Job 34:23
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
For God has no need to consider a man further, that he should go before God in judgment.

King James Bible
For he will not lay upon man more than right; that he should enter into judgment with God.

American Standard Version
For he needeth not further to consider a man, That he should go before God in judgment.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For it is no longer in the power of man to enter into judgment with God.

English Revised Version
For he needeth not further to consider a man, that he should go before God in judgment.

Webster's Bible Translation
For he will not lay upon man more than right; that he should enter into judgment with God.

Job 34:23 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

16 And oh understand now, hear this;

Hearken to the sound of my words.

17 Would one who hateth right also be able to subdue?

Or wilt thou condemn the All-just?

18 Is it becoming to say to a king: Worthless One!?

Thou evil-doer! to princes?

19 To Him who accepteth not the person of rulers,

And regardeth not the noble before the poor:

For they are all the work of His hands.

20 In a moment they die, and at midnight

The people are overthrown and perish,

And they put aside the mighty - not by the hand of man.

This strophe contains several grammatical rarities. At first sight it appears that Job 34:16 ought to be translated: "and if there is understanding (viz., to thee equals if thou hast), then hear this." But בּינה is accented as Milel and with Mercha, and can therefore not be a substantive (Hirz., Hahn, and others); for the retreat of the accent would be absolutely incomprehensible, and instead of a conjunctive, a distinctive, viz., Dech, ought to be expected. Several of the old expositors, therefore, interpret with Nolde: quod quum ita sit, intellige; but this elliptical ואם, well as it might also be used for Job 21:4, is unsupportable; the Makkeph between the two words is also against it, which rather arises from the assumption that בּינה is the imperat., and אם as an exception, like Genesis 23:13, is an optative particle joined to the imper. 2 instead of to the fut.: "and if thou shouldst observe" ( equals ואם־תּבין). To translate Job 34:17 with Schultens: num iram osor judicii frenabit, is impracticable on account of the order of the words, and gives a thought that is inappropriate here. אף is a particle, and the fut. is potentialis: is it also possible that an enemy of right should govern? (חבשׁ, imperio coercere, as אצר 1 Samuel 9:17, אסר Psalm 105:22); right and government are indeed mutually conditioned, without right everything would fall into anarchy and confusion. In Job 34:17 this is applied to the Ruler of the world: or (ואם, an, as Job 8:3; Job 21:4; Job 40:9) wilt thou condemn the mighty just One, i.e., the All-just? As Elihu calls God שׂגּיא כח, Job 37:23, as the Almighty, and as the Omniscient One, תּמים דּעים, Job 37:16, so here as the All-just One, צדּיק כּבּיר. The two adjectives are put side by side ἀσυνδέτως, as is frequently the case in Arabic, and form one compound idea, Ew. 270, d.

Job 34:23 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

he will

Job 34:10-12 Therefore listen to me you men of understanding: far be it from God, that he should do wickedness; and from the Almighty...

Job 11:6 And that he would show you the secrets of wisdom...

Ezra 9:13 And after all that is come on us for our evil deeds, and for our great trespass...

Psalm 119:137 Righteous are you, O LORD, and upright are your judgments.

Isaiah 42:3 A bruised reed shall he not break, and the smoking flax shall he not quench: he shall bring forth judgment to truth.

Daniel 9:7-9 O LORD, righteousness belongs to you, but to us confusion of faces, as at this day; to the men of Judah...

that he

Job 9:32,33 For he is not a man, as I am, that I should answer him, and we should come together in judgment...

Job 16:21 O that one might plead for a man with God, as a man pleads for his neighbor!

Job 23:7 There the righteous might dispute with him; so should I be delivered for ever from my judge.

Jeremiah 2:5 Thus said the LORD, What iniquity have your fathers found in me, that they are gone far from me, and have walked after vanity...

Romans 9:20 No but, O man, who are you that reply against God? Shall the thing formed say to him that formed it, Why have you made me thus?

enter. Heb. go

Cross References
Job 11:11
For he knows worthless men; when he sees iniquity, will he not consider it?

Job 34:24
He shatters the mighty without investigation and sets others in their place.

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