John 1:17
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
For the law was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.

King James Bible
For the law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.

American Standard Version
For the law was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For the law was given by Moses; grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.

English Revised Version
For the law was given by Moses; grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.

Webster's Bible Translation
For the law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.

Weymouth New Testament
For the Law was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.

John 1:17 Parallel
Vincent's Word Studies

For (ὅτι)

Because. Giving the ground of the statement that Christians received new and richer gifts of grace: the ground being that the law of Moses was a limited and narrow enactment, while Jesus Christ imparted the fullness of grace and truth which was in Him (John 1:14). Compare Romans 4:15; Romans 10:4; Galatians 3:10.

Was given (ἐδόθη)

A special gift serving a special and preparatory purpose with reference to the Gospel: the word being appropriate to "an external and positive institution."

By Moses (διά)

Literally, through. See on by Him, John 1:3.

Grace and truth came (ἐγένετο)

Came into being as the development of the divine plan inaugurated in the law, and unfolding the significance of the gift of the law. They came into being not absolutely, but in relation to mankind. Compare 1 Corinthians 1:30, where it is said of Christ, He was made (properly, became, εγενήθη) unto us wisdom and righteousness, etc. Note the article with grace and truth; the grace and the truth; that which in the full sense is grace and truth. Grace occurs nowhere else in John, except in salutations (2 John 1:3; Revelation 1:4; Revelation 22:21).

Jesus Christ

The Being who has been present in the Evangelist's mind from the opening of the Gospel is now first named. The two clauses, "the law was given," "grace and truth came," without the copula or qualifying particles, illustrate the parallelism which is characteristic of John's style (see on John 1:10).

John 1:17 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the law.

John 5:45 Do not think that I will accuse you to the Father: there is one that accuses you, even Moses, in whom you trust.

John 9:29 We know that God spoke to Moses: as for this fellow, we know not from where he is.

Exodus 20:1-17 And God spoke all these words, saying...

Deuteronomy 4:44 And this is the law which Moses set before the children of Israel:

Deuteronomy 5:1 And Moses called all Israel, and said to them, Hear, O Israel, the statutes and judgments which I speak in your ears this day...

Deuteronomy 33:4 Moses commanded us a law, even the inheritance of the congregation of Jacob.

Acts 7:38 This is he, that was in the church in the wilderness with the angel which spoke to him in the mount Sina, and with our fathers...

Acts 28:23 And when they had appointed him a day, there came many to him into his lodging; to whom he expounded and testified the kingdom of God...

Romans 3:19,20 Now we know that what things soever the law said, it said to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped...

Romans 5:20,21 Moreover the law entered, that the offense might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound...

2 Corinthians 3:7-10 But if the ministration of death, written and engraved in stones, was glorious...

Galatians 3:10-13,17 For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written...

Hebrews 3:5,6 And Moses truly was faithful in all his house, as a servant, for a testimony of those things which were to be spoken after...

Hebrews 8:8-12 For finding fault with them, he said, Behold, the days come, said the Lord...


John 8:32 And you shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.

John 14:6 Jesus said to him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man comes to the Father, but by me.

Genesis 3:15 And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her seed; it shall bruise your head...

Genesis 22:18 And in your seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed; because you have obeyed my voice.

Psalm 85:10 Mercy and truth are met together; righteousness and peace have kissed each other.

Psalm 89:1,2 I will sing of the mercies of the LORD for ever: with my mouth will I make known your faithfulness to all generations...

Psalm 98:3 He has remembered his mercy and his truth toward the house of Israel: all the ends of the earth have seen the salvation of our God.

Micah 7:20 You will perform the truth to Jacob, and the mercy to Abraham, which you have sworn to our fathers from the days of old.

Luke 1:54,55,68-79 He has helped his servant Israel, in remembrance of his mercy...

Acts 13:34-39 And as concerning that he raised him up from the dead, now no more to return to corruption, he said on this wise...

Romans 3:21-26 But now the righteousness of God without the law is manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets...

Romans 5:21 That as sin has reigned to death, even so might grace reign through righteousness to eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord.

Romans 6:14 For sin shall not have dominion over you: for you are not under the law, but under grace.

Romans 15:8-12 Now I say that Jesus Christ was a minister of the circumcision for the truth of God, to confirm the promises made to the fathers...

2 Corinthians 1:20 For all the promises of God in him are yes, and in him Amen, to the glory of God by us.

Hebrews 9:22 And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and without shedding of blood is no remission.

Hebrews 10:4-10 For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and of goats should take away sins...

Hebrews 11:39,40 And these all, having obtained a good report through faith, received not the promise...

Revelation 5:8-10 And when he had taken the book, the four beasts and four and twenty elders fell down before the Lamb, having every one of them harps...

Revelation 7:9-17 After this I beheld, and, see, a great multitude, which no man could number, of all nations, and kindreds...

Cross References
John 1:14
And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we have seen his glory, glory as of the only Son from the Father, full of grace and truth.

John 7:19
Has not Moses given you the law? Yet none of you keeps the law. Why do you seek to kill me?"

John 8:32
and you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free."

John 14:6
Jesus said to him, "I am the way, and the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me.

John 18:37
Then Pilate said to him, "So you are a king?" Jesus answered, "You say that I am a king. For this purpose I was born and for this purpose I have come into the world--to bear witness to the truth. Everyone who is of the truth listens to my voice."

Romans 5:21
so that, as sin reigned in death, grace also might reign through righteousness leading to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

Romans 6:14
For sin will have no dominion over you, since you are not under law but under grace.

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