John 2:10
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
and said to him, “Everyone serves the good wine first, and when people have drunk freely, then the poor wine. But you have kept the good wine until now.”

King James Bible
And saith unto him, Every man at the beginning doth set forth good wine; and when men have well drunk, then that which is worse: but thou hast kept the good wine until now.

American Standard Version
and saith unto him, Every man setteth on first the good wine; and when men have drunk freely, then that which is worse: thou hast kept the good wine until now.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And saith to him: Every man at first setteth forth good wine, and when men have well drunk, then that which is worse. But thou hast kept the good wine until now.

English Revised Version
and saith unto him, Every man setteth on first the good wine; and when men have drunk freely, then that which is worse: thou hast kept the good wine until now.

Webster's Bible Translation
And saith to him, Every man at the beginning presenteth good wine; and when men have well drank, then that which is worse: but thou hast kept the good wine until now.

Weymouth New Testament
and said to him, "It is usual to put on the good wine first, and when people have drunk freely, then that which is inferior. But you have kept the good wine till now."

John 2:10 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Have well drunk (μεθυσθῶσι)

Wyc., be filled. Tynd., be drunk. The A.V. and Tynd. are better than the Rev. when men have drunk freely. The ruler of the feast means that when the palates of the guests have become less sensitive through indulgence, an inferior quality of wine is offered. In every instance of its use in the New Testament the word means intoxication. The attempt of the advocates of the unfermented-wine theory to deny or weaken this sense by citing the well-watered garden (Isaiah 58:11; Jeremiah 31:12) scarcely requires comment. One might answer by quoting Plato, who uses βαπτίζεσθαι, to be baptized, for being drunk ("Symposium," 176). In the Septuagint the verb repeatedly occurs for watering (Psalm 65:9, Psalm 65:10), but always with the sense of drenching or soaking; of being drunken or surfeited with water. In Jeremiah 48:26 (Sept. 31:26), it is found in the literal sense, to be drunken. The metaphorical use of the word has passed into common slang, as when a drunken man is said to be wetted or soaked (so Plato, above). The figurative use of the word in the Septuagint has a parallel in the use of ποτίζω, to give to drink, to express the watering of ground. So Genesis 2:6, a mist watered the face of the earth, or gave it drink. Compare Genesis 13:10; Deuteronomy 11:10. A curious use of the word occurs in Homer, where he is describing the stretching of a bull's hide, which, in order to make it more elastic, is soaked (μεθύουσαν) with fat ("Iliad," xvii. 390).

Worse (ἐλάσσω)

Literally, smaller. Implying both worse and weaker. Small appears in the same sense in English, as small-beer.

Hast kept (τετήρηκας)

See on 1 Peter 1:4.

John 2:10 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

and when.

Genesis 43:34 And he took and sent messes to them from before him: but Benjamin's mess was five times so much as any of theirs. And they drank...

Songs 5:1 I am come into my garden, my sister, my spouse: I have gathered my myrrh with my spice; I have eaten my honeycomb with my honey...

but.

Psalm 104:15 And wine that makes glad the heart of man, and oil to make his face to shine, and bread which strengthens man's heart.

Proverbs 9:1-6,16-18 Wisdom has built her house, she has hewn out her seven pillars...

Luke 16:25 But Abraham said, Son, remember that you in your lifetime received your good things, and likewise Lazarus evil things...

Revelation 7:16,17 They shall hunger no more, neither thirst any more; neither shall the sun light on them, nor any heat...

Cross References
Matthew 24:49
and begins to beat his fellow servants and eats and drinks with drunkards,

Luke 12:45
But if that servant says to himself, 'My master is delayed in coming,' and begins to beat the male and female servants, and to eat and drink and get drunk,

Acts 2:15
For these people are not drunk, as you suppose, since it is only the third hour of the day.

1 Corinthians 11:21
For in eating, each one goes ahead with his own meal. One goes hungry, another gets drunk.

Ephesians 5:18
And do not get drunk with wine, for that is debauchery, but be filled with the Spirit,

1 Thessalonians 5:7
For those who sleep, sleep at night, and those who get drunk, are drunk at night.

Revelation 17:2
with whom the kings of the earth have committed sexual immorality, and with the wine of whose sexual immorality the dwellers on earth have become drunk."

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