Job 20:5
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
that the exulting of the wicked is short, and the joy of the godless but for a moment?

King James Bible
That the triumphing of the wicked is short, and the joy of the hypocrite but for a moment?

American Standard Version
That the triumphing of the wicked is short, And the joy of the godless but for a moment?

Douay-Rheims Bible
that the praise of the wicked is short, and the joy of the hypocrite but for a moment.

English Revised Version
That the triumphing of the wicked is short, and the joy of the godless but for a moment?

Webster's Bible Translation
That the triumphing of the wicked is short, and the joy of the hypocrite but for a moment?

Job 20:5 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

26 And after my skin, thus torn to pieces,

And without my flesh shall I behold Eloah,

27 Whom I shall behold for my good,

And mine eyes shall see Him and no other -

My veins languish in my bosom.

28 Ye think: "How shall we persecute him?"

Since the root of the matter is found in me -

29 Therefore be ye afraid of the sword,

For wrath meeteth the transgressions of the sword,

That ye may know there is a judgment!

If we have correctly understood על־עפר,Job 19:25, we cannot in this speech find that the hope of a bodily recovery is expressed. In connection with this rendering, the oldest representative of which is Chrysostom, מבּשׂרי is translated either: free from my flesh equals having become a skeleton (Umbr., Hirz., and Stickel, in comm. in Iobi loc. de Gole, 1832, and in the transl., Gleiss, Hlgst., Renan), but this מבשׂרי, if the מן is taken as privative, can signify nothing else but fleshless equals bodiless; or: from my flesh, i.e., the flesh when made whole again (viz., Eichhorn in the Essay, which has exercised considerable influence, to his Allg. Bibl. d. bibl. Lit. i. 3, 1787, von Clln, BCr., Knapp, von Hofm.,

(Note: Von Hofmann (Schriftbeweis, ii. 2, 503) translates: "I know, however, my Redeemer is living, and hereafter He will stand forth which must have been יעמד instead of יקום] upon the earth and after my skin, this surrounding (נקּפוּ, Chaldaism, instead of נקּפוּת after the form עקּשׁוּת), and from my flesh shall I behold God, whom I shall behold for myself, and my eyes see [Him], and He is not strange.")

and others), but hereby the relation of Job 19:26 to Job 19:26 becomes a contrast, without there being anything to indicate it. Moreover, this rendering, as מבשׂרי may also be explained, is in itself contrary to the spirit and plan of the book; for the character of Job's present state of mind is, that he looks for certain death, and will hear nothing of the consolation of recovery (Job 17:10-16), which sounds to him as mere mockery; that he, however, notwithstanding, does not despair of God, but, by the consciousness of his innocence and the uncharitableness of the friends, is more and more impelled from the God of wrath and caprice to the God of love, his future Redeemer; and that then, when at the end of the course of suffering the actual proof of God's love breaks through the seeming manifestation of wrath, even that which Job had not ventured to hope is realized: a return of temporal prosperity beyond his entreaty and comprehension.

On the other hand, the mode of interpretation of the older translators and expositors, who find an expression of the hope of a resurrection at the end of the preceding strophe or the beginning of this, cannot be accepted. The lxx, by reading יקים instead of יקום, and connecting יקים עורי נקפו זאת, translates: ἀναστήσει δὲ (Cod. Vat. only ἀναστῆσαι) μου τὸ σῶμα (Cod. Vat. τὸ δέρμα μου) τὸ ἀναντλοῦν μοι (Cod. Vat. om. μοι) ταῦτα, - but how can any one's skin be said to awake (Italic: super terram resurget cutis mea),

continued...

Job 20:5 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the triumphing

Job 5:3 I have seen the foolish taking root: but suddenly I cursed his habitation.

Job 15:29-34 He shall not be rich, neither shall his substance continue, neither shall he prolong the perfection thereof on the earth...

Job 18:5,6 Yes, the light of the wicked shall be put out, and the spark of his fire shall not shine...

Job 27:13-23 This is the portion of a wicked man with God, and the heritage of oppressors, which they shall receive of the Almighty...

Exodus 15:9,10 The enemy said, I will pursue, I will overtake, I will divide the spoil; my lust shall be satisfied on them; I will draw my sword...

Judges 16:21-30 But the Philistines took him, and put out his eyes, and brought him down to Gaza, and bound him with fetters of brass...

Esther 5:11,12 And Haman told them of the glory of his riches, and the multitude of his children, and all the things wherein the king had promoted him...

Esther 7:10 So they hanged Haman on the gallows that he had prepared for Mordecai. Then was the king's wrath pacified.

Psalm 37:35,36 I have seen the wicked in great power, and spreading himself like a green bay tree...

Psalm 73:18-20 Surely you did set them in slippery places: you cast them down into destruction...

Acts 12:22,23 And the people gave a shout, saying, It is the voice of a god, and not of a man...

short. Heb. from near. the joy

Job 8:19 Behold, this is the joy of his way, and out of the earth shall others grow.

Job 27:8 For what is the hope of the hypocrite, though he has gained, when God takes away his soul?

Matthew 7:21 Not every one that said to me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven...

Matthew 13:20,21 But he that received the seed into stony places, the same is he that hears the word, and immediately with joy receives it...

Galatians 6:4 But let every man prove his own work, and then shall he have rejoicing in himself alone, and not in another.

James 4:16 But now you rejoice in your boastings: all such rejoicing is evil.

Cross References
Job 8:12
While yet in flower and not cut down, they wither before any other plant.

Job 8:13
Such are the paths of all who forget God; the hope of the godless shall perish.

Job 8:19
Behold, this is the joy of his way, and out of the soil others will spring.

Job 34:30
that a godless man should not reign, that he should not ensnare the people.

Psalm 37:35
I have seen a wicked, ruthless man, spreading himself like a green laurel tree.

Psalm 37:36
But he passed away, and behold, he was no more; though I sought him, he could not be found.

Psalm 94:3
O LORD, how long shall the wicked, how long shall the wicked exult?

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