flesh, shall one man sin, and will you be angry with all the congregation?"

Numbers 27:16
"Let the LORD, the God of the spirits of all flesh, appoint a man over the congregation

Isaiah 38:16
O Lord, by these things men live, and in all these is the life of my spirit. Oh restore me to health and make me live!

Zechariah 12:1
The oracle of the word of the LORD concerning Israel: Thus declares the LORD, who stretched out the heavens and founded the earth and formed the spirit of man within him:

Luke 18:2
He said, "In a certain city there was a judge who neither feared God nor respected man.

Luke 18:4
For a while he refused, but afterward he said to himself, 'Though I neither fear God nor respect man,

Revelation 22:6
And he said to me, "These words are trustworthy and true. And the Lord, the God of the spirits of the prophets, has sent his angel to show his servants what must soon take place."

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