James 3:14
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
But if you have bitter jealousy and selfish ambition in your hearts, do not boast and be false to the truth.

King James Bible
But if ye have bitter envying and strife in your hearts, glory not, and lie not against the truth.

American Standard Version
But if ye have bitter jealousy and faction in your heart, glory not and lie not against the truth.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But if you have bitter zeal, and there be contentions in your hearts; glory not, and be not liars against the truth.

English Revised Version
But if ye have bitter jealousy and faction in your heart, glory not and lie not against the truth.

Webster's Bible Translation
But if ye have bitter envying and strife in your hearts, glory not, and lie not against the truth.

Weymouth New Testament
But if in your hearts you have bitter feelings of envy and rivalry, do not speak boastfully and falsely, in defiance of the truth.

James 3:14 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Envying (ζῆλον)

The word is used in the New Testament both in a bad and a good sense. For the latter, see John 2:17; Romans 10:2; 2 Corinthians 9:2. From it is our word zeal, which may be either good or bad, wise or foolish. The bad sense is predominant in the New Testament. See Acts 5:17; Romans 13:13; Galatians 5:20, and here, where the bad sense is defined and emphasized by the epithet bitter. It is often joined with ἔρις strife, as here with ἐρίθεια, intriguing or faction. The rendering envying, as A. V., more properly belongs to φθόνος, which is never used in a good sense. Emulation is the better general rendering, which does not necessarily include envy, but may be full of the spirit of self-devotion. Rev. renders jealousy.

Strife (ἐριθείαν)

A wrong rendering, founded on the mistaken derivation from ἔρις, strife. It is derived from ἔριθος, a hired servant, and means, primarily, labor for hire. Compare Tobit 2:11: My wife did take women's work to do (ἠριθεύετο). Thus it comes to be applied to those who serve in official positions for their own selfish interest, and who, to that end, promote party spirit and faction. So Romans 2:8 : them that are contentious (ἐξ ἐριθείας), lit., of faction. Rev., factious. Also, 2 Corinthians 12:20. Rev., here, rightly, faction.

James 3:14 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

if.

James 3:16 For where envying and strife is, there is confusion and every evil work.

James 4:1-5 From where come wars and fights among you? come they not hence, even of your lusts that war in your members...

Genesis 30:1,2 And when Rachel saw that she bore Jacob no children, Rachel envied her sister; and said to Jacob, Give me children, or else I die...

Genesis 37:11 And his brothers envied him; but his father observed the saying.

Job 5:2 For wrath kills the foolish man, and envy slays the silly one.

Proverbs 14:30 A sound heart is the life of the flesh: but envy the rottenness of the bones.

Proverbs 27:4 Wrath is cruel, and anger is outrageous; but who is able to stand before envy?

Isaiah 11:13 The envy also of Ephraim shall depart, and the adversaries of Judah shall be cut off: Ephraim shall not envy Judah...

Habakkuk 1:3 Why do you show me iniquity, and cause me to behold grievance? for spoiling and violence are before me...

Matthew 27:18 For he knew that for envy they had delivered him.

Acts 5:17 Then the high priest rose up, and all they that were with him, (which is the sect of the Sadducees,) and were filled with indignation,

Acts 7:9 And the patriarchs, moved with envy, sold Joseph into Egypt: but God was with him,

Acts 13:45 But when the Jews saw the multitudes, they were filled with envy, and spoke against those things which were spoken by Paul...

Romans 1:29 Being filled with all unrighteousness, fornication, wickedness, covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murder...

Romans 13:13 Let us walk honestly, as in the day; not in rioting and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and envying.

1 Corinthians 3:3 For you are yet carnal: for whereas there is among you envying, and strife, and divisions, are you not carnal, and walk as men?

1 Corinthians 13:4 Charity suffers long, and is kind; charity envies not; charity braggs not itself, is not puffed up,

2 Corinthians 12:20 For I fear, lest, when I come, I shall not find you such as I would, and that I shall be found to you such as you would not...

Galatians 5:15,21,26 But if you bite and devour one another, take heed that you be not consumed one of another...

Philippians 1:15 Some indeed preach Christ even of envy and strife; and some also of good will:

Philippians 2:3 Let nothing be done through strife or vainglory; but in lowliness of mind let each esteem other better than themselves.

1 Timothy 6:4 He is proud, knowing nothing, but doting about questions and strifes of words, whereof comes envy, strife, railings, evil surmisings,

Titus 3:3 For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy...

1 Peter 2:1,2 Why laying aside all malice, and all guile, and hypocrisies, and envies, all evil speakings...

glory.

Romans 2:17,23 Behold, you are called a Jew, and rest in the law, and make your boast of God...

*etc:

1 Corinthians 4:7,8 For who makes you to differ from another? and what have you that you did not receive? now if you did receive it, why do you glory...

1 Corinthians 5:2,6 And you are puffed up, and have not rather mourned, that he that has done this deed might be taken away from among you...

Galatians 6:13 For neither they themselves who are circumcised keep the law; but desire to have you circumcised, that they may glory in your flesh.

and lie.

2 Kings 10:16,31 And he said, Come with me, and see my zeal for the LORD. So they made him ride in his chariot...

John 16:2 They shall put you out of the synagogues: yes, the time comes, that whoever kills you will think that he does God service.

Acts 26:9 I truly thought with myself, that I ought to do many things contrary to the name of Jesus of Nazareth.

Cross References
Romans 2:8
but for those who are self-seeking and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, there will be wrath and fury.

2 Corinthians 12:20
For I fear that perhaps when I come I may find you not as I wish, and that you may find me not as you wish--that perhaps there may be quarreling, jealousy, anger, hostility, slander, gossip, conceit, and disorder.

Galatians 5:20
idolatry, sorcery, enmity, strife, jealousy, fits of anger, rivalries, dissensions, divisions,

1 Timothy 2:4
who desires all people to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth.

James 1:18
Of his own will he brought us forth by the word of truth, that we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures.

James 3:16
For where jealousy and selfish ambition exist, there will be disorder and every vile practice.

James 5:19
My brothers, if anyone among you wanders from the truth and someone brings him back,

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