Job 38:23
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
which I have reserved for the time of trouble, for the day of battle and war?

King James Bible
Which I have reserved against the time of trouble, against the day of battle and war?

American Standard Version
Which I have reserved against the time of trouble, Against the day of battle and war?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Which I have prepared for the time of the enemy, against the day of battle and war?

English Revised Version
Which I have reserved against the time of trouble, against the day of battle and war?

Webster's Bible Translation
Which I have reserved against the time of trouble, against the day of battle and war?

Job 38:23 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

16 Hast thou reached the fountains of the sea,

And hast thou gone into the foundation of the deep?

17 Were the gates of death unveiled to thee,

And didst thou see the gates of the realm of shades?

18 Hast thou comprehended the breadth of the earth?

Speak, in so far as thou knowest all this!

19 Which is the way to where the light dwelleth,

And darkness, where is its place,

20 That thou mightest bring it to its bound,

And that thou mightest know the paths of its house?

21 Thou knowest it, for then wast thou born,

And the number of thy days is great! -

The root נב has the primary notion of obtruding itself upon the senses (vid., Genesis, S. 635), whence נבך in Arabic of a rising country that pleases the eye (nabaka, a hill, a hillside), and here (cognate in root and meaning נבע, Syr. Talmud. נבג, Arab. nbg, nbṭ, scatuirire) of gushing and bubbling water. Hitzig's conjecture, approved by Olsh., נבלי, sets aside a word that is perfectly clear so far as the language is concerned. On חקר vid., on Job 11:7. The question put to Job in Job 38:17, he must, according to his own confession, Job 26:6, answer in the negative. In order to avoid the collision of two aspirates, the interrogative ה is wanting before התבּננתּ, Ew. 324, b; התבנן עד signifies, according to Job 32:12, to observe anything carefully; the meaning of the question therefore is, whether Job has given special attention to the breadth of the earth, and whether he consequently has a comprehensive and thorough knowledge of it. כּלּהּ refers not to the earth (Hahn, Olsh., and others), but, as neuter, to the preceding points of interrogation. The questions, Job 38:19, refer to the principles of light and darkness, i.e., their final causes, whence they come forth as cosmical phenomena. ישׁכּן־אור is a relative clause, Ges. 123, 3, c; the noun that governs (the Regens) this virtual genitive, which ought in Arabic to be without the art. as being determined by the regens, is, according to the Hebrew syntax, which is freer in this respect, הדּרך (comp. Ges. 110, 2). That which is said of the bound of darkness, i.e., the furthest point at which darkness passes away, and the paths to its house, applies also to the light, which the poet perhaps has even prominently (comp. Job 24:13) before his mind: light and darkness have a first cause which is inaccessible to man, and beyond his power of searching out. The admission in Job 38:21 is ironical: Verily! thou art as old as the beginning of creation, when light and darkness, as powers of nature which are distinguished and bounded the one by the other (vid., Job 26:10), were introduced into the rising world; thou art as old as the world, so that thou hast an exact knowledge of its and thine own contemporaneous origin (vid., Job 15:7). On the fut. joined with אז htiw denioj . regularly in the signification of the aorist, vid., Ew. 134, b. The attraction in connection with מספּר is like Job 15:20; Job 21:21.

Job 38:23 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Job 36:31 For by them judges he the people; he gives meat in abundance.

Job 36:13 But the hypocrites in heart heap up wrath: they cry not when he binds them.

Exodus 9:18,24 Behold, to morrow about this time I will cause it to rain a very grievous hail...

Joshua 10:11 And it came to pass, as they fled from before Israel, and were in the going down to Bethhoron...

Isaiah 30:30 And the LORD shall cause his glorious voice to be heard, and shall show the lighting down of his arm, with the indignation of his anger...

Ezekiel 13:11-13 Say to them which daub it with untempered mortar, that it shall fall: there shall be an overflowing shower; and you, O great hailstones...

Matthew 7:27 And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat on that house; and it fell: and great was the fall of it.

Revelation 16:21 And there fell on men a great hail out of heaven, every stone about the weight of a talent...

Cross References
Job 38:22
"Have you entered the storehouses of the snow, or have you seen the storehouses of the hail,

Job 38:24
What is the way to the place where the light is distributed, or where the east wind is scattered upon the earth?

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