John 19:1
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Then Pilate took Jesus and flogged him.

King James Bible
Then Pilate therefore took Jesus, and scourged him.

American Standard Version
Then Pilate therefore took Jesus, and scourged him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
THEN therefore, Pilate took Jesus, and scourged him.

English Revised Version
Then Pilate therefore took Jesus, and scourged him.

Webster's Bible Translation
Then Pilate therefore took Jesus, and scourged him.

Weymouth New Testament
Then Pilate took Jesus and scourged Him.

John 19:1 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Scourged (ἐμαστίγωσεν)

Matthew and Mark use the Greek form of the Latin word flagellare, φραγελλόω, which occurs only in those two instances in the New Testament. John uses the more common Greek word, though he has φραγελλίον (flagellum), scourge, at John 2:15. Matthew and Mark, however, both use μαστιγόω elsewhere (Matthew 10:17; Matthew 20:29; Mark 10:34). Its kindred noun, μάστιξ, occurs several times in the metaphorical sense of a plague. See on Mark 3:10, and compare Mark 5:29, Mark 5:34; Luke 7:21. The verb is used metaphorically only once, Hebrews 12:6. Scourging was the legal preliminary to crucifixion, but, in this case, was inflicted illegally before the sentence of crucifixion was pronounced, with a view of averting the extreme punishment, and of satisfying the Jews. (Luke 23:22). The punishment was horrible, the victim being bound to a low pillar or stake, and beaten, either with rods, or, in the case of slaves and provincials, with scourges, called scorpions, leather thongs tipped with leaden balls or sharp spikes. The severity of the infliction in Jesus' case is evident from His inability to bear His cross.

John 19:1 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Pilate.

Matthew 27:26 Then released he Barabbas to them: and when he had scourged Jesus, he delivered him to be crucified.

*etc:

Mark 15:15 And so Pilate, willing to content the people, released Barabbas to them, and delivered Jesus, when he had scourged him...

*etc:

Luke 23:16,23 I will therefore chastise him, and release him...

scourged.

Psalm 129:3 The plowers plowed on my back: they made long their furrows.

Isaiah 50:6 I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair: I hid not my face from shame and spitting.

Isaiah 53:5 But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was on him...

Matthew 20:19 And shall deliver him to the Gentiles to mock, and to whip, and to crucify him: and the third day he shall rise again.

Matthew 23:34 Why, behold, I send to you prophets, and wise men, and scribes: and some of them you shall kill and crucify...

Mark 10:33,34 Saying, Behold, we go up to Jerusalem; and the Son of man shall be delivered to the chief priests, and to the scribes...

Luke 18:33 And they shall whip him, and put him to death: and the third day he shall rise again.

Acts 16:22,23 And the multitude rose up together against them: and the magistrates rent off their clothes, and commanded to beat them...

Acts 22:24,25 The chief captain commanded him to be brought into the castle, and bade that he should be examined by scourging...

2 Corinthians 11:24 Of the Jews five times received I forty stripes save one.

Hebrews 11:36 And others had trial of cruel mockings and scourgings, yes, moreover of bonds and imprisonment:

1 Peter 2:24 Who his own self bore our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live to righteousness...

Cross References
Matthew 20:19
and deliver him over to the Gentiles to be mocked and flogged and crucified, and he will be raised on the third day."

Matthew 27:26
Then he released for them Barabbas, and having scourged Jesus, delivered him to be crucified.

Luke 23:16
I will therefore punish and release him."

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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