Isaiah 28:7
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
These also reel with wine and stagger with strong drink; the priest and the prophet reel with strong drink, they are swallowed by wine, they stagger with strong drink, they reel in vision, they stumble in giving judgment.

King James Bible
But they also have erred through wine, and through strong drink are out of the way; the priest and the prophet have erred through strong drink, they are swallowed up of wine, they are out of the way through strong drink; they err in vision, they stumble in judgment.

American Standard Version
And even these reel with wine, and stagger with strong drink; the priest and the prophet reel with strong drink, they are swallowed up of wine, they stagger with strong drink; they err in vision, they stumble in judgment.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But these also have been ignorant through wine, and through drunkenness have erred: the priest and the prophet have been ignorant through drunkenness, they are swallowed up with wine, they have gone astray in drunkenness, they have not known him that seeth, they have been ignorant of judgment.

English Revised Version
But these also have erred through wine, and through strong drink are gone astray; the priest and the prophet have erred through strong drink, they are swallowed up of wine, they are gone astray through strong drink; they err in vision, they stumble in judgment.

Webster's Bible Translation
But they also have erred through wine, and through strong drink are out of the way; the priest and the prophet have erred through strong drink, they are overwhelmed with wine, they are out of the way through strong drink; they err in vision, they stumble in judgment.

Isaiah 28:7 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Isaiah, like Micah, commences with the fall of the proud and intoxicated Samaria. "Woe to the proud crown of the drunken of Ephraim, and to the fading flower of its splendid ornament, which is upon the head of the luxuriant valley of those slain with wine." The allusion is to Samaria, which is called (1.) "the pride-crown of the drunken of Ephraim," i.e., the crown of which the intoxicated and blinded Ephraimites were proud (Isaiah 29:9; Isaiah 19:14), and (2.) "the fading flower" (on the expression itself, compare Isaiah 1:30; Isaiah 40:7-8) "of the ornament of his splendour," i.e., the flower now fading, which had once been the ornament with which they made a show. This flower stood "upon the head of the valley of fatnesses of those slain with wine" (cf., Isaiah 16:8), i.e., of the valley so exuberant with fruitfulness, belonging to the Ephraimites, who were thoroughly enslaved by wine. Samaria stood upon a beautiful swelling hill, which commanded the whole country round in a most regal way (Amos 4:1; Amos 6:1), in the centre of a large basin, of about two hours' journey in diameter, shut in by a gigantic circle of still loftier mountains (Amos 3:9). The situation was commanding; the hill terraced up to the very top; and the surrounding country splendid and fruitful (Ritter, Erdkunde, xvi. 660, 661). The expression used by the prophet is intentionally bombastic. He heaps genitives upon genitives, as in Isaiah 10:12; Isaiah 21:17. The words are linked together in pairs. Shemânı̄m (fatnesses) has the absolute form, although it is annexed to the following word, the logical relation overruling the syntactical usage (compare Isaiah 32:13; 1 Chronicles 9:13). The sesquipedalia verba are intended to produce the impression of excessive worldly luxuriance and pleasure, upon which the woe is pronounced. The epithet nōbhēl (fading: possibly a genitive, as in Isaiah 28:4), which is introduced here into the midst of this picture of splendour, indicates that all this splendour is not only destined to fade, but is beginning to fade already.

Isaiah 28:7 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

erred

Isaiah 19:14 The LORD has mingled a perverse spirit in the middle thereof: and they have caused Egypt to err in every work thereof...

Isaiah 56:10-12 His watchmen are blind: they are all ignorant, they are all dumb dogs, they cannot bark; sleeping, lying down, loving to slumber...

Leviticus 10:9,10 Do not drink wine nor strong drink, you, nor your sons with you, when you go into the tabernacle of the congregation, lest you die...

Proverbs 20:1 Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging: and whoever is deceived thereby is not wise.

Proverbs 31:4,5 It is not for kings, O Lemuel, it is not for kings to drink wine; nor for princes strong drink...

Ecclesiastes 10:17 Blessed are you, O land, when your king is the son of nobles, and your princes eat in due season, for strength...

Ezekiel 44:21 Neither shall any priest drink wine, when they enter into the inner court.

Hosea 4:11 Prostitution and wine and new wine take away the heart.

Micah 2:11 If a man walking in the spirit and falsehood do lie, saying, I will prophesy to you of wine and of strong drink...

Matthew 24:29 Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light...

Luke 21:34 And take heed to yourselves, lest at any time your hearts be overcharged with surfeiting, and drunkenness, and cares of this life...

Ephesians 5:28 So ought men to love their wives as their own bodies. He that loves his wife loves himself.

are swallowed

Psalm 107:27 They reel to and fro, and stagger like a drunken man, and are at their wit's end.

err in

Isaiah 3:12 As for my people, children are their oppressors, and women rule over them. O my people, they which lead you cause you to err...

Isaiah 9:16 For the leaders of this people cause them to err; and they that are led of them are destroyed.

Jeremiah 14:14 Then the LORD said to me, The prophets prophesy lies in my name: I sent them not, neither have I commanded them, neither spoke to them...

Jeremiah 23:13,16 And I have seen folly in the prophets of Samaria; they prophesied in Baal, and caused my people Israel to err...

Lamentations 2:4 He has bent his bow like an enemy: he stood with his right hand as an adversary...

Ezekiel 13:7 Have you not seen a vain vision, and have you not spoken a lying divination, whereas you say, The LORD said it...

Hosea 4:12 My people ask counsel at their stocks, and their staff declares to them: for the spirit of prostitutions has caused them to err...

Cross References
Leviticus 10:9
"Drink no wine or strong drink, you or your sons with you, when you go into the tent of meeting, lest you die. It shall be a statute forever throughout your generations.

Proverbs 20:1
Wine is a mocker, strong drink a brawler, and whoever is led astray by it is not wise.

Proverbs 23:30
Those who tarry long over wine; those who go to try mixed wine.

Isaiah 5:11
Woe to those who rise early in the morning, that they may run after strong drink, who tarry late into the evening as wine inflames them!

Isaiah 5:22
Woe to those who are heroes at drinking wine, and valiant men in mixing strong drink,

Isaiah 9:15
the elder and honored man is the head, and the prophet who teaches lies is the tail;

Isaiah 19:14
The LORD has mingled within her a spirit of confusion, and they will make Egypt stagger in all its deeds, as a drunken man staggers in his vomit.

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