Hosea 12:7
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
A merchant, in whose hands are false balances, he loves to oppress.

King James Bible
He is a merchant, the balances of deceit are in his hand: he loveth to oppress.

American Standard Version
He is a trafficker, the balances of deceit are in his hand: he loveth to oppress.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He is like Chanaan, there is a deceitful balance in his hand, he hath loved oppression.

English Revised Version
He is a trafficker, the balances of deceit are in his hand: he loveth to oppress.

Webster's Bible Translation
He is a merchant, the balances of deceit are in his hand: he loveth to oppress.

Hosea 12:7 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

"For their mother hath committed whoredom; she that bare them hath practised shame: for she said, I will go after my lovers, who give (me) my bread and my water, my wool and my flax, my oil and my drink." By kı̄ (for) and the suffixes attached to 'immâm (their mother) and hōrâthâm (that bare them), the first clauses are indeed introduced as though simply explanatory and confirmatory of the last clause of Hosea 2:4; but if we look at the train of thought generally, it is obvious that Hosea 2:5 is not merely intended to explain the expression sons of whoredom, but to explain and vindicate the main thought, viz., that the children of whoredom, i.e., the idolatrous Israelites, will find no mercy. Now, as the mother and children are identical, if we trace back the figurative drapery to its actual basis, the punishment with which the children are threatened applies to the mother also; and the description of the mother's whoredom serves also to explain the reason for the punishment with which the mother is threatened in Hosea 2:3. And this also accounts for the fact that, in the threat which follows in Hosea 2:6, "I hedge up thy way," the other herself is again directly addressed. The hiphil hōbhı̄sh, which is traceable to yâbhēsh, so far as the form is concerned, but derives its meaning from בּושׁ, is not used here in its ordinary sense of being put to shame, but in the transitive sense of practising shame, analogous to the transitive meaning "to shame," which we find in 2 Samuel 19:5. To explain this thought, the coquetting with idols is more minutely described in the second hemistich. The delusive idea expressed by the wife (אמרה, in the perfect, indicates speaking or thinking which stretches from the past into the present), viz., that the idols give her food (bread and water), clothing (wool and flax), and the delicacies of life (oil and drink, i.e., wine and must and strong drink), that is to say, "everything that conduces to luxury and superfluity," which we also find expressed in Jeremiah 44:17-18, arose from the sight of the heathen nations round about, who were rich and mighty, and attributed this to their gods. It is impossible, however, that such a thought can ever occur, except in cases where the heart is already estranged from the living God. For so long as a man continues in undisturbed vital fellowship with God, "he sees with the eye of faith the hand in the clouds, from which he receives all, by which he is guided, and on which everything, even that which has apparently the most independence and strength, entirely depends" (Hengstenberg).

Hosea 12:7 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

a merchant. or, Canaan.

Ezekiel 16:3 And say, Thus said the Lord GOD to Jerusalem; Your birth and your nativity is of the land of Canaan; your father was an Amorite...

Zechariah 14:21 Yes, every pot in Jerusalem and in Judah shall be holiness to the LORD of hosts...

John 2:16 And said to them that sold doves, Take these things hence; make not my Father's house an house of merchandise.

the balances.

Leviticus 19:35,36 You shall do no unrighteousness in judgment, in length, in weight, or in measure...

Proverbs 11:1 A false balance is abomination to the LORD: but a just weight is his delight.

Proverbs 16:11 A just weight and balance are the LORD's: all the weights of the bag are his work.

Amos 8:5,6 Saying, When will the new moon be gone, that we may sell corn? and the sabbath, that we may set forth wheat, making the ephah small...

Micah 6:10,11 Are there yet the treasures of wickedness in the house of the wicked, and the scant measure that is abominable...

1 Timothy 6:9,10 But they that will be rich fall into temptation and a snare, and into many foolish and hurtful lusts...

he loveth.

Isaiah 3:5 And the people shall be oppressed, every one by another, and every one by his neighbor...

Ezekiel 22:29 The people of the land have used oppression, and exercised robbery, and have vexed the poor and needy: yes...

Amos 2:7 That pant after the dust of the earth on the head of the poor, and turn aside the way of the meek...

Amos 3:9 Publish in the palaces at Ashdod, and in the palaces in the land of Egypt, and say, Assemble yourselves on the mountains of Samaria...

Amos 4:1 Hear this word, you cows of Bashan, that are in the mountain of Samaria, which oppress the poor, which crush the needy...

Amos 5:11 For as much therefore as your treading is on the poor, and you take from him burdens of wheat: you have built houses of hewn stone...

Micah 2:1 Woe to them that devise iniquity, and work evil on their beds! when the morning is light, they practice it...

Micah 3:1-3 And I said, Hear, I pray you, O heads of Jacob, and you princes of the house of Israel; Is it not for you to know judgment...

Micah 7:2 The good man is perished out of the earth: and there is none upright among men: they all lie in wait for blood...

Malachi 3:5 And I will come near to you to judgment; and I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, and against the adulterers...

James 5:4 Behold, the hire of the laborers who have reaped down your fields, which is of you kept back by fraud, cries...

oppress. or, deceive.

1 Samuel 12:3 Behold, here I am: witness against me before the LORD, and before his anointed: whose ox have I taken? or whose donkey have I taken?...

Cross References
Proverbs 11:1
A false balance is an abomination to the LORD, but a just weight is his delight.

Ezekiel 28:5
by your great wisdom in your trade you have increased your wealth, and your heart has become proud in your wealth--

Amos 8:5
saying, "When will the new moon be over, that we may sell grain? And the Sabbath, that we may offer wheat for sale, that we may make the ephah small and the shekel great and deal deceitfully with false balances,

Micah 6:11
Shall I acquit the man with wicked scales and with a bag of deceitful weights?

Zechariah 5:8
And he said, "This is Wickedness." And he thrust her back into the basket, and thrust down the leaden weight on its opening.

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