Job 33:21
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
His flesh is so wasted away that it cannot be seen, and his bones that were not seen stick out.

King James Bible
His flesh is consumed away, that it cannot be seen; and his bones that were not seen stick out.

American Standard Version
His flesh is consumed away, that it cannot be seen; And his bones that were not seen stick out.

Douay-Rheims Bible
His flesh shall be consumed away, and his bones that were covered shall be made bare.

English Revised Version
His flesh is consumed away, that it cannot be seen; and his bones that were not seen stick out.

Webster's Bible Translation
His flesh is consumed away, that it cannot be seen; and his bones that were not seen stick out.

Job 33:21 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Elihu now describes the first mode in which God speaks to man: He Himself comes forward as a witness in man's sleep, He makes use of dreams or dream-like visions, which come upon one suddenly within the realm of nocturnal thought (vid., Psychol. S. 282f.), as a medium of revelation - a usual form of divine revelation, especially in the heathen world, to which positive revelation is wanting. The reading בּחזיון (Codd., lxx, Syr., Symm., Jer.), as also the accentuation of the בחלום with Mehupach Legarme, proceeds from the correct assumption, that vision of the night and dream are not coincident notions; moreover, the detailing Job 33:15, is formed according to Job 4:13. In this condition of deep or half sleep, revelat aurem hominum, a phrase used of the preparation of the ear for the purpose of hearing by the removal of hindrances, and, in general, of confidential communication, therefore: He opens the ear of men, and seals their admonition, i.e., the admonition that is wholesome and necessary for them. Elihu uses חתם בּ here and Job 37:7 as חתם בּעד is used in Job 9:7 : to seal anything (to seal up), comp. Arab. ḥı̂m, σφραγίζειν, in the sense of infallible attestation and confirmation (John 6:27), especially (with Arab. b) of divine revelation or inspiration, distinct in meaning from Arab. chtm, σφραγίζειν, in the proper sense. Elihu means that by such dreams and visions, as rare overpowering facts not to be forgotten, God puts the seal upon the warning directed to them which, sent forth in any other way, would make no such impression. Most ancient versions (also Luther) translate as though it were יחתּם (lxx ἐξεφόβησεν αὐτούς). מסר is a secondary form to מוּסר, Job 36:10, which occurs only here. Next comes the fuller statement of the object of the admonition or warning delivered in such an impressive manner. According to the text before us, it is to be explained: in order that man may remove (put from himself) mischief from himself (Ges. 133, 3); but this inconvenient change of subject is avoided, if we supply a מ to the second, and read אדם ממעשׂה, as lxx ἀποστρέψαι ἄνθρωπον ἀπὸ ἀδικίας αὐτοῦ (which does not necessarily presuppose the reading ממעשׂהו), Targ. ab opere malo; Jer. not so good; ab his quae fecit. מעשׂה signifies facinus, an evil deed, as 1 Samuel 20:19, and פּעל, Job 36:9, evil-doing. The infin. constr. now passes into the v. fin., which would be very liable to misconstruction with different subjects: and in order that He (God) may conceal arrogance from man, i.e., altogether remove from him, unaccustom him to, render him weary of. the sin of pride (גּוה from גּוה equals גּאה, as Job 22:29, according to Ges., Ew., Olsh., for גּאוה equals גּאוה). Here everything in thought and expression is peculiar. Also חיּה, Job 33:18 (as Job 33:22, Job 33:28), for חיּים rof ,) (Job 33:30) does not occur elsewhere in the book of Job, and the phrase עבר בּשּׁלח here and Job 36:12 (comp. עבר בּשּׁחת, Job 33:28) nowhere else in the Old Testament. שׁלח (Arab. silâh, a weapon of offence, opp. metâ‛, a weapon of defence) is the engine for shooting, from שׁלח, emmittere, to shoot; and עבר בשׁלח is equivalent to נפל בעד השׁלח ot tnelaviuqe s, Joel 2:8, to pass away by (precipitate one's self into) the weapon for shooting. To deliver man from sin, viz., sins of carnal security and imaginary self-importance, and at the same time from an early death, whether natural or violent, this is the disciplinary design which God has in view in connection with this first mode of speaking to him; but there is also a second mode.

Job 33:21 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

His flesh

Job 7:5 My flesh is clothed with worms and clods of dust; my skin is broken, and become loathsome.

Job 13:28 And he, as a rotten thing, consumes, as a garment that is moth eaten.

Job 14:20,22 You prevail for ever against him, and he passes: you change his countenance, and send him away...

Job 19:20 My bone sticks to my skin and to my flesh, and I am escaped with the skin of my teeth.

Psalm 32:3,4 When I kept silence, my bones waxed old through my roaring all the day long...

Psalm 39:11 When you with rebukes do correct man for iniquity, you make his beauty to consume away like a moth: surely every man is vanity. Selah.

Psalm 102:3-5 For my days are consumed like smoke, and my bones are burned as an hearth...

Proverbs 5:11 And you mourn at the last, when your flesh and your body are consumed,

his bones

Psalm 22:15-17 My strength is dried up like a potsherd; and my tongue sticks to my jaws; and you have brought me into the dust of death...

Cross References
Job 16:8
And he has shriveled me up, which is a witness against me, and my leanness has risen up against me; it testifies to my face.

Job 19:20
My bones stick to my skin and to my flesh, and I have escaped by the skin of my teeth.

Psalm 22:17
I can count all my bones-- they stare and gloat over me;

Psalm 102:5
Because of my loud groaning my bones cling to my flesh.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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