Isaiah 14:11
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Your pomp is brought down to Sheol, the sound of your harps; maggots are laid as a bed beneath you, and worms are your covers.

King James Bible
Thy pomp is brought down to the grave, and the noise of thy viols: the worm is spread under thee, and the worms cover thee.

American Standard Version
Thy pomp is brought down to Sheol, and the noise of thy viols: the worm is spread under thee, and worms cover thee.

Douay-Rheims Bible
11Thy pride is brought down to hell, thy carcass is fallen down: under thee shall the moth be strewed, and worms shall be thy covering.

English Revised Version
Thy pomp is brought down to hell, and the noise of thy viols: the worm is spread under thee, and worms cover thee.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thy pomp is brought down to the grave, and the noise of thy viols: the worm is spread under thee, and the worms cover thee.

Isaiah 14:11 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The song of the redeemed is a song concerning the fall of the king of Babel. Isaiah 14:3, Isaiah 14:4. Instead of the hiphil hinniach (to let down) of Isaiah 14:1, we have here, as in the original passage, Deuteronomy 25:19, the form hēniach, which is commonly used in the sense of quieting, or procuring rest. עצב is trouble which plagues (as עמל is trouble which oppresses), and rōgez restlessness which wears out with anxious care (Job 3:26, cf., Ezekiel 12:18). The assimilated min before the two words is pronounced mĭ, with a weak reduplication, instead of mē, as elsewhere, before ח, ה, and even before ר (1 Samuel 23:28; 2 Samuel 18:16). In the relative clause עבּד־בך אשר, אשר is not the Hebrew casus adverb. answering to the Latin ablative qu servo te usi sunt; not do בך ... אשר belong to one another in the sense of quo, as in Deuteronomy 21:3, qu (vitul); but it is regarded as an acc. obj. according to Exodus 1:14 and Leviticus 25:39, qu'on t'a fait servir, as in Numbers 32:5, qu'on donne la terre (Luzzatto). When delivered from such a yoke of bondage, Israel would raise a mâshâl. According to its primary and general meaning, mâshâl signifies figurative language, and hence poetry generally, more especially that kind of proverbial poetry which loves the emblematical, and, in fact, any artistic composition that is piquant in its character; so that the idea of what is satirical or defiant may easily be associated with it, as in the passage before us.

The words are addressed to the Israel of the future in the Israel of the present, as in Isaiah 12:1. The former would then sing, and say as follows. "How hath the oppressor ceased! The place of torture ceased! Jehovah hath broken the rod of the wicked, the ruler's staff, which cmote nations in wrath with strokes without ceasing subjugated nations wrathfully with hunting than nevers stays." Not one of the early translators ever thought of deriving the hap. leg. madhebâh from the Aramaean dehab (gold), as Vitringa, Aurivillius, and Rosenmller have done. The former have all translated the word as if it were marhēbâh (haughty, violent treatment), as corrected by J. D. Michaelis, Doederlein, Knobel, and others. But we may arrive at the same result without altering a single letter, if we take דּאב as equivalent to דּהב, דּוּב, to melt or pine away, whether we go back to the kal or to the hiphil of the verb, and regard the Mem as used in a material or local sense. We understand it, according to madmenah (dunghill) in Isaiah 25:10, as denoting the place where they were reduced to pining away, i.e., as applied to Babylon as the house of servitude where Israel had been wearied to death. The tyrant's sceptre, mentioned in Isaiah 14:5, is the Chaldean world-power regarded as concentrated in the king of Babel (cf., shēbet in Numbers 24:17). This tyrant's sceptre smote nations with incessant blows and hunting: maccath is construed with macceh, the derivative of the same verb; and murdâph, a hophal noun (as in Isaiah 9:1; Isaiah 29:3), with rodeh, which is kindred in meaning. Doederlein's conjecture (mirdath), which has been adopted by most modern commentators, is quite unnecessary. Unceasing continuance is expressed first of all with bilti, which is used as a preposition, and followed by sârâh, a participial noun like câlâh, and then with b'li, which is construed with the finite verb as in Genesis 31:20; Job 41:18; for b'li châsâk is an attributive clause: with a hunting which did not restrain itself, did not stop, and therefore did not spare. Nor is it only Israel and other subjugated nations that now breathe again.

Isaiah 14:11 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

pomp

Isaiah 21:4,5 My heart panted, fearfulness affrighted me: the night of my pleasure has he turned into fear to me...

Isaiah 22:2 You that are full of stirs, a tumultuous city, joyous city: your slain men are not slain with the sword, nor dead in battle.

Job 21:11-15 They send forth their little ones like a flock, and their children dance...

Ezekiel 26:13 And I will cause the noise of your songs to cease; and the sound of your harps shall be no more heard.

Ezekiel 32:19,20 Whom do you pass in beauty? go down, and be you laid with the uncircumcised...

Daniel 5:1-4,25-30 Belshazzar the king made a great feast to a thousand of his lords, and drank wine before the thousand...

Amos 6:3-7 You that put far away the evil day, and cause the seat of violence to come near...

Revelation 18:11-19 And the merchants of the earth shall weep and mourn over her; for no man buys their merchandise any more...

the worm

Isaiah 66:24 And they shall go forth, and look on the carcasses of the men that have transgressed against me: for their worm shall not die...

Job 17:13,14 If I wait, the grave is my house: I have made my bed in the darkness...

Job 24:19,20 Drought and heat consume the snow waters: so does the grave those which have sinned...

Mark 9:43-48 And if your hand offend you, cut it off: it is better for you to enter into life maimed, than having two hands to go into hell...

Cross References
Job 21:26
They lie down alike in the dust, and the worms cover them.

Isaiah 5:14
Therefore Sheol has enlarged its appetite and opened its mouth beyond measure, and the nobility of Jerusalem and her multitude will go down, her revelers and he who exults in her.

Isaiah 51:8
For the moth will eat them up like a garment, and the worm will eat them like wool, but my righteousness will be forever, and my salvation to all generations."

Isaiah 66:24
"And they shall go out and look on the dead bodies of the men who have rebelled against me. For their worm shall not die, their fire shall not be quenched, and they shall be an abhorrence to all flesh."

Jump to Previous
Bed Beneath Body Cover Covered Covering Excellency Grave Harps Instruments Maggot Maggots Music Nether-World Noise Pomp Pride Psalteries Psaltery Sheol Sound Spread Stringed Underworld Viols Worm Worms
Jump to Next
Bed Beneath Body Cover Covered Covering Excellency Grave Harps Instruments Maggot Maggots Music Nether-World Noise Pomp Pride Psalteries Psaltery Sheol Sound Spread Stringed Underworld Viols Worm Worms
Links
Isaiah 14:11 NIV
Isaiah 14:11 NLT
Isaiah 14:11 ESV
Isaiah 14:11 NASB
Isaiah 14:11 KJV

Isaiah 14:11 Bible Apps
Isaiah 14:11 Biblia Paralela
Isaiah 14:11 Chinese Bible
Isaiah 14:11 French Bible
Isaiah 14:11 German Bible

Bible Hub

ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
Isaiah 14:10
Top of Page
Top of Page