Job 13:24
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Why do you hide your face and count me as your enemy?

King James Bible
Wherefore hidest thou thy face, and holdest me for thine enemy?

American Standard Version
Wherefore hidest thou thy face, And holdest me for thine enemy?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Why hidest thou thy face, and thinkest me thy enemy?

English Revised Version
Wherefore hidest thou thy face, and holdest me for thine enemy?

Webster's Bible Translation
Why hidest thou thy face, and holdest me for thy enemy?

Job 13:24 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

17 Hear, O hear my confession,

And let my declaration echo in your ears.

18 Behold now! I have arranged the cause,

I know that I shall maintain the right.

19 Who then can contend with me?

Then, indeed, I would be silent and expire.

Eager for the accomplishment of his wish that he might himself take his cause before God, and as though in imagination it were so, he invites the friends to be present to hear his defence of himself. מלּה (in Arabic directly used for confession equals religion) is the confession which he will lay down, and אחוה the declaration that he will make in evidence, i.e., the proof of his innocence. The latter substantive, which signifies brotherly conduct in post-biblical Hebrew, is here an ἅπ. λεγ. from חוה, not however with Aleph prostheticum from Kal, but after the form אזכּרה equals הזכּרה, from the Aphl equals Hiphil of this verb, which, except Psalm 19:3, occurs only in the book of Job as Hebrew (comp. the n. actionis, אחויה, Daniel 5:12), Ewald, 156, c. It is unnecessary to carry the שׁמעוּ on to Job 13:17 (hear now ... with your own ears, as e.g., Jeremiah 26:11); Job 13:17 is an independent substantival clause like Job 15:11; Isaiah 5:9, which carries in itself the verbal idea of תּהי or תּבא (Psalm 18:7). They shall hear, for on his part he has arranged, i.e., prepared (משׁפּט ערך, causam instruere, as Job 23:4, comp. Job 33:5) the cause, so that the action can begin forthwith; and he knows that he, he and no one else, will be found in the right. With the conviction of this superiority, he exclaims, Who in all the world could contend with him, i.e., advance valid arguments against his defence of himself? Then, indeed, if this impossibility should happen, he would be dumb, and willingly die as one completely overpowered not merely in outward appearance, but in reality vanquished. יריב עמדי following הוא מי (comp. Job 4:7) may be taken as an elliptical relative clause: qui litigare possit mecum (comp. Isaiah 50:9 with Romans 8:34, τίς ὁ καταδρίνων); but since זה הוא מי is also used in the sense of quis tandem or ecquisnam, this syntactic connection which certainly did exist (Ewald, 325, a) is obliterated, and הוא serves like זה only to give intensity and vividness to the מי. On עתּה כּי (in meaning not different to אז כּי), vid., Job 3:13; Job 8:6. In Job 13:19 that is granted as possible which, according to the declaration of his conscience, Job must consider as absolutely impossible. Therefore he clings to the desire of being able to bring his cause before God, and becomes more and more absorbed in the thought.

Job 13:24 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

hidest thou

Job 10:2 I will say to God, Do not condemn me; show me why you contend with me.

Job 29:2,3 Oh that I were as in months past, as in the days when God preserved me...

Deuteronomy 32:20 And he said, I will hide my face from them, I will see what their end shall be: for they are a very fraudulent generation...

Psalm 10:1 Why stand you afar off, O LORD? why hide you yourself in times of trouble?

Psalm 13:1 How long will you forget me, O LORD? for ever? how long will you hide your face from me?

Psalm 44:24 Why hide you your face, and forget our affliction and our oppression?

Psalm 77:6-9 I call to remembrance my song in the night: I commune with my own heart: and my spirit made diligent search...

Psalm 88:14 LORD, why cast you off my soul? why hide you your face from me?

Isaiah 8:17 And I will wait on the LORD, that hides his face from the house of Jacob, and I will look for him.

holdest me

Job 16:9 He tears me in his wrath, who hates me: he gnashes on me with his teeth; my enemy sharpens his eyes on me.

Job 19:11 He has also kindled his wrath against me, and he counts me to him as one of his enemies.

Job 30:21 You are become cruel to me: with your strong hand you oppose yourself against me.

Job 31:35 Oh that one would hear me! behold, my desire is, that the Almighty would answer me, and that my adversary had written a book.

Job 33:10 Behold, he finds occasions against me, he counts me for his enemy,

1 Samuel 28:16 Then said Samuel, Why then do you ask of me, seeing the LORD is departed from you, and is become your enemy?

Lamentations 2:5 The LORD was as an enemy: he has swallowed up Israel, he has swallowed up all her palaces: he has destroyed his strong holds...

2 Thessalonians 3:15 Yet count him not as an enemy, but admonish him as a brother.

Cross References
Job 16:9
He has torn me in his wrath and hated me; he has gnashed his teeth at me; my adversary sharpens his eyes against me.

Job 19:11
He has kindled his wrath against me and counts me as his adversary.

Job 19:22
Why do you, like God, pursue me? Why are you not satisfied with my flesh?

Job 33:10
Behold, he finds occasions against me, he counts me as his enemy,

Psalm 13:1
How long, O LORD? Will you forget me forever? How long will you hide your face from me?

Psalm 44:24
Why do you hide your face? Why do you forget our affliction and oppression?

Psalm 88:14
O LORD, why do you cast my soul away? Why do you hide your face from me?

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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