Isaiah 17:1
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
An oracle concerning Damascus. Behold, Damascus will cease to be a city and will become a heap of ruins.

King James Bible
The burden of Damascus. Behold, Damascus is taken away from being a city, and it shall be a ruinous heap.

American Standard Version
The burden of Damascus. Behold, Damascus is taken away from being a city, and it shall be a ruinous heap.

Douay-Rheims Bible
THE burden of Damascus. Behold Damascus shall cease to be a city, and shall be as a ruinous heap of stones.

English Revised Version
The burden of Damascus. Behold, Damascus is taken away from being a city, and it shall be a ruinous heap.

Webster's Bible Translation
The burden of Damascus. Behold, Damascus is taken away from being a city, and it shall be a ruinous heap.

Isaiah 17:1 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The beauties of nature and fruitfulness of the land, which come into the possession of any nation, are gifts from the riches of divine goodness, remnants of the paradisaical commencement of the history of man, and types of its paradisaical close; and for this very reason they are not matters of indifference to the spirit of prophecy. And for the same reason, it is not unworthy of a prophet, who predicts the renovation of nature and the perfecting of it into the beauty of paradise, to weep over such a devastation as that of the Moabitish vineyards which was now passing before his mind (cf., Isaiah 32:12-13). "Therefore I bemoan the vines of Sibmah with the weeping of Jazer; I flood thee with my tears, O Heshbon and Elealeh, that Hdad hath fallen upon thy fruit-harvest and upon thy vintage." A tetrastich, the Hebrew equivalent, in measure and movement, of a sapphic strophe. The circumstantiality of the vision is here swallowed up again by the sympathy of the prophet; and the prophecy, which is throughout as truly human as it is divine, becomes soft and flowing like an elegy. The prophet mingles his tears with the tears of Jazer. Just as the latter weeps for the devastated vines of Sibmah, so does he also weep. The form אריּוך, transposed from ארוּיך equals ארוּך (cf., Ewald, 253, a, where it is explained as being a rare "voluntative" formation), corresponds to the elegiac tone of the whole strophe. Heshbon and Elealeh, those closely connected cities, with their luxuriant fields (shedemoth, Isaiah 16:8), are now lying in ruins; and the prophet waters them with tears, because hedad has fallen upon the fruit-harvest and vintage of both the sister cities. In other instances the term kâtzı̄r is applied to the wheat-harvest; but here it is used in the same sense as bâtzı̄r, to which it is preferred on account of Isaiah's favourite alliteration, viz., with kaytz (compare, for example, the alliteration of mistor with sēther in Isaiah 4:6). That it does not refer to the wheat-harvest here, but to the vintage, which was nearly coincident with the fruit-harvest (which is called kaytz, as in Isaiah 28:4), is evident from the figure suggested in the word hēdâd, which was the shout raised by the pressers of the grapes, to give the time for moving their feet when treading out the wine (Isaiah 16:10; Jeremiah 25:30). A hēdâd of this kind had fallen upon the rich floors of Heshbon-Elealeh, inasmuch as they had been trodden down by enemies - a Hedad, and yet no Hedad, as Jeremiah gives it in a beautiful oxymoron (Jeremiah 48:33), i.e., no joyous shout of actual grape-treaders.

Isaiah 17:1 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

A.M. cir

3263. B.C. cir.

741
burden

Isaiah 15:1 The burden of Moab. Because in the night Ar of Moab is laid waste, and brought to silence...

Isaiah 19:1 The burden of Egypt. Behold, the LORD rides on a swift cloud, and shall come into Egypt...

Damascus

Isaiah 7:8 For the head of Syria is Damascus, and the head of Damascus is Rezin; and within three score and five years shall Ephraim be broken...

Genesis 14:15 And he divided himself against them, he and his servants, by night, and smote them, and pursued them to Hobah...

Genesis 15:2 And Abram said, LORD God, what will you give me, seeing I go childless, and the steward of my house is this Eliezer of Damascus?

1 Kings 11:24 And he gathered men to him, and became captain over a band, when David slew them of Zobah: and they went to Damascus...

1 Chronicles 18:5 And when the Syrians of Damascus came to help Hadarezer king of Zobah, David slew of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men.

2 Chronicles 28:5,23 Why the LORD his God delivered him into the hand of the king of Syria; and they smote him...

Jeremiah 49:23-27 Concerning Damascus. Hamath is confounded, and Arpad: for they have heard evil tidings: they are fainthearted...

Amos 1:3-5 Thus said the LORD; For three transgressions of Damascus, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof...

Zechariah 9:1 The burden of the word of the LORD in the land of Hadrach, and Damascus shall be the rest thereof: when the eyes of man...

Acts 9:2 And desired of him letters to Damascus to the synagogues, that if he found any of this way, whether they were men or women...

Damascus is

Isaiah 8:4 For before the child shall have knowledge to cry, My father, and my mother...

Isaiah 10:9 Is not Calno as Carchemish? is not Hamath as Arpad? is not Samaria as Damascus?

2 Kings 16:9 And the king of Assyria listened to him: for the king of Assyria went up against Damascus, and took it...

ruinous

Isaiah 25:2 For you have made of a city an heap; of a defended city a ruin: a palace of strangers to be no city; it shall never be built.

Isaiah 37:26 Have you not heard long ago, how I have done it; and of ancient times, that I have formed it? now have I brought it to pass...

Jeremiah 49:2 Therefore, behold, the days come, said the LORD, that I will cause an alarm of war to be heard in Rabbah of the Ammonites...

Micah 1:6 Therefore I will make Samaria as an heap of the field, and as plantings of a vineyard...

Micah 3:12 Therefore shall Zion for your sake be plowed as a field, and Jerusalem shall become heaps...

Cross References
Acts 9:2
and asked him for letters to the synagogues at Damascus, so that if he found any belonging to the Way, men or women, he might bring them bound to Jerusalem.

Genesis 14:15
And he divided his forces against them by night, he and his servants, and defeated them and pursued them to Hobah, north of Damascus.

Genesis 15:2
But Abram said, "O Lord GOD, what will you give me, for I continue childless, and the heir of my house is Eliezer of Damascus?"

Deuteronomy 13:16
You shall gather all its spoil into the midst of its open square and burn the city and all its spoil with fire, as a whole burnt offering to the LORD your God. It shall be a heap forever. It shall not be built again.

2 Kings 16:9
And the king of Assyria listened to him. The king of Assyria marched up against Damascus and took it, carrying its people captive to Kir, and he killed Rezin.

Isaiah 7:8
For the head of Syria is Damascus, and the head of Damascus is Rezin. And within sixty-five years Ephraim will be shattered from being a people.

Isaiah 7:16
For before the boy knows how to refuse the evil and choose the good, the land whose two kings you dread will be deserted.

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