Jeremiah 17:11
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Like the partridge that gathers a brood that she did not hatch, so is he who gets riches but not by justice; in the midst of his days they will leave him, and at his end he will be a fool.

King James Bible
As the partridge sitteth on eggs, and hatcheth them not; so he that getteth riches, and not by right, shall leave them in the midst of his days, and at his end shall be a fool.

American Standard Version
As the partridge that sitteth on eggs which she hath not laid, so is he that getteth riches, and not by right; in the midst of his days they shall leave him, and at his end he shall be a fool.

Douay-Rheims Bible
As the partridge hath hatched eggs which she did not lay: so is he that hath gathered riches, and not by right: in the midst of his days he shall leave them, and in his latter end he shall be a fool.

English Revised Version
As the partridge that gathereth young which she hath not brought forth, so is he that getteth riches, and not by right; in the midst of his days they shall leave him, and at his end he shall be a fool.

Webster's Bible Translation
As the partridge sitteth on eggs, and hatcheth them not; so he that getteth riches, and not by right, shall leave them in the midst of his days, and at his end shall be a fool.

Jeremiah 17:11 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Further Confirmation of this Announcement in General Reflections concerning the Sources of Ruin and of well-being. - This portion falls into two halves: a. On the sources of ruin and of well-being (Jeremiah 17:5-18); b. On the way to life (Jeremiah 17:18-27). The reflections of the first half show the curse of confidence in man and the blessings of confidence in God the Lord, Jeremiah 17:5-13; to which is joined, Jeremiah 17:14-18, a prayer of the prophet for deliverance from his enemies.

Jeremiah 17:5-6

"Thus saith Jahveh: Cursed is the man that trusteth in man and maketh flesh his arm, while his heart departeth from Jahveh. Jeremiah 17:6. He shall be as a destitute man in the wilderness, and shall not see that good cometh; he shall inhabit parched places in the desert, a salt land and uninhabited. Jeremiah 17:7. Blessed is the man that trusteth in Jahve, and whose trust Jahveh is. Jer 17:8. He shall be as a tree planted by the water, and shall by the river spread out his roots, and shall not fear when heat cometh; his leaves shall be green, and in the year of drought he shall not have care, neither cease from yielding fruit. Jeremiah 17:9. Deceitful is the heart above all, and corrupt it is, who can know it? Jeremiah 17:10. I Jahveh search the heart and try the reins, even to give every one according to his way, according to the fruit of his doings. Jeremiah 17:11. The partridge hatCheth the egg which it laid not; there is that getteth riches and not by right. In the midst of his days they forsake him, and at his end he shall be a fool. Jeremiah 17:12. Thou throne of glory, loftiness from the beginning, thou place of our sanctuary. Jeremiah 17:13. Thou hope of Israel, Jahveh, all that forsake Thee come to shame. They that depart from me shall be written in the earth, for they have forsaken the fountain of living water, Jahveh."

Trust in man and departure from God brings only mischief (Jeremiah 17:5 and Jeremiah 17:6); trust in the Lord brings blessing only (Jeremiah 17:7, Jeremiah 17:8). These truths are substantiated in Jeremiah 17:9-13, and elucidated by illustrations.

Trust in man is described according to the nature of it in the second clause: he that maketh flesh his arm, i.e., has strength. Flesh, the antithesis to spirit (cf. Isaiah 31:3), sets forth the vanity and perishableness of man and of all other earthly beings; cf. besides Isaiah 31:3, also Job 10:4; Psalm 56:5. In Jeremiah 17:6 we are shown the curse of this trusting in man. One who so does is as ערער in the steppe. This word, which is found beside only in Psalm 102:18, and in the form ערוער Jeremiah 48:6, is rendered by the old translators by means of words which mean desert plants or thorny growths (lxx ἀγριομυρίκη; Jerome, myrice; similarly in Chald. and Syr.); so Ew., arid shrub; Umbr., a bare tree. All these renderings are merely guesses from the context; and the latter, indeed, tells rather against than for a bush or tree, since the following clause, "he shall not see," can be said only of a man. So in Psalm 102:18, where we hear of the prayer of the ערער. The word is from ערר, to be naked, made bare, and denotes the destitute man, who lacks all the means of subsistence. It is not the homeless or outcast (Graf, Hitz.). He shall not see, i.e., experience that good comes, i.e., he shall have no prosperity, but shall inhabit "burnt places," tracts in the desert parched by the sun's heat. Salt-land, i.e., quite unfruitful land; cf. Deuteronomy 29:22. לא תשׁב is a relative clause: and which is not inhabited equals uninhabitable. Dwelling in parched tracts and salt regions is a figure for the total want of the means of life (equivalent to the German: auf keinen grnen Zweig kommen).

Jeremiah 17:11 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

sitteth. or gathered young which she hath not brought forth.
he that.

Jeremiah 5:27,28 As a cage is full of birds, so are their houses full of deceit: therefore they are become great, and waxen rich...

Jeremiah 22:13,17 Woe to him that builds his house by unrighteousness, and his chambers by wrong; that uses his neighbor's service without wages...

Proverbs 1:18,19 And they lay wait for their own blood; they lurk privately for their own lives...

Proverbs 13:11 Wealth gotten by vanity shall be diminished: but he that gathers by labor shall increase.

Proverbs 15:27 He that is greedy of gain troubles his own house; but he that hates gifts shall live.

Proverbs 21:6 The getting of treasures by a lying tongue is a vanity tossed to and fro of them that seek death.

Proverbs 28:8,16,20,22 He that by usury and unjust gain increases his substance, he shall gather it for him that will pity the poor...

Isaiah 1:23,24 Your princes are rebellious, and companions of thieves: every one loves gifts, and follows after rewards: they judge not the fatherless...

Ezekiel 22:12,13 In you have they taken gifts to shed blood; you have taken usury and increase...

Hosea 12:7,8 He is a merchant, the balances of deceit are in his hand: he loves to oppress...

Amos 3:10 For they know not to do right, said the LORD, who store up violence and robbery in their palaces.

Amos 8:4-6 Hear this, O you that swallow up the needy, even to make the poor of the land to fail...

Micah 2:1,2,9 Woe to them that devise iniquity, and work evil on their beds! when the morning is light, they practice it...

Micah 6:10-12 Are there yet the treasures of wickedness in the house of the wicked, and the scant measure that is abominable...

Micah 7:3 That they may do evil with both hands earnestly, the prince asks, and the judge asks for a reward; and the great man...

Habakkuk 2:6-12 Shall not all these take up a parable against him, and a taunting proverb against him, and say...

Zephaniah 1:9 In the same day also will I punish all those that leap on the threshold, which fill their masters' houses with violence and deceit.

Zechariah 5:4 I will bring it forth, said the LORD of hosts, and it shall enter into the house of the thief...

Zechariah 7:9-13 Thus speaks the LORD of hosts, saying, Execute true judgment, and show mercy and compassions every man to his brother...

Malachi 3:5 And I will come near to you to judgment; and I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, and against the adulterers...

Matthew 23:14 Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you devour widows' houses, and for a pretense make long prayer...

1 Timothy 6:9 But they that will be rich fall into temptation and a snare, and into many foolish and hurtful lusts...

Titus 1:11 Whose mouths must be stopped, who subvert whole houses, teaching things which they ought not, for filthy lucre's sake.

James 5:3-5 Your gold and silver is corroded; and the rust of them shall be a witness against you, and shall eat your flesh as it were fire...

2 Peter 2:3,14 And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingers not...

shall leave.

Psalm 55:23 But you, O God, shall bring them down into the pit of destruction: bloody and deceitful men shall not live out half their days...

Proverbs 23:5 Will you set your eyes on that which is not? for riches certainly make themselves wings; they fly away as an eagle toward heaven.

Ecclesiastes 5:13-16 There is a sore evil which I have seen under the sun, namely, riches kept for the owners thereof to their hurt...

a fool.

Luke 12:20 But God said to him, You fool, this night your soul shall be required of you: then whose shall those things be...

Cross References
Luke 12:20
But God said to him, 'Fool! This night your soul is required of you, and the things you have prepared, whose will they be?'

Psalm 49:13
This is the path of those who have foolish confidence; yet after them people approve of their boasts. Selah

Jeremiah 6:13
"For from the least to the greatest of them, everyone is greedy for unjust gain; and from prophet to priest, everyone deals falsely.

Jeremiah 8:10
Therefore I will give their wives to others and their fields to conquerors, because from the least to the greatest everyone is greedy for unjust gain; from prophet to priest, everyone deals falsely.

Jeremiah 22:13
"Woe to him who builds his house by unrighteousness, and his upper rooms by injustice, who makes his neighbor serve him for nothing and does not give him his wages,

Jeremiah 22:17
But you have eyes and heart only for your dishonest gain, for shedding innocent blood, and for practicing oppression and violence."

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