Job 9:17
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
For he crushes me with a tempest and multiplies my wounds without cause;

King James Bible
For he breaketh me with a tempest, and multiplieth my wounds without cause.

American Standard Version
For he breaketh me with a tempest, And multiplieth my wounds without cause.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For he shall crush me in a whirlwind, and multiply my wounds even without cause.

English Revised Version
For he breaketh me with a tempest, and multiplieth my wounds without cause.

Webster's Bible Translation
For he breaketh me with a tempest, and multiplieth my wounds without cause.

Job 9:17 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

11 Behold, He goeth by me and I see not,

And passeth by and I perceive Him not.

12 Behold, He taketh away, who will hold Him back?

Who will say to Him: What doest Thou?

13 Eloah restraineth not His anger,

The helpers of Rahab stoop under Him -

14 How much less that I should address Him,

That I should choose the right words in answer to Him;

15 Because, though I were right, I could not answer, -

To Him as my Judge I must make supplication.

God works among men, as He works in nature, with a supreme control over all, invisibly, irresistibly, and is not responsible to any being (Isaiah 45:9). He does not turn or restrain His anger without having accomplished His purpose. This is a proposition which, thus broadly expressed, is only partially true, as is evident from Psalm 78:38. The helpers of Rahab must bow themselves under Him. It is not feasible to understand this in a general sense, as meaning those who are ready with boastful arrogance to yield succour to any against God. The form of expression which follows in Job 9:14, "much less I," supports the assumption that רהב עזרי refers to some well-known extraordinary example of wicked enterprise which had been frustrated, notwithstanding the gigantic strength by which it was supported; and שׁחהוּ may be translated by the present tense, since a familiar fact is used as synonymous with the expression of an universal truth. Elsewhere Rahab as a proper name denotes Egypt (Psalm 87:4), but it cannot be so understood here, because direct references to events in the history of Israel are contrary to the character of the book, which, with remarkable consistency, avoids everything that is at all Israelitish. But how has Egypt obtained the name of Rahab? It is evident from Isaiah 30:7 that it bears this name with reference to its deeds of prowess; but from Psalm 89:11; Isaiah 51:9, it is evident that Rahab properly denotes a sea-monster, which has become the symbol of Egypt, like tannn and leviathan elsewhere. This signification of the word is also supported by Job 26:12, where the lxx actually translate κητος, as here with remarkable freedom, ὑπ ̓ ἀυτοῦ ἐκάμφθησαν κήτη τὰ ὑπ ̓ οὐρανόν. It is not clear whether these "sea-monsters" denote rebels cast down into the sea beneath the sky, or chained upon the sky; but at any rate the consciousness of a distinct mythological meaning in רהב עזרי is expressed by this translation (as also in the still freer translation of Jerome, et sub quo curvantur qui portant orbem); probably a myth connected with such names of the constellations as Κῆτος and Πρίστις (Ewald, Hirz., Schlottm.). The poesy of the book of Job even in other places does not spurn mythological allusions; and the phrase before us reminds one of the Hindu myth of Indras' victory over the dark demon Vritras, who tries to delay the descent of rain, and over his helpers. In Vritras, as in רהב, there is the idea of hostile resistance.

Job compares himself, the feeble one, to these mythical titanic powers in Job 9:14. כּי אף (properly: even that), or even אף alone (Job 4:19), signifies, according as the connection introduces a climax or anti-climax, either quanto magis or quanto minus, as here: how much less can I, the feeble one, dispute with Him! אשׁר, Job 9:15, is best taken, as in Job 5:5, in the signification quoniam. The part. Poel משׁפטי we should more correctly translate "my disputant" than "my judge;" it is Poel which Ewald appropriately styles the conjugation of attack: שׁופט, judicando vel litigando aliquem petere; comp. Ges. 55, 1. The part. Kal denotes a judge, the part. Poel one who is accuser and judge at the same time. On such Poel-forms from strong roots, vid., on Psalm 109:10, where wedorschu is to be read, and therefore it is written ודרשׁוּ in correct Codices.

Job 9:17 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

For he

Job 16:14 He breaks me with breach on breach, he runs on me like a giant.

Psalm 29:5 The voice of the LORD breaks the cedars; yes, the LORD breaks the cedars of Lebanon.

Psalm 42:7 Deep calls to deep at the noise of your waterspouts: all your waves and your billows are gone over me.

Psalm 83:15 So persecute them with your tempest, and make them afraid with your storm.

Isaiah 28:17 Judgment also will I lay to the line, and righteousness to the plummet: and the hail shall sweep away the refuge of lies...

Jeremiah 23:19 Behold, a whirlwind of the LORD is gone forth in fury, even a grievous whirlwind: it shall fall grievously on the head of the wicked.

Ezekiel 13:13 Therefore thus said the Lord GOD; I will even rend it with a stormy wind in my fury...

Matthew 7:27 And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat on that house; and it fell: and great was the fall of it.

Matthew 12:20 A bruised reed shall he not break, and smoking flax shall he not quench, till he send forth judgment to victory.

multiplieth

Job 1:14-19 And there came a messenger to Job, and said, The oxen were plowing, and the donkeys feeding beside them...

Job 2:7,13 So went Satan forth from the presence of the LORD, and smote Job with sore boils from the sole of his foot to his crown...

without cause

Job 2:3 And the LORD said to Satan, Have you considered my servant Job, that there is none like him in the earth, a perfect and an upright man...

Job 16:17 Not for any injustice in my hands: also my prayer is pure.

Job 34:6 Should I lie against my right? my wound is incurable without transgression.

Psalm 25:3 Yes, let none that wait on you be ashamed: let them be ashamed which transgress without cause.

John 9:3 Jesus answered, Neither has this man sinned, nor his parents: but that the works of God should be made manifest in him.

John 15:25 But this comes to pass, that the word might be fulfilled that is written in their law, They hated me without a cause.

Cross References
Job 9:16
If I summoned him and he answered me, I would not believe that he was listening to my voice.

Job 16:12
I was at ease, and he broke me apart; he seized me by the neck and dashed me to pieces; he set me up as his target;

Job 16:14
He breaks me with breach upon breach; he runs upon me like a warrior.

Job 30:22
You lift me up on the wind; you make me ride on it, and you toss me about in the roar of the storm.

Psalm 83:15
so may you pursue them with your tempest and terrify them with your hurricane!

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