Job 38:2
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“Who is this that darkens counsel by words without knowledge?

King James Bible
Who is this that darkeneth counsel by words without knowledge?

American Standard Version
Who is this that darkeneth counsel By words without knowledge?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Who is this that wrappeth up sentences in unskillful words?

English Revised Version
Who is this that darkeneth counsel by words without knowledge?

Webster's Bible Translation
Who is this that darkeneth counsel by words without knowledge?

Job 38:2 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

17 Thou whose garments became hot,

When the land is sultry from the south:

18 Dost thou with Him spread out the sky,

The strong, as it were molten, mirror?

19 Let us know what we shall say to Him! -

We can arrange nothing by reason of darkness.

20 Shall it be told Him that Ispeak,

Or shall one wish to be destroyed?

Most expositors connect Job 37:17 with Job 37:16 : (Dost thou know) how it comes to pass that ... ; but אשׁר after ידע signifies quod, Exodus 11:7, not quomodo, as it sometimes occurs in a comparing antecedent clause, instead of כאשׁר, Exodus 14:13; Jeremiah 33:22. We therefore translate: thou whose ... , - connecting this, however, not with Job 37:16 (vid., e.g., Carey), but as Bolduc. and Ew., with Job 37:18 (where ה before תרקיע is then the less missed): thou who, when the land (the part of the earth where thou art) keeps rest, i.e., in sultriness, when oppressive heat comes (on this Hiph. vid., Ges. 53, 2) from the south (i.e., by means of the currents of air which come thence, without דּרום signifying directly the south wind), - thou who, when this happens, canst endure so little, that on the contrary the heat from without becomes perceptible to thee through thy clothes: dost thou now and then with Him keep the sky spread out, which for firmness is like a molten mirror? Elsewhere the hemispheric firmament, which spans the earth with its sub-celestial waters, is likened to a clear sapphire Exodus 24:10, a covering Psalm 104:2, a gauze Isaiah 40:22; the comparison with a metallic mirror (מוּצק here not from צוּק, Job 37:10; Job 36:16, but from יצק) is therefore to be understood according to Petavius: Coelum areum στερέωμα dicitur non a naturae propria conditione, sed ab effectu, quod perinde aquas separet, ac si murus esset solidissimus. Also in תרקיע lies the notion both of firmness and thinness; the primary notion (root רק) is to beat, make thick, stipare (Arab. rq‛, to stop up in the sense of resarcire, e.g., to mend stockings), to make thick by pressure. The ל joined with תרקיע is nota acc.; we must not comp. Job 8:8; Job 21:22, as well as Job 5:2; Job 19:3.

Therefore: As God is the only Creator (Job 9:8), so He is the all-provident Preserver of the world - make us know (הודיענוּ, according to the text of the Babylonians, Keri of הודיעני) what we shall say to Him, viz., in order to show that we can cope with Him! We cannot arrange, viz., anything whatever (to be explained according to ערך מלּין, Job 32:14, comp. "to place," Job 36:19), by reason of darkness, viz., the darkness of our understanding, σκότος τῆς διανοίας; מפּני is much the same as Job 23:17, but different from Job 17:12, and חשׁך different from both passages, viz., as it is often used in the New Testament, of intellectual darkness (comp. Ecclesiastes 2:14; Isaiah 60:2). The meaning of Job 37:20 cannot now be mistaken, if, with Hirz., Hahn, and Schlottm., we call to mind Job 36:10 in connection with אמר כּי: can I, a short-sighted man, enshrouded in darkness, wish that what I have arrogantly said concerning and against Him may be told to God, or should one earnestly desire (אמר, a modal perf., as Job 35:15) that (an jusserit s. dixerit quis ut) he may be swallowed up, i.e., destroyed (comp. לבלעו, Job 2:3)? He would, by challenging a recognition of his unbecoming arguing about God, desire a tribunal that would be destructive to himself.

Job 38:2 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Job 12:3 But I have understanding as well as you; I am not inferior to you: yes, who knows not such things as these?

Job 23:4,5 I would order my cause before him, and fill my mouth with arguments...

Job 24:25 And if it be not so now, who will make me a liar, and make my speech nothing worth?

Job 26:3 How have you counceled him that has no wisdom? and how have you plentifully declared the thing as it is?

Job 27:11 I will teach you by the hand of God: that which is with the Almighty will I not conceal.

Job 34:35 Job has spoken without knowledge, and his words were without wisdom.

Job 35:16 Therefore does Job open his mouth in vain; he multiplies words without knowledge.

Job 42:3 Who is he that hides counsel without knowledge? therefore have I uttered that I understood not; things too wonderful for me...

1 Timothy 1:7 Desiring to be teachers of the law; understanding neither what they say, nor whereof they affirm.

Cross References
Job 34:35
Job speaks without knowledge; his words are without insight.'

Job 35:16
Job opens his mouth in empty talk; he multiplies words without knowledge."

Job 42:3
Who is this that hides counsel without knowledge?' Therefore I have uttered what I did not understand, things too wonderful for me, which I did not know.

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