Job 16:10
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Men have gaped at me with their mouth; they have struck me insolently on the cheek; they mass themselves together against me.

King James Bible
They have gaped upon me with their mouth; they have smitten me upon the cheek reproachfully; they have gathered themselves together against me.

American Standard Version
They have gaped upon me with their mouth; They have smitten me upon the cheek reproachfully: They gather themselves together against me.

Douay-Rheims Bible
They have opened their mouths upon me, and reproaching me they have struck me on the cheek, they are filled with my pains.

English Revised Version
They have gaped upon me with their mouth; they have smitten me upon the cheek reproachfully: they gather themselves together against me.

Webster's Bible Translation
They have gaped upon me with their mouth; they have smitten me upon the cheek reproachfully; they have gathered themselves against me.

Job 16:10 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

1 Then began Job, and said:

2 I have now heard such things in abundance,

Troublesome comforters are ye all!

3 Are windy words now at an end,

Or what goadeth thee that thou answerest?

4 I also would speak like you,

If only your soul were in my soul's stead.

I would weave words against you,

And shake my head at you;

5 I would encourage you with my mouth,

And the solace of my lips should soothe you.

The speech of Eliphaz, as of the other two, is meant to be comforting. It is, however, primarily an accusation; it wounds instead of soothing. Of this kind of speech, says Job, one has now heard רבּות, much, i.e., (in a pregnant sense) amply sufficient, although the word might signify elliptically (Psalm 106:43; comp. Nehemiah 9:28) many times (Jer. frequenter); multa (as Job 23:14) is, however, equally suitable, and therefore is to be preferred as the more natural. Job 16:2 shows how כּאלּה is intended; they are altogether עמל מנחמי, consolatores onerosi (Jer.), such as, instead of alleviating, only cause עמל, molestiam (comp. on Job 13:4). In Job 16:3 Job returns their reproach of being windy, i.e., one without any purpose and substance, which they brought against him, Job 15:2.: have windy words an end, or (לו vel equals אם in a disjunctive question, Ges. 155, 2, b) if not, what goads thee on to reply? מרץ has been already discussed on Job 6:25. The Targ. takes it in the sense of מלץ: what makes it sweet to thee, etc.; the Jewish interpreters give it, without any proof, the signification, to be strong; the lxx transl. παρενοχλήσει, which is not transparent. Hirz., Ew., Schlottm., and others, call in the help of the Arabic marida (Aramaic מרע), to be sick, the IV. form of which signifies "to make sick," not "to injure."

(Note: The primary meaning of Arabic marida (root mr, stringere) is maceratum esse, by pressing, rubbing, beating, to be tender, enervated (Germ. dialectic and popul. abmaracht); comp. the nearest related maratsa, then maraza, marasa, maraa, and further, the development of the meaning of morbus and μαλαακία; - originally and first, of bodily sickness, then also of diseased affections and conditions of spirit, as envy, hatred, malice, etc.; vid., Sur. 2, v. 9, and Beidhwi thereon. - Fl.)

We keep to the primary meaning, to pierce, penetrate; Hiph. to goad, bring out, lacessere: what incites thee, that (כי as Job 6:11, quod not quum) thou repliest again? The collective thought of what follows is not that he also, if they were in his place, could do as they have done; that he, however, would not so act (thus e.g., Blumenfeld: with reasons for comfort I would overwhelm you, and sympathizingly shake my head over you, etc.). This rendering is destroyed by the shaking of the head, which is never a gesture of pure compassion, but always of malignant joy, Sir. 12:18; or of mockery at another's fall, Isaiah 37:22; and misfortune, Psalm 22:8; Jeremiah 18:16; Matthew 27:39. Hence Merc. considers the antithesis to begin with Job 16:5, where, however, there is nothing to indicate it: minime id facerem, quin potius vos confirmarem ore meo - rather: that he also could display the same miserable consolation; he represents to them a change of their respective positions, in order that, as in a mirror, they may recognise the hatefulness of their conduct. The negative antecedent clause si essem (with לוּ, according to Ges. 155, 2, f) is surrounded by cohortatives, which (since the interrogative form of interpretation is inadmissible) signify not only loquerer, but loqui possem, or rather loqui vellem (comp. e.g., Psalm 51:18, dare vellem). When he says: I would range together, etc. (Carey: I would combine), he gives them to understand that their speeches are more artificial than natural, more declamations than the outgushings of the heart; instead of מלּים, it is בּמלּים, since the object of the action is thought is as the means, as in Job 16:4 ראשׁי במּו, capite meo (for caput meum, Psalm 22:8), and בּפיהם, Job 16:10, for פּיּהם, comp. Jeremiah 18:16; Lamentations 1:17, Ges. 138† ; Ew. takes חהביר by comparison of the Arabic chbr, to know (the IV. form of which, achbara, however, signifies to cause to know, announce), in a sense that belongs neither to the Heb. nor to the Arab.: to affect wisdom. In Job 16:5 the chief stress is upon "with my mouth," without the heart being there, so also on the word "my lips," solace (ניד ἅπ. λεγ., recalling Isaiah 57:19, ניב שׂפתים, offspring or fruit of the lips) of my lips, i.e., dwelling only on the lips, and not coming from the heart. In ''אאמּצכם (Piel, not Hiph.) the Ssere is shortened to Chirek (Ges. 60, rem. 4). According to Job 16:6, כאבכם is to be supplied to יחשׂך. He also could offer such superficial condolence without the sympathy which places itself in the condition and mood of the sufferer, and desires to afford that relief which it cannot. And yet how urgently did he need right and effectual consolation! He is not able to console himself, as the next strophe says: neither by words nor by silence is his pain assuaged.

Job 16:10 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

gaped

Psalm 22:13,16,17 They gaped on me with their mouths, as a ravening and a roaring lion...

Psalm 35:21 Yes, they opened their mouth wide against me, and said, Aha, aha, our eye has seen it.

Luke 23:35,36 And the people stood beholding. And the rulers also with them derided him, saying, He saved others; let him save himself...

they have smitten

1 Kings 22:24 But Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah went near, and smote Micaiah on the cheek, and said...

2 Chronicles 18:23 Then Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah came near, and smote Micaiah on the cheek, and said...

Isaiah 50:6 I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair: I hid not my face from shame and spitting.

Lamentations 3:30 He gives his cheek to him that smites him: he is filled full with reproach.

Micah 5:1 Now gather yourself in troops, O daughter of troops: he has laid siege against us...

Matthew 26:67 Then did they spit in his face, and buffeted him; and others smote him with the palms of their hands,

John 18:22 And when he had thus spoken, one of the officers which stood by struck Jesus with the palm of his hand, saying...

Acts 23:2 And the high priest Ananias commanded them that stood by him to smite him on the mouth.

2 Corinthians 11:20 For you suffer, if a man bring you into bondage, if a man devour you, if a man take of you, if a man exalt himself...

gathered

Psalm 35:15 But in my adversity they rejoiced, and gathered themselves together: yes, the attackers gathered themselves together against me...

Psalm 94:21 They gather themselves together against the soul of the righteous, and condemn the innocent blood.

Acts 4:27 For of a truth against your holy child Jesus, whom you have anointed, both Herod, and Pontius Pilate, with the Gentiles...

Cross References
Acts 23:2
And the high priest Ananias commanded those who stood by him to strike him on the mouth.

Job 16:11
God gives me up to the ungodly and casts me into the hands of the wicked.

Job 30:12
On my right hand the rabble rise; they push away my feet; they cast up against me their ways of destruction.

Psalm 3:7
Arise, O LORD! Save me, O my God! For you strike all my enemies on the cheek; you break the teeth of the wicked.

Psalm 22:13
they open wide their mouths at me, like a ravening and roaring lion.

Psalm 35:15
But at my stumbling they rejoiced and gathered; they gathered together against me; wretches whom I did not know tore at me without ceasing;

Psalm 35:21
They open wide their mouths against me; they say, "Aha, Aha! Our eyes have seen it!"

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