Job 9:15
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Though I am in the right, I cannot answer him; I must appeal for mercy to my accuser.

King James Bible
Whom, though I were righteous, yet would I not answer, but I would make supplication to my judge.

American Standard Version
Whom, though I were righteous, yet would I not answer; I would make supplication to my judge.

Douay-Rheims Bible
I, who although I should have any just thing, would not answer, but would make supplication to my judge.

English Revised Version
Whom, though I were righteous, yet would I not answer; I would make supplication to mine adversary.

Webster's Bible Translation
Whom, though I were righteous, yet would I not answer, but I would make supplication to my judge.

Job 9:15 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

8 Who alone spreadeth out the heavens,

And walketh upon the heights of the sea;

9 Who made the Bear, Orion, and the Pleiades,

And the chambers of the south;

10 Who doeth great things past finding out,

And wondrous things without number.

Ewald, Hirzel, and others, understand נטה (Job 9:8) according to Psalm 18:10 : He letteth down the clouds of heaven, and walketh on the heights of the sea of clouds, i.e., high above the towering thunder-clouds. But parallel passages, such as Isaiah 40:22; Psalm 104:2, and especially Isaiah 44:24, show that Job 9:8 is to be understood as referring to the creation of the firmament of heaven; and consequently נטה is to be taken in the sense of expandere, and is a form of expression naturally occurring in connection with the mention of the waters which are separated by means of the רקיע. The question arises, whether ים here means the sea of waters above the firmament or upon the earth. According to the idea of the ancients, the waters which descend as rain have their habitation far away in the infinite expanse of the sky; the ocean of the sky (Egyptian Nun-pa), through which the sun-god Ra sails every day, is there. It is possible that "the heights of the sea" here, and perhaps also "the roots of the sea" (Job 36:30), may mean this ocean of the sky, as Hahn and Schlottmann suppose. But it is not necessary to adopt such an explanation, and it is moreover hazardous, since this conception of the celestial θάλασσα is not found elsewhere (apart from Revelation 4:6; Revelation 15:2; Revelation 22:1). Why may not בּמתי, which is used of the heights of the clouds (Isaiah 14:14), be used also of the waves of the sea which mount up towards heaven (Psalm 107:26)? God walks over them as man walks on level ground (lxx περιπατῶν ἐπὶ θαλάσσης ὡς ἐπ ̓ ἐδάφους); they rise or lie calmly beneath His feel according to His almighty will (comp. Habakkuk 3:15).

Job next describes God as the Creator of the stars, by introducing a constellation of the northern (the Bear), one of the southern (Orion), and one of the eastern sky (the Pleiades). עשׁ, contracted from נעשׁ, Arabic na‛š, a bier, is the constellation of seven stars (septentrio or septentriones) in the northern sky. The Greater and the Lesser Bear form a square, which the Arabs regarded as a bier; the three other stars, benâth n‛asch, i.e., daughters of the bier (comp. Job 38:32), seem to be the mourners. כּסיל is Orion chained to the sky, which the ancients regarded as a powerful giant, and also as an insolent, foolish fellow

(Note: The Arabic jâhil is similar, which combines the significations, an ignorant, foolhardy, and passionate man (vid., Fleischer, Ali's hundert Sprche, S. 115f.).)

(K. O. Mller, Kleine deutsche Schriften, ii. 125). כּימה is the Pleiades, a constellation consisting of seven large and other smaller stars, Arabic turayyâ, which, like the Hebrew (comp. Arab. kûmat, cumulus), signifies the heap, cluster (vid., Job 38:31), and is compared by the Persian poets to a bouquet formed of jewels. It is the constellation of seven stars, whose rising and setting determined the commencement and end of their voyages (πλειάς, probably equals constellation of navigation), and is to be distinguished from the northern septentriones. תּימן חדרי are, according to the Targ., the chambers of the constellations on the south side of the heavens, as also most expositors explain them (Mercier: sidera quae sunt in altero hemisphaerio versus alterum polum antarcticum), according to which תּימן, or written defectively תּמן, would therefore be equivalent to תמן כוכבי; or perhaps, in a more general meaning, the regions of the southern sky (penetralia), which are veiled, or altogether lost to view (Hirzel). In v. 10, Job says, almost verbatim, what Eliphaz had said (Job 5:10). Job agrees with the friends in the recognition of the power of God, and intentionally describes those phases of it which display its terrible majesty. But while the friends deduce from this doctrine the duty of a humble deportment on the part of the sufferer, Job uses it to support the cheerless truth that human right can never be maintained in opposition to the absolute God.

Job 9:15 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Job 10:15 If I be wicked, woe to me; and if I be righteous, yet will I not lift up my head. I am full of confusion...

1 Corinthians 4:4 For I know nothing by myself; yet am I not hereby justified: but he that judges me is the Lord.

I would

Job 5:8 I would seek to God, and to God would I commit my cause:

Job 8:5 If you would seek to God betimes, and make your supplication to the Almighty;

Job 10:2 I will say to God, Do not condemn me; show me why you contend with me.

Job 22:27 You shall make your prayer to him, and he shall hear you, and you shall pay your vows.

Job 34:31,32 Surely it is meet to be said to God, I have borne chastisement, I will not offend any more...

1 Kings 8:38,39 What prayer and supplication soever be made by any man, or by all your people Israel...

2 Chronicles 33:13 And prayed to him: and he was entreated of him, and heard his supplication, and brought him again to Jerusalem into his kingdom...

Jeremiah 31:9 They shall come with weeping, and with supplications will I lead them...

Daniel 9:3,18 And I set my face to the Lord God, to seek by prayer and supplications, with fasting, and sackcloth, and ashes...

my judge

Job 23:7 There the righteous might dispute with him; so should I be delivered for ever from my judge.

1 Peter 2:23 Who, when he was reviled, reviled not again; when he suffered, he threatened not; but committed himself to him that judges righteously:

Cross References
Job 8:5
If you will seek God and plead with the Almighty for mercy,

Job 9:16
If I summoned him and he answered me, I would not believe that he was listening to my voice.

Job 9:20
Though I am in the right, my own mouth would condemn me; though I am blameless, he would prove me perverse.

Job 9:21
I am blameless; I regard not myself; I loathe my life.

Job 10:15
If I am guilty, woe to me! If I am in the right, I cannot lift up my head, for I am filled with disgrace and look on my affliction.

Job 40:5
I have spoken once, and I will not answer; twice, but I will proceed no further."

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