Job 40:2
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“Shall a faultfinder contend with the Almighty? He who argues with God, let him answer it.”

King James Bible
Shall he that contendeth with the Almighty instruct him? he that reproveth God, let him answer it.

American Standard Version
Shall he that cavilleth contend with the Almighty? He that argueth with God, let him answer it.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Shall he that contendeth with God be so easily silenced? surely he that reproveth God, ought to answer him.

English Revised Version
Shall he that cavilleth contend with the Almighty? he that argueth with God, let him answer it.

Webster's Bible Translation
Shall he that contendeth with the Almighty instruct him? he that reproveth God, let him answer it.

Job 40:2 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

26 Doth the hawk fly by thy wisdom,

Doth it spread its wings towards the south?

27 Or is it at thy command that the eagle soareth aloft,

And buildeth its nest on high?

28 It inhabiteth the rock, and buildeth its nest

Upon the crag of the rock and fastness.

29 From thence it seeketh food,

Its eyes see afar off.

30 And its young ones suck up blood;

And where the slain are, there is it.

The ancient versions are unanimous in testifying that, according to the signification of the root, נץ signifies the hawk (which is significant in the Hieroglyphics): the soaring one, the high-flyer (comp. Arab. nṣṣ, to rise, struggle forwards, and Arab. nḍḍ, to raise the wings for flight). The Hiph. יאבר- (jussive form in the question, as Job 13:27) might signify: to get feathers, plumescere (Targ., Jer.), but that gives a tame question; wherefore Gregory understands the plumescit of the Vulgate of moulting, for which purpose the hawk seeks the sunny side. But האביר alone, by itself, cannot signify "to get new feathers;" moreover, an annual moulting is common to all birds, and prominence is alone given to the new feathering of the eagle in the Old Testament, Psalm 103:5; Micah 1:16, comp. Isaiah 40:31 (lxx πτεροφυήσουσιν ὡς ἀετοί).

(Note: Less unfavourable to this rendering is the following, that אברה signifies the long feathers, and אבר the wing that is composed of them (perhaps, since the Talm. אברים signifies wings and limbs, artus, from אבר equals הבר, Arab. hbr, to divide, furnish with joints), although נוצה (from נצה, to fly) is the more general designation of the feathers of birds.)

Thus, then, the point of the question will lie in לתימן: the hawk is a bird of passage, God has endowed it with instinct to migrate to the south as the winter season is approaching.

In Job 39:27 the circle of the native figures taken from animal life, which began with the lion, the king of quadrupeds, is now closed with the eagle, the king of birds. It is called נשׁר, from נשׁר, Arab. nsr, vellere; as also vultur (by virtue of a strong power of assimilation equals vultor) is derived from vellere, - a common name of the golden eagle, the lamb's vulture, the carrion-kite (Cathartes percnopterus), and indeed also of other kinds of kites and falcons. There is nothing to prevent our understanding the eagle κατ ̓ εξοχήν, viz., the golden eagle (Aquila chrysatos), in the present passage; for even to this, corpses, though not already putrified, are a welcome prey. In Job 39:27 we must translate either: and is it at thy command that ... ? or: is it so that (as in הכי) at thy command ... ? The former is more natural here. מצוּדה, Job 39:28, signifies prop. specula (from צוּד, to spy); then, however, as Arab. masâd (referred by the original lexicons to masada), the high hill, and the mountain-top. The rare form יעלעוּ, for which Ges., Olsh., and others wish to read לעלעוּ or ילעלעוּ (from לוּע, deglutire), is to be derived from עלע, a likewise secondary form out of עלעל (from עוּל, to suck, to give suck),

continued...

Job 40:2 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Shall

Job 9:3 If he will contend with him, he cannot answer him one of a thousand.

Job 33:13 Why do you strive against him? for he gives not account of any of his matters.

Ecclesiastes 6:10 That which has been is named already, and it is known that it is man: neither may he contend with him that is mightier than he.

Isaiah 45:9-11 Woe to him that strives with his Maker! Let the potsherd strive with the potsherds of the earth...

Isaiah 50:8 He is near that justifies me; who will contend with me? let us stand together: who is my adversary? let him come near to me.

1 Corinthians 10:22 Do we provoke the Lord to jealousy? are we stronger than he?

instruct

Isaiah 40:14 With whom took he counsel, and who instructed him, and taught him in the path of judgment, and taught him knowledge...

1 Corinthians 2:16 For who has known the mind of the Lord, that he may instruct him? But we have the mind of Christ.

he that reproveth

Job 3:11,12,20,23 Why died I not from the womb? why did I not give up the ghost when I came out of the belly...

Job 7:12,19-21 Am I a sea, or a whale, that you set a watch over me...

Job 9:17,18,32-35 For he breaks me with a tempest, and multiplies my wounds without cause...

Job 10:3-7,14-17 Is it good to you that you should oppress, that you should despise the work of your hands, and shine on the counsel of the wicked...

Job 13:21-27 Withdraw your hand far from me: and let not your dread make me afraid...

Job 14:16,17 For now you number my steps: do you not watch over my sin...

Job 16:11-21 God has delivered me to the ungodly, and turned me over into the hands of the wicked...

Job 19:6-11 Know now that God has overthrown me, and has compassed me with his net...

Job 27:2 As God lives, who has taken away my judgment; and the Almighty, who has vexed my soul;

Job 30:21 You are become cruel to me: with your strong hand you oppose yourself against me.

Ezekiel 18:2 What mean you, that you use this proverb concerning the land of Israel, saying, The fathers have eaten sour grapes...

Matthew 20:11 And when they had received it, they murmured against the manager of the house,

Romans 9:19-23 You will say then to me, Why does he yet find fault? For who has resisted his will...

Romans 11:34-36 For who has known the mind of the Lord? or who has been his counselor...

Cross References
Job 9:3
If one wished to contend with him, one could not answer him once in a thousand times.

Job 10:2
I will say to God, Do not condemn me; let me know why you contend against me.

Job 13:3
But I would speak to the Almighty, and I desire to argue my case with God.

Job 23:4
I would lay my case before him and fill my mouth with arguments.

Job 31:35
Oh, that I had one to hear me! (Here is my signature! Let the Almighty answer me!) Oh, that I had the indictment written by my adversary!

Job 33:13
Why do you contend against him, saying, 'He will answer none of man's words'?

Job 40:1
And the LORD said to Job:

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