Job 38:33
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Do you know the ordinances of the heavens? Can you establish their rule on the earth?

King James Bible
Knowest thou the ordinances of heaven? canst thou set the dominion thereof in the earth?

American Standard Version
Knowest thou the ordinances of the heavens? Canst thou establish the dominion thereof in the earth?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Dost thou know the order of heaven, and canst thou set down the reason thereof on the earth?

English Revised Version
Knowest thou the ordinances of the heavens? canst thou establish the dominion thereof in the earth?

Webster's Bible Translation
Knowest thou the ordinances of heaven? canst thou set its dominion on the earth?

Job 38:33 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

22 Hast thou reached the treasures of the snow,

And didst thou see the treasures of the hail,

23 Which I have reserved for a time of trouble,

For the day of battle and war?

24 Which is the way where the light is divided,

Where the east wind is scattered over the earth?

25 Who divideth a course for the rain-flood

And the way of the lightning of thunder,

26 That it raineth on the land where no one dwelleth,

On the tenantless steppe,

27 To satisfy the desolate and the waste,

And to cause the tender shoot of the grass to spring forth?

The idea in Job 38:22 is not that - as for instance the peasants of Menn, four hours' journey from Damascus, garner up the winter snow in a cleft of the rock, in order to convey it to Damascus and the towns of the coast in the hot months - God treasures up the snow and hail above to cause it to descend according to opportunity. אצרות (comp. Psalm 135:7) are the final causes of these phenomena which God has created - the form of the question, the design of which (which must not be forgotten) is ethical, not scientific, is regulated according to the infancy of the perception of natural phenomena among the ancients; but at the same time in accordance with the poet's task, and even, as here, in the choice of the agents of destruction, not merely hail, but also snow, according to the scene of the incident. Wetzstein has in his possession a writing of Muhammed el-Chatb el-Bosrwi, in which he describes a fearful fall of snow in Hauran, by which, in February 1860, innumerable herds of sheep, goats, and camels, and also many human beings perished.

(Note: Since the Hauranites say of snow as of fire: jahrik, it burns (brlant in French is also used of extreme cold), Job 1:16 might also be understood of a fall of snow; but the tenor of the words there requires it to be understood of actual fire.)

continued...

Job 38:33 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the ordinances

Genesis 1:16 And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also.

Genesis 8:22 While the earth remains, seedtime and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night shall not cease.

Psalm 119:90,91 Your faithfulness is to all generations: you have established the earth, and it stays...

Jeremiah 31:35,36 Thus said the LORD, which gives the sun for a light by day, and the ordinances of the moon and of the stars for a light by night...

Jeremiah 33:25 Thus said the LORD; If my covenant be not with day and night, and if I have not appointed the ordinances of heaven and earth;

canst

Job 38:12,13 Have you commanded the morning since your days; and caused the dayspring to know his place...

Cross References
Job 38:32
Can you lead forth the Mazzaroth in their season, or can you guide the Bear with its children?

Psalm 148:6
And he established them forever and ever; he gave a decree, and it shall not pass away.

Jeremiah 31:35
Thus says the LORD, who gives the sun for light by day and the fixed order of the moon and the stars for light by night, who stirs up the sea so that its waves roar-- the LORD of hosts is his name:

Jeremiah 31:36
"If this fixed order departs from before me, declares the LORD, then shall the offspring of Israel cease from being a nation before me forever."

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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