Job 38:25
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“Who has cleft a channel for the torrents of rain and a way for the thunderbolt,

King James Bible
Who hath divided a watercourse for the overflowing of waters, or a way for the lightning of thunder;

American Standard Version
Who hath cleft a channel for the waterflood, Or the way for the lightning of the thunder;

Douay-Rheims Bible
Who gave a course to violent showers, or a way for noisy thunder :

English Revised Version
Who hath cleft a channel for the waterflood, or a way for the lightning of the thunder;

Webster's Bible Translation
Who hath divided a watercourse for the overflowing of waters, or a way for the lightning of thunder;

Job 38:25 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

16 Hast thou reached the fountains of the sea,

And hast thou gone into the foundation of the deep?

17 Were the gates of death unveiled to thee,

And didst thou see the gates of the realm of shades?

18 Hast thou comprehended the breadth of the earth?

Speak, in so far as thou knowest all this!

19 Which is the way to where the light dwelleth,

And darkness, where is its place,

20 That thou mightest bring it to its bound,

And that thou mightest know the paths of its house?

21 Thou knowest it, for then wast thou born,

And the number of thy days is great! -

The root נב has the primary notion of obtruding itself upon the senses (vid., Genesis, S. 635), whence נבך in Arabic of a rising country that pleases the eye (nabaka, a hill, a hillside), and here (cognate in root and meaning נבע, Syr. Talmud. נבג, Arab. nbg, nbṭ, scatuirire) of gushing and bubbling water. Hitzig's conjecture, approved by Olsh., נבלי, sets aside a word that is perfectly clear so far as the language is concerned. On חקר vid., on Job 11:7. The question put to Job in Job 38:17, he must, according to his own confession, Job 26:6, answer in the negative. In order to avoid the collision of two aspirates, the interrogative ה is wanting before התבּננתּ, Ew. 324, b; התבנן עד signifies, according to Job 32:12, to observe anything carefully; the meaning of the question therefore is, whether Job has given special attention to the breadth of the earth, and whether he consequently has a comprehensive and thorough knowledge of it. כּלּהּ refers not to the earth (Hahn, Olsh., and others), but, as neuter, to the preceding points of interrogation. The questions, Job 38:19, refer to the principles of light and darkness, i.e., their final causes, whence they come forth as cosmical phenomena. ישׁכּן־אור is a relative clause, Ges. 123, 3, c; the noun that governs (the Regens) this virtual genitive, which ought in Arabic to be without the art. as being determined by the regens, is, according to the Hebrew syntax, which is freer in this respect, הדּרך (comp. Ges. 110, 2). That which is said of the bound of darkness, i.e., the furthest point at which darkness passes away, and the paths to its house, applies also to the light, which the poet perhaps has even prominently (comp. Job 24:13) before his mind: light and darkness have a first cause which is inaccessible to man, and beyond his power of searching out. The admission in Job 38:21 is ironical: Verily! thou art as old as the beginning of creation, when light and darkness, as powers of nature which are distinguished and bounded the one by the other (vid., Job 26:10), were introduced into the rising world; thou art as old as the world, so that thou hast an exact knowledge of its and thine own contemporaneous origin (vid., Job 15:7). On the fut. joined with אז htiw denioj . regularly in the signification of the aorist, vid., Ew. 134, b. The attraction in connection with מספּר is like Job 15:20; Job 21:21.

Job 38:25 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Job 28:26 When he made a decree for the rain, and a way for the lightning of the thunder:

Job 36:27,28 For he makes small the drops of water: they pour down rain according to the vapor thereof...

Job 37:3-6 He directs it under the whole heaven, and his lightning to the ends of the earth...

Psalm 29:3-10 The voice of the LORD is on the waters: the God of glory thunders: the LORD is on many waters...

Cross References
Job 28:26
when he made a decree for the rain and a way for the lightning of the thunder,

Job 38:24
What is the way to the place where the light is distributed, or where the east wind is scattered upon the earth?

Job 38:26
to bring rain on a land where no man is, on the desert in which there is no man,

Psalm 135:7
He it is who makes the clouds rise at the end of the earth, who makes lightnings for the rain and brings forth the wind from his storehouses.

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