Job 30:25
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Did not I weep for him whose day was hard? Was not my soul grieved for the needy?

King James Bible
Did not I weep for him that was in trouble? was not my soul grieved for the poor?

American Standard Version
Did not I weep for him that was in trouble? Was not my soul grieved for the needy?

Douay-Rheims Bible
I wept heretofore for him that was afflicted, and my soul had compassion on the poor.

English Revised Version
Did not I weep for him that was in trouble? was not my soul grieved for the needy?

Webster's Bible Translation
Did not I weep for him that was in trouble? was not my soul grieved for the poor?

Job 30:25 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

16 And now my soul is poured out within me,

Days of suffering hold me fast.

17 The night rendeth my bones from me,

And my gnawers sleep not.

18 By great force my garment is distorted,

As the collar of my shirt it encompasseth me.

19 He hath cast me into the mire,

And I am in appearance as dust and ashes.

With this third ועתּה (Job 30:1, Job 30:9) the elegiac lament over the harsh contrast between the present and the past begins for the third time. The dash after our translation of the second and fourth strophes will indicate that a division of the elegy ends there, after which it begins as it were anew. The soul is poured out within a man (עלי as Job 10:1, Psychol. S. 152), when, "yielding itself without resistance to sadness, it is dejected to the very bottom, and all its organization flows together, and it is dissolved in the one condition of sorrow" - a figure which is not, however, come about by water being regarded as the symbol of the soul (thus Hitzig on Psalm 42:5), but rather by the intimate resemblance of the representation of a flood of tears (Lamentations 2:19): the life of the soul flows in the blood, and the anguish of the soul in tears and lamentations; and since the outward man is as it were dissolved in the gently flowing tears (Isaiah 15:3), his soul flows away as it were in itself, for the outward incident is but the manifestation and result of an inward action. ימי־עני we have translated days of suffering, for עני, with its verb and the rest of its derivatives, is the proper word for suffering, and especially the passion of the Servant of Jehovah. Days of suffering - Job complains - hold him fast; עחז unites in itself, like החזיק, the significations prehendere and prehensum tenere. In Job 30:17 we must not, with Arnh. and others, translate: by night it (affliction) pierces ... , for עני does not stand sufficiently in the foreground to be the subject of what follows; it might sooner be rendered: by night it is pierced through (Targ., Rosenm., Hahn); but why is not לילה to be the subject, and נקּר consequently Piel (not Niph.)? The night has been personified already, Job 3:2; and in general, as Herder once said, Job is the brother of Ossian for personifications: Night (the restless night, Job 7:3, in which every malady, or at least the painful feeling of it, increases) pierces his bones from him, i.e., roots out his limbs (synon. בּדּים, Job 18:13) so inwardly and completely. The lepra Arabica (Arab. 'l-brṣ, el-baras) terminates, like syphilis, with an eating away of the limbs, and the disease has its name Arab. juḏâm from jḏm, truncare, mutilare: it feeds on the bones, and destroys the body in such a manner that single limbs are completely detached.

In Job 30:17, lxx (νεῦρα), Parchon, Kimchi, and others translate ערקי according to the Targum. ערקין ( equals גּידים), and the Arab. ‛rûq, veins, after which Blumenf.: my veins are in constant motion. But ערקי in the sense of Job 30:3 : my gnawers (Jer. qui me comedunt, Targ. דּמעסּן יתי, qui me conculcant, conterunt), is far more in accordance with the predicate and the parallelism, whether it be gnawing pains that are thought of - pains are unnatural to man, they come upon him against his will, he separates them from himself as wild beasts - or, which we prefer, those worms (רמּה, Job 7:5) which were formed in Job's ulcers (comp. Aruch, ערקא, a leech, plur. ערקתא, worms, e.g., in the liver), and which in the extra-biblical tradition of Job's decease are such a standing feature, that the pilgrims to Job's monastery even now-a-days take away with them thence these supposedly petrified worms of Job.

(Note: In Mugir ed-dn's large history of Jerusalem and Hebron (kitâb el-ins el-gelı̂l), in an article on Job, we read: God had so visited him in his body, that he got the disease that devours the limbs (tegedhdhem), and worms were produced (dawwad) in the wounds, while he lay on a dunghill (mezbele), and except his wife, who tended him, no one ventured to come too near him. In a beautiful Kurdic ballad "on the basket dealer" (zembilfrosh), which I have obtained from the Kurds in Salihje, are these words:

Veki Gergis beshara beri

Jusuf veki abdan keri

Bikesr' Ejub kurman deri

continued...

Job 30:25 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Did not I

Psalm 35:13,14 But as for me, when they were sick, my clothing was sackcloth: I humbled my soul with fasting...

Jeremiah 13:17 But if you will not hear it, my soul shall weep in secret places for your pride; and my eye shall weep sore, and run down with tears...

Jeremiah 18:20 Shall evil be recompensed for good? for they have dig a pit for my soul. Remember that I stood before you to speak good for them...

Luke 19:41 And when he was come near, he beheld the city, and wept over it,

John 11:35 Jesus wept.

Romans 12:15 Rejoice with them that do rejoice, and weep with them that weep.

in trouble. Heb. hard of day. was

Job 31:16-21 If I have withheld the poor from their desire, or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail...

Psalm 12:1 Help, LORD; for the godly man ceases; for the faithful fail from among the children of men.

Proverbs 14:21,31 He that despises his neighbor sins: but he that has mercy on the poor, happy is he...

Proverbs 17:5 Whoever mocks the poor reproaches his Maker: and he that is glad at calamities shall not be unpunished.

Proverbs 19:17 He that has pity on the poor lends to the LORD; and that which he has given will he pay him again.

Proverbs 28:8 He that by usury and unjust gain increases his substance, he shall gather it for him that will pity the poor.

Isaiah 58:7,8 Is it not to deal your bread to the hungry, and that you bring the poor that are cast out to your house? when you see the naked...

Daniel 4:27 Why, O king, let my counsel be acceptable to you, and break off your sins by righteousness...

2 Corinthians 9:9 (As it is written, He has dispersed abroad; he has given to the poor: his righteousness remains for ever.

Cross References
Romans 12:15
Rejoice with those who rejoice, weep with those who weep.

Job 24:4
They thrust the poor off the road; the poor of the earth all hide themselves.

Psalm 35:13
But I, when they were sick-- I wore sackcloth; I afflicted myself with fasting; I prayed with head bowed on my chest.

Psalm 35:14
I went about as though I grieved for my friend or my brother; as one who laments his mother, I bowed down in mourning.

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