Isaiah 36:3
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And there came out to him Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, who was over the household, and Shebna the secretary, and Joah the son of Asaph, the recorder.

King James Bible
Then came forth unto him Eliakim, Hilkiah's son, which was over the house, and Shebna the scribe, and Joah, Asaph's son, the recorder.

American Standard Version
Then came forth unto him Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, who was over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and Joah, the son of Asaph, the recorder.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And there went out to him Eliacim the son of Helcias, who was over the house, and Sobna the scribe, and Joahe the son of Asaph the recorder.

English Revised Version
Then came forth unto him Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, which was over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and Joah the son of Asaph the recorder.

Webster's Bible Translation
Then came forth to him Eliakim, Hilkiah's son, who was over the house, and Shebna the scribe, and Joah, Asaph's son, the recorder.

Isaiah 36:3 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

"Then the eyes of the blind will be opened, and the ears of the deaf unstopped. Then will the lame man leap as the stag, and the tongue of the dumb man shout; for waters break out in the desert, and brooks in the steppe. And the mirage becomes a fish-pond, and the thirsty ground gushing water-springs; in the place of jackals, where it lies, there springs up grass with reeds and rushes." The bodily defects mentioned here there is no reason for regarding as figurative representations of spiritual defects. The healing of bodily defects, however, is merely the outer side of what is actually effected by the coming of Jehovah (for the other side, comp. Isaiah 32:3-4). And so, also, the change of the desert into a field abounding with water is not a mere poetical ornament; for in the last times, he era of redemption, nature itself will really share in the doxa which proceeds from the manifested God to His redeemed. Shârâb (Arab. sarâb) is essentially the same thing as that which we call in the western languages the mirage, or Fata morgana; not indeed every variety of this phenomenon of the refraction of light, through strata of air of varying density lying one above another, but more especially that appearance of water, which is produced as if by magic in the dry, sandy desert

(Note: See. G. Rawlinson, Monarchies, i. p. 38.)

(literally perhaps the "desert shine," just as we speak of the "Alpine glow;" see Isaiah 49:10). The antithesis to this is 'ăgam (Chald. 'agmâ', Syr. egmo, Ar. agam), a fish-pond (as in Isaiah 41:18, different from 'âgâm in Isaiah 19:10). In the arid sandy desert, where the jackal once had her lair and suckled her young (this is, according to Lamentations 4:3, the true explanation of the permutative ribhtsâh, for which ribhtsâm would be in some respects more suitable), grass springs up even into reeds and rushes; so that, as Isaiah 43:20 affirms, the wild beasts of the desert praise Jehovah.

Isaiah 36:3 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Eliakim

Isaiah 22:15-20 Thus said the Lord GOD of hosts, Go, get you to this treasurer, even to Shebna, which is over the house, and say...

Shebna

2 Samuel 8:16,17 And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder...

2 Samuel 20:24,25 And Adoram was over the tribute: and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder...

scribe. or, secretary

Cross References
2 Kings 18:18
And when they called for the king, there came out to them Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, who was over the household, and Shebnah the secretary, and Joah the son of Asaph, the recorder.

Isaiah 22:15
Thus says the Lord GOD of hosts, "Come, go to this steward, to Shebna, who is over the household, and say to him:

Isaiah 22:20
In that day I will call my servant Eliakim the son of Hilkiah,

Isaiah 36:22
Then Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, who was over the household, and Shebna the secretary, and Joah the son of Asaph, the recorder, came to Hezekiah with their clothes torn, and told him the words of the Rabshakeh.

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Administrator Asaph Asaph's Chronicler Eliakim Eli'akim Forth Hilkiah Hilki'ah Hilkiah's Hilkijah House Household Joah Jo'ah Palace Recorder Remembrancer Scribe Secretary Shebna
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Administrator Asaph Asaph's Chronicler Eliakim Eli'akim Forth Hilkiah Hilki'ah Hilkiah's Hilkijah House Household Joah Jo'ah Palace Recorder Remembrancer Scribe Secretary Shebna
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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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