Hosea 13:11
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
I gave you a king in my anger, and I took him away in my wrath.

King James Bible
I gave thee a king in mine anger, and took him away in my wrath.

American Standard Version
I have given thee a king in mine anger, and have taken him away in my wrath.

Douay-Rheims Bible
I will give thee a king in my wrath, and will take him away in my indignation.

English Revised Version
I have given thee a king in mine anger, and have taken him away in my wrath.

Webster's Bible Translation
I gave thee a king in my anger, and took him away in my wrath.

Hosea 13:11 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

"And it comes to pass in that day, I will hear, is the word of Jehovah; I will hear heaven, and it hears the earth. And the earth will hear the corn, and the new wine, and the oil; and they will hear Jezreel (God sows)." God will hear all the prayers that ascend to Him from His church (the first אענה is to be taken absolutely; compare the parallel in Isaiah 58:9), and cause all the blessings of heaven and earth to flow down to His favoured people. By a prosopopeia, the prophet represents the heaven as praying to God, to allow it to give to the earth that which is requisite to ensure its fertility; whereupon the heaven fulfils the desires of the earth, and the earth yields its produce to the nation.

(Note: As Umbreit observes, "It is as though we heard the exalted harmonies of the connected powers of creation, sending forth their notes as they are sustained and moved by the eternal key-note of the creative and moulding Spirit.")

In this way the thought is embodied, that all things in heaven and on earth depend on God; "so that without His bidding not a drop of rain falls from heaven, and the earth produces no germ, and consequently all nature would at length be barren, unless He gave it fertility by His blessing" (Calvin). The promise rests upon Deuteronomy 28:12, and forms the antithesis to the threat in Leviticus 26:19 and Deuteronomy 28:23-24, that God will make the heavens as brass, and the earth as iron, to those who despise His name. In the last clause the prophecy returns to its starting-point with the words, "Hear Jezreel." The blessing which flows down from heaven to earth flows to Jezreel, the nation which "God sows." The name Jezreel, which symbolizes the judgment about to burst upon the kingdom of Israel, according to the historical signification of the name in Hosea 1:4, Hosea 1:11, is used here in the primary sense of the word, to denote the nation as pardoned and reunited to its God.

This is evident from the explanation given in Hosea 2:23 : "And I sow her for myself in the land, and favour Unfavoured, and say to Not-my-people, Thou art my people; and it says to me, My God." זרע does not mean "to strew," or scatter (not even in Zechariah 10:9; cf. Koehler on the passage), but simply "to sow." The feminine suffix to זרעתּיה refers, ad sensum, to the wife whom God has betrothed to Himself for ever, i.e., to the favoured church of Israel, which is now to become a true Jezreel, as a rich sowing on the part of God. With this turn in the guidance of Israel, the ominous names of the other children of the prophet's marriage will also be changed into their opposite, to show that mercy and the restoration of vital fellowship with the Lord will now take the place of judgment, and of the rejection of the idolatrous nation. With regard to the fulfilment of the promise, the remarks made upon this point at Hosea 1:11 and Hosea 2:1 (pp. 33, 34), are applicable here, since this section is simply a further expansion of the preceding one.

Hosea 13:11 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Hosea 10:3 For now they shall say, We have no king, because we feared not the LORD; what then should a king do to us?

1 Samuel 8:7-9 And the LORD said to Samuel, Listen to the voice of the people in all that they say to you: for they have not rejected you...

1 Samuel 10:19 And you have this day rejected your God, who himself saved you out of all your adversities and your tribulations...

1 Samuel 12:13 Now therefore behold the king whom you have chosen, and whom you have desired! and, behold, the LORD has set a king over you.

1 Samuel 15:22,23 And Samuel said, Has the LORD as great delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices, as in obeying the voice of the LORD? Behold...

1 Samuel 16:1 And the LORD said to Samuel, How long will you mourn for Saul, seeing I have rejected him from reigning over Israel?...

1 Samuel 31:1-7 Now the Philistines fought against Israel: and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell down slain in mount Gilboa...

1 Kings 12:15,16,26-32 Why the king listened not to the people; for the cause was from the LORD, that he might perform his saying...

1 Kings 14:7-16 Go, tell Jeroboam, Thus said the LORD God of Israel, For as much as I exalted you from among the people...

2 Kings 17:1-4 In the twelfth year of Ahaz king of Judah began Hoshea the son of Elah to reign in Samaria over Israel nine years...

Proverbs 28:2 For the transgression of a land many are the princes thereof...

Cross References
1 Samuel 8:7
And the LORD said to Samuel, "Obey the voice of the people in all that they say to you, for they have not rejected you, but they have rejected me from being king over them.

1 Samuel 10:17
Now Samuel called the people together to the LORD at Mizpah.

1 Samuel 12:13
And now behold the king whom you have chosen, for whom you have asked; behold, the LORD has set a king over you.

1 Samuel 15:26
And Samuel said to Saul, "I will not return with you. For you have rejected the word of the LORD, and the LORD has rejected you from being king over Israel."

1 Kings 14:7
Go, tell Jeroboam, 'Thus says the LORD, the God of Israel: "Because I exalted you from among the people and made you leader over my people Israel

Hosea 3:4
For the children of Israel shall dwell many days without king or prince, without sacrifice or pillar, without ephod or household gods.

Hosea 8:4
They made kings, but not through me. They set up princes, but I knew it not. With their silver and gold they made idols for their own destruction.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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