Hosea 12:12
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Jacob fled to the land of Aram; there Israel served for a wife, and for a wife he guarded sheep.

King James Bible
And Jacob fled into the country of Syria, and Israel served for a wife, and for a wife he kept sheep.

American Standard Version
And Jacob fled into the field of Aram, and Israel served for a wife, and for a wife he kept'sheep .

Douay-Rheims Bible
Jacob fled into the country of Syria, and Israel served for a wife, and was a keeper for a wife.

English Revised Version
And Jacob fled into the field of Aram, and Israel served for a wife, and for a wife he kept sheep.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Jacob fled into the country of Syria, and Israel served for a wife, and for a wife he kept sheep.

Hosea 12:12 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

"And now will I uncover her shame before her lovers, and no one shall tear her out of my hand." The ἅπ. λεγ. נבלוּה, lit., a withered state, from נבל, to be withered or faded, probably denotes, as Hengstenberg says, corpus multa stupra passum, and is rendered freely in the lxx by ἀκαθαρσία. "Before the eyes of the lovers," i.e., not so that they shall be obliged to look at it, without being able to avoid it, but so that the woman shall become even to them an object of abhorrence, from which they will turn away (comp. Nahum 3:5; Jeremiah 13:26). In this concrete form the general truth is expressed, that "whoever forsakes God for the world, will be put to shame by God before the world itself; and that all the more, the nearer it stood to Him before" (Hengstenberg). By the addition of the words "no one," etc., all hope is cut off that the threatened punishment can be averted (cf. Hosea 5:14).

This punishment is more minutely defined in Hosea 2:11-13, in which the figurative drapery is thrown into the background by the actual fact. Hosea 2:11. "And I make all her joy keep holiday (i.e., cease), her feast, and her new moon, and her sabbath, and all her festive time." The feast days and festive times were days of joy, in which Israel was to rejoice before the Lord its God. To bring into prominence this character of the feasts, כּל־משׂושׂהּ, "all her joy," is placed first, and the different festivals are mentioned afterwards. Châg stands for the three principal festivals of the year, the Passover, Pentecost, and the feast of Tabernacles, which had the character of châg, i.e., of feasts of joy par excellence, as being days of commemoration of the great acts of mercy which the Lord performed on behalf of His people. Then came the day of the new moon every month, and the Sabbath every week. Finally, these feasts are all summed up in כּל־מועדהּ; for מועד, מועדים is the general expression for all festive seasons and festive days (Leviticus 23:2, Leviticus 23:4). As a parallel, so far as the facts are concerned, comp. Amos 8:10; Jeremiah 7:34, and Lamentations 1:4; Lamentations 5:15.

Hosea 12:12 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Jacob.

Genesis 27:43 Now therefore, my son, obey my voice; arise, flee you to Laban my brother to Haran;

Genesis 28:1-29:35 And Isaac called Jacob, and blessed him, and charged him, and said to him, You shall not take a wife of the daughters of Canaan...

Deuteronomy 26:5 And you shall speak and say before the LORD your God, A Syrian ready to perish was my father, and he went down into Egypt...

Israel.

Genesis 32:27,28 And he said to him, What is your name? And he said, Jacob...

served.

Genesis 29:18-28 And Jacob loved Rachel; and said, I will serve you seven years for Rachel your younger daughter...

Genesis 31:41 Thus have I been twenty years in your house; I served you fourteen years for your two daughters, and six years for your cattle...

Cross References
Genesis 28:5
Thus Isaac sent Jacob away. And he went to Paddan-aram, to Laban, the son of Bethuel the Aramean, the brother of Rebekah, Jacob's and Esau's mother.

Genesis 29:18
Jacob loved Rachel. And he said, "I will serve you seven years for your younger daughter Rachel."

Genesis 29:20
So Jacob served seven years for Rachel, and they seemed to him but a few days because of the love he had for her.

Genesis 30:26
Give me my wives and my children for whom I have served you, that I may go, for you know the service that I have given you."

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