Job 34:5
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
For Job has said, ‘I am in the right, and God has taken away my right;

King James Bible
For Job hath said, I am righteous: and God hath taken away my judgment.

American Standard Version
For Job hath said, I am righteous, And God hath taken away my right:

Douay-Rheims Bible
For Job hath said : I am just, and God hath overthrown my judgment.

English Revised Version
For Job hath said, I am righteous, and God hath taken away my right:

Webster's Bible Translation
For Job hath said, I am righteous: and God hath taken away my judgment.

Job 34:5 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

29 Behold, God doeth all

Twice, thrice with man,

30 To bring back his soul from the pit,

That it may become light in the light of life.

31 Listen, O Job, hearken to me;

Be silent and let me speak on.

32 Yet if thou hast words, answer me;

Speak, for I desire thy justification.

33 If not, hearken thou to me;

Be silent and I will teach thee wisdom.

After having described two prominent modes of divine interposition for the moral restoration and welfare of man, he adds, Job 33:29, that God undertakes (observe the want of parallelism in the distich, Job 33:29) everything with a man twice or thrice (asyndeton, as e.g., Isaiah 17:6, in the sense of bis terve) in order to bring back his soul from the pit (שׁחת, here for the fifth time in this speech, without being anywhere interchanged with שׁאול or another synonym, which is remarkable), that it, having hitherto been encompassed by the darkness of death, may be, or become, light (לאור, inf. Niph., syncopated from להאור, Ew. 244, b) in the light of life (as it were bask in the new and restored light of life) - it does not always happen, for these are experiences of no ordinary kind, which interrupt the daily course of life; and it is not even repeated again and again constantly, for if it is without effect the first time, it is repeated a second or third time, but it has an end if the man trifles constantly with the disciplinary work of grace which designs his good. Finally, Elihu calls upon Job quietly to ponder this, that he may proceed; nevertheless, if he has words, i.e., if he thinks he is able to advance any appropriate objections, he is continually to answer him (השׁיב with acc. of the person, as Job 33:5), for he (Elihu) would willingly justify him, i.e., he would gladly be in the position to be able to acknowledge Job to be right, and to have the accusation dispensed with. Hirz. and others render falsely: I wish thy justification, i.e., thou shouldst justify thyself; in this case נפשׁך ought to be supplied, which is unnecessary: חפץ, without a change of subject, has the inf. constr. here without ל, as it has the inf. absol. in Job 13:3, and צדּק signifies to vindicate (as Job 32:2), or acknowledge to be in the right (as the Piel of צדק, Job 33:12), both of which are blended here. The lxx, which translates θέλω γὰρ δικαιωθῆναί σε, has probably read צדקך (Psalm 35:27). If it is not so (אם־אין as Genesis 30:1), viz., that he does not intend to defend himself with reference to his expostulation with God on account of the affliction decreed for him, he shall on his part (אתּה) listen, shall be silent and be further taught wisdom.

Quasi hac ratione Heliu sanctum Iob convicerit! exclaims Beda, after a complete exposition of this speech. He regards Elihu as the type of the false wisdom of the heathen, which fails to recognise and persecutes the servant of God: Sunt alii extra ecclesiam, qui Christo ejusque ecclesiae similiter adversantur, quorum imaginem praetulit Balaam ille ariolus, qui et Elieu sicut patrum traditio habet (Balaam and Elihu, one person - a worthless conceit repeated in the Talmud and Midrash), qui contra ipsum sanctum Iob multa improbe et injuriose locutus est, in tantum ut etiam displiceret in una ejus et indisciplinata loquacitas.

(Note: Bedae Opp. ed. Basil. iii. col. 602f. 786. The commentary also bears the false name of Jerome Hieronymus, and as a writing attributed to him is contained in tom. v. Opp. ed. Vallarsi.)

Gregory the Great, in his Moralia, expresses himself no less unfavourably at the conclusion of this speech:

continued...

Job 34:5 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

I

Job 10:7 You know that I am not wicked; and there is none that can deliver out of your hand.

Job 11:4 For you have said, My doctrine is pure, and I am clean in your eyes.

Job 16:17 Not for any injustice in my hands: also my prayer is pure.

Job 29:14 I put on righteousness, and it clothed me: my judgment was as a robe and a diadem.

Job 32:1 So these three men ceased to answer Job, because he was righteous in his own eyes.

Job 33:9 I am clean without transgression, I am innocent; neither is there iniquity in me.

God

Job 9:17 For he breaks me with a tempest, and multiplies my wounds without cause.

Job 27:2 As God lives, who has taken away my judgment; and the Almighty, who has vexed my soul;

Cross References
Job 6:29
Please turn; let no injustice be done. Turn now; my vindication is at stake.

Job 13:18
Behold, I have prepared my case; I know that I shall be in the right.

Job 27:2
"As God lives, who has taken away my right, and the Almighty, who has made my soul bitter,

Job 33:9
You say, 'I am pure, without transgression; I am clean, and there is no iniquity in me.

Job 34:4
Let us choose what is right; let us know among ourselves what is good.

Isaiah 40:27
Why do you say, O Jacob, and speak, O Israel, "My way is hidden from the LORD, and my right is disregarded by my God"?

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