Job 12:20
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
He deprives of speech those who are trusted and takes away the discernment of the elders.

King James Bible
He removeth away the speech of the trusty, and taketh away the understanding of the aged.

American Standard Version
He removeth the speech of the trusty, And taketh away the understanding of the elders.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He changeth the speech of the true speakers, and taketh away the doctrine of the aged.

English Revised Version
He removeth the speech of the trusty, and taketh away the understanding of the elders.

Webster's Bible Translation
He removeth away the speech of the trusty, and taketh away the understanding of the aged.

Job 12:20 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

14 Behold, He breaketh down and it cannot be built again,

He shutteth up, and it cannot be opened.

15 Behold, He restraineth the waters and they dry up,

And He letteth them out and they overturn the earth.

16 With Him is might and existence,

The erring and the deceiver are His.

God is almighty, and everything in opposition to Him powerless. If He break down (any structure whatever), it can never be rebuilt; should He close upon any one (i.e., the dungeon, as perhaps a cistern covered with a stone, Lamentations 3:53, comp. Jeremiah 38:6; על with reference to the depth of the dungeon, instead of the usual בּעד), it (that which is closed from above) cannot be opened again. In like manner, when He desires to punish a land, He disposes the elements according to His will and pleasure, by bringing upon it drought or flood. יעצר, coercet, according to the correct Masoretic mode of writing יעצר with dagesh in the Ssade, in order clearly to distinguish in the pronunciation between the forms j'a-ssor and jaa'ssor (יעצר);

(Note: Vid., my notice of Br's Psalter-Ausgabe, Luth. Zeitschr. 1863, 3; and comp. Keil on Leviticus 4:13 (Comm on Pent., Clark's transl.).)

ויבשׁוּ (for which Abulwalid writes ויבשׁוּ) is a defective form of writing according to Ges. 69, 3, 3; the form ויהפכוּ with the similarly pointed fut. consec., 1 Samuel 25:12, form a pair (zuwg) noted by the Masora. By תּוּשׁיּה, which is ascribed to God, is here to be understood that which really exists, the real, the objective, knowledge resting on an objective actual basis, in contrast with what only appears to be; so that consequently the idea of Job 12:16 and Job 12:13 is somewhat veiled; for the primary notion of חכמה is thickness, solidity, purity, like πυκνότης.

(Note: The primary notion of חכם, Arab. hkm, is, to be thick, firm, solid, as the prim. notion of Arab. sachfa (to be foolish, silly) is to be thin, loose, not holding together (as a bad texture). The same fundamental notions are represented in the expression of moral qualities (in distinction from intellectual) by צדק, Arab. sdq, and רשׁע, (Arab. rs', rsg).)

This strophe closes like the preceding, which favours our division. The line with עמּו is followed by one with לו, which affirms that, in the supremacy of His rule and the wisdom of His counsels, God makes evil in every form subservient to His designs.

Job 12:20 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the speech of the trusty. Heb. the lip of the faithful

Proverbs 10:21 The lips of the righteous feed many: but fools die for want of wisdom.

Proverbs 12:19,22 The lip of truth shall be established for ever: but a lying tongue is but for a moment...

taketh

Job 12:24 He takes away the heart of the chief of the people of the earth, and causes them to wander in a wilderness where there is no way.

Job 17:4 For you have hid their heart from understanding: therefore shall you not exalt them.

Job 32:9 Great men are not always wise: neither do the aged understand judgment.

Job 39:17 Because God has deprived her of wisdom, neither has he imparted to her understanding.

Isaiah 3:1-3 For, behold, the Lord, the LORD of hosts, does take away from Jerusalem and from Judah the stay and the staff, the whole stay of bread...

Cross References
Job 12:24
He takes away understanding from the chiefs of the people of the earth and makes them wander in a trackless waste.

Job 17:4
Since you have closed their hearts to understanding, therefore you will not let them triumph.

Job 32:9
It is not the old who are wise, nor the aged who understand what is right.

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