Isaiah 41:21
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Set forth your case, says the LORD; bring your proofs, says the King of Jacob.

King James Bible
Produce your cause, saith the LORD; bring forth your strong reasons, saith the King of Jacob.

American Standard Version
Produce your cause, saith Jehovah; bring forth your strong reasons, saith the King of Jacob.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Bring your cause near, saith the Lord: bring hither, if you have any thing to allege, saith the King of Jacob.

English Revised Version
Produce your cause, saith the LORD; bring forth your strong reasons, saith the King of Jacob.

Webster's Bible Translation
Produce your cause, saith the LORD; bring forth your strong reasons, saith the King of Jacob.

Isaiah 41:21 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The consolatory words, "Fear not," are now repeated, for the purpose of once more adding the promise that Israel will not succumb to its foes, but will acquire power over its enemies. "Fear not, thou worm Jacob, and handful Israel: I will help thee, saith Jehovah; and thy Redeemer is the Holy One of Israel. Behold, I have made thee a threshing roller, a sharp new one, with double edges: thou wilt thresh mountains, and pound them; and hills thou wilt make like chaff. Thou wilt winnow them, and wind carries them away, and tempest scatters them: and thou wilt rejoice in Jehovah, and glory in the Holy One of Israel." Israel, which is now helplessly oppressed, is called "worm of Jacob" (gen. appos.) in compassion, i.e., Jacob that is like a worm, probably with some allusion to Psalm 22:7; for the image of the Messiah enriches itself in these discourses, inasmuch as Israel itself is looked upon in a Messianic light, so that the second David does not stand by the side of Israel, but appears as Israel's heart, or true and inmost essence. The people are then addressed as the "people of Israel," with some allusion to the phrase מספּר מתי (i.e., few men, easily numbered) in Genesis 34:30; Deuteronomy 4:27 (lxx ὀλιγοστὸσ ̓Ισραήλ; Luther, Ir armer hauffe Israel, ye poor crowd of Israel). They no longer formed the compact mass of a nation; the band of the commonwealth was broken: they were melted down into a few individuals, scattered about hither and thither. But it would not continue so. "I help thee" (perfect of certainty) is Jehovah's solemn declaration; and the Redeemer (redemtor, Leviticus 25:48-49) of His now enslaved people is the Holy One of Israel, with His love, which perpetually triumphs over wrath. Not only will He set it free, but He will also endow it with might over its oppressors; samtı̄kh is a perfect of assurance (Ges. 126, 4); mōrag (roller) signifies a threshing-sledge (Arab. naureg, nōreg), which has here the term חרוּץ (Isaiah 28:27) as a secondary name along with חדשׁ, and is described as furnished on the under part of the two arms of the sledge not only with sharp knives, but with two-edged knives (פּיפיּות a reduplication, like מאסּאה in Isaiah 27:8, whereas מימי is a double plural). Just like such a threshing machine would Israel thresh and grind to powder from that time forth both mountains and hills. This is evidently a figurative expression for proud and mighty foes, just as wind and tempest denote the irresistible force of Jehovah's aid. The might of the enemy would be broken down to the very last remnant, whereas Israel would be able to rejoice and glory in its God.

Isaiah 41:21 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

produce. Heb. cause to come near

Job 23:3,4 Oh that I knew where I might find him! that I might come even to his seat!...

Job 31:37 I would declare to him the number of my steps; as a prince would I go near to him.

Job 38:3 Gird up now your loins like a man; for I will demand of you, and answer you me.

Job 40:7-9 Gird up your loins now like a man: I will demand of you, and declare you to me...

Micah 6:1,2 Hear you now what the LORD said; Arise, contend you before the mountains, and let the hills hear your voice...

Cross References
Isaiah 1:18
"Come now, let us reason together, says the LORD: though your sins are like scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they are red like crimson, they shall become like wool.

Isaiah 44:6
Thus says the LORD, the King of Israel and his Redeemer, the LORD of hosts: "I am the first and I am the last; besides me there is no god.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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