Jeremiah 49:11
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Leave your fatherless children; I will keep them alive; and let your widows trust in me.”

King James Bible
Leave thy fatherless children, I will preserve them alive; and let thy widows trust in me.

American Standard Version
Leave thy fatherless children, I will preserve them alive; and let thy widows trust in me.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Leave thy fatherless children: I will make them live: and thy widows shall hope in me.

English Revised Version
Leave thy fatherless children, I will preserve them alive; and let thy widows trust in me.

Webster's Bible Translation
Leave thy fatherless children, I will preserve them alive; and let thy widows trust in me.

Jeremiah 49:11 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Thus shall the empty boasting of the Ammonites and their trust in their riches come to nothing. "Why dost thou boast of the valleys?" i.e., of the splendid fruitful valleys and plains which, being well watered, produced large crops of corn and wheat.

(Note: The lxx have in this passage, as in Jeremiah 47:5, changed עמק for ענק, and translated τὶ ἀγαλλιᾶσθε ὲν τοῖς πεδίοις ̓Εννακείμ; here it remains doubtful whether they have expressed בּעמקים or עמקך by ̓Εννακείμ. On the ground of this arbitrary paraphrase, Hitzig would at once change עמקים into ענקים, without considering that the giant races of that region, to which Og the king of Bashan had also belonged (Deuteronomy 3:11), were not called ענקים at all, but זמזמּים by the Ammonites, and אימים by the Moabites (Deuteronomy 2:10, Deuteronomy 2:20).)

זב is viewed by some as an antithesis to what immediately precedes: "thy valley flows, sc. with the blood of the slain" (Rosenm׬ller and Gesenius still view it thus); or, "it flows away," i.e., thy valley (viz., its inhabitants) is scattered, dispersed. But it is quite arbitrary to supply "with blood;" and even the other explanation - which Hitzig justifies on the ground that valley or river-bottom stands for what it contains, i.e., the inhabitants of the valley, and that the population is represented under the figure of a mass of water running, flowing away - is very far-fetched. The words cannot form an antithesis to what precedes (because the description of the confidence shown is still continued, and the antithesis does not follow till Jeremiah 49:5), but merely a further extension of the preceding clause. We may, then, either translate, "thy valley flows, overflows," so that the words shall be subordinated to what precedes; or we may take זב, with Ewald and Graf, as a noun, in which case we must repeat the preposition בּ, "the abundance of thy valley." The singular, "thy valley," means, together with the other valleys of the country, perhaps the valley of Rabbah; for Ammn lies in a broad valley along with banks of the Moiet Ammn, which has its source in a pool two hundred paces from the south-west end of the city (Burckhardt's Syria, p. 355). Regarding the vicinity, Abulfeda writes (Tabulae Syr. ed. Mich. p. 92), circumjecta regio arva sativa sunt ac terra bona et abundans. The direct address, "O rebellious daughter," used of Israel in Jeremiah 31:22, is here transferred to the inhabitants of Rabbah, with reference to the fact that the Ammonites, denying their descent from Lot, behaved like enemies towards Jahveh and His people. In trusting their riches, they are like the Moabites, Jeremiah 48:7. In this confidence they said, "Who will come unto us?" i.e., attack us as enemies. Thereupon the Lord replies, "I will bring on thee fear, terror from all that is round thee," all the nations that dwell about thee (cf. Jeremiah 48:17, Jeremiah 48:39), whose distress or overthrow will put thee in terror. אישׁ equals אישׁ לפניו, "every one before him" (cf. Joshua 6:5; Amos 4:3), without looking about him, or turning round (cf. Jeremiah 46:5), i.e., in the most precipitate flight, with no one to rally the fugitives. לנּדר is collective.

Jeremiah 49:11 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

thy fatherless

Deuteronomy 10:18 He does execute the judgment of the fatherless and widow, and loves the stranger, in giving him food and raiment.

Psalm 10:14-18 You have seen it; for you behold mischief and spite, to requite it with your hand: the poor commits himself to you...

Psalm 68:5 A father of the fatherless, and a judge of the widows, is God in his holy habitation.

Psalm 82:3 Defend the poor and fatherless: do justice to the afflicted and needy.

Psalm 146:9 The LORD preserves the strangers; he relieves the fatherless and widow: but the way of the wicked he turns upside down.

Proverbs 23:10,11 Remove not the old landmark; and enter not into the fields of the fatherless...

Hosea 14:3 Asshur shall not save us; we will not ride on horses: neither will we say any more to the work of our hands, You are our gods...

Jonah 4:11 And should not I spare Nineveh, that great city...

Malachi 3:5 And I will come near to you to judgment; and I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, and against the adulterers...

James 1:27 Pure religion and undefiled before God and the Father is this, To visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction...

let thy

1 Timothy 5:5 Now she that is a widow indeed, and desolate, trusts in God, and continues in supplications and prayers night and day.

Cross References
Psalm 68:5
Father of the fatherless and protector of widows is God in his holy habitation.

Hosea 14:3
Assyria shall not save us; we will not ride on horses; and we will say no more, 'Our God,' to the work of our hands. In you the orphan finds mercy."

Zechariah 7:10
do not oppress the widow, the fatherless, the sojourner, or the poor, and let none of you devise evil against another in your heart."

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