Joshua 10:16
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
These five kings fled and hid themselves in the cave at Makkedah.

King James Bible
But these five kings fled, and hid themselves in a cave at Makkedah.

American Standard Version
And these five kings fled, and hid themselves in the cave at Makkedah.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For the five kings were fled, and had hidden themselves in a cave of the city of Maceda.

English Revised Version
And these five kings fled, and hid themselves in the cave at Makkedah.

Webster's Bible Translation
But these five kings fled, and hid themselves in a cave at Makkedah.

Joshua 10:16 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

"Jehovah threw them into confusion," as He had promised in Exodus 23:27, and in all probability, judging from Joshua 10:11, by dreadful thunder and lightning (vid., 1 Samuel 7:10; Psalm 18:15; Psalm 144:6 : it is different in Exodus 14:24). "Israel smote them in a great slaughter at Gibeon, and pursued them by the way of the ascent of Bethhoron," i.e., Upper Bethhoron (Beit Ur, el-Foka), which was nearest to Gibeon, only four hours distant on the north-west, on a lofty promontory between two valleys, one on the north, the other on the south, and was separated from Lower Bethhoron, which lies further west, by a long steep pass, from which the ascent to Upper Bethhoron is very steep and rocky, though the rock has been cut away in many places now, and a path made by means of steps (see Rob. Pal. iii. p. 59). This pass between the two places leads downwards from Gibeon towards the western plain, and was called sometimes the ascent, or going up to Bethhoron, and sometimes the descent, or going down from it (Joshua 10:11), ἀνάβασις καὶ κατάβασις Βαιθωρῶν (1 Macc. 3:16, 24). Israel smote the enemy still further, "to Azekah and Makkedah:" so far were they pursued and beaten after the battle (cf. Joshua 10:16, Joshua 10:21). If we compare Joshua 10:11, according to which the enemy was smitten, from Bethhoron to Azekah, by a violent fall of hail, it is very evident that the two places were on the west of Bethhoron. And it is in perfect harmony with this that we find both places described as being in the lowland; Azekah in the hill-country between the mountains and the plain (Joshua 15:35), Makkedah in the plain itself (Joshua 15:41). Azekah, which was fortified by Rehoboam (2 Chronicles 11:9), besieged by Nebuchadnezzar (Jeremiah 34:7), and still inhabited after the captivity (Nehemiah 11:30), was not far from Socoh, according to Joshua 15:35; whilst sideways between the two was Ephes-dammim (1 Samuel 17:1). Van de Velde has discovered the latter in the ruins of Damm, about an hour's journey east by south from Beit Nettif (Mem. p. 290), and consequently imagines that Azekah is to be found in the village of Ahbek, which stands upon a lofty mountain-top a mile and a half to the north of Damm, and about four of five miles N.N.E. of Shuweikeh, supposing this to be Aphek. The statement in the Onom. (s. v. Ἀζηκά), ἀνάμεσον Ἐλευθεροπολεως καὶ Αἰλίας, agrees with this. Makkedah is described in the Onom. as being eight Roman miles to the east of Eleutheropolis, and hence Knobel supposes it to have been near Terkumieh, or Morak; but he is wrong in his supposition, as in that case it would have been in the hill-country or upon the mountains, whereas it was one of the towns in the plain (Joshua 15:41). Van de Velde's conjecture (p. 332) is a much more probable one, viz., that it is to be found in Summeil, a considerable village on an eminence in the plain, with a large public well 110 feet deep and 11 feet in diameter, with strongly built walls of hewn stones, where there is also part of an old wall, which to all appearance must formerly have belonged to a large square castle built of uncemented stones, resembling in some respects the oldest foundation wall of Beit Jibrin (Rob. Pal. ii. p. 368). It is two hours and a half to the north-west of Beit Jibrin, and there Van de Velde discovered the large cave (see at Joshua 10:16), which Robinson has not observed (see his Journey through Syria and Palestine).

Joshua 10:16 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

and hid

Psalm 48:4-6 For, see, the kings were assembled, they passed by together...

Psalm 139:7-10 Where shall I go from your spirit? or where shall I flee from your presence...

Isaiah 2:10-12 Enter into the rock, and hide you in the dust, for fear of the LORD, and for the glory of his majesty...

Amos 9:2 Though they dig into hell, there shall my hand take them; though they climb up to heaven, there will I bring them down:

Revelation 6:15 And the kings of the earth, and the great men, and the rich men, and the chief captains, and the mighty men, and every slave...

in a cave

Judges 6:2 And the hand of Midian prevailed against Israel...

1 Samuel 13:6 When the men of Israel saw that they were in a strait, (for the people were distressed,) then the people did hide themselves in caves...

1 Samuel 24:3,8 And he came to the sheepcotes by the way, where was a cave; and Saul went in to cover his feet...

Isaiah 2:19-22 And they shall go into the holes of the rocks, and into the caves of the earth, for fear of the LORD, and for the glory of his majesty...

Isaiah 24:21,22 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the LORD shall punish the host of the high ones that are on high...

Micah 7:17 They shall lick the dust like a serpent, they shall move out of their holes like worms of the earth...

Cross References
Joshua 10:5
Then the five kings of the Amorites, the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, and the king of Eglon, gathered their forces and went up with all their armies and encamped against Gibeon and made war against it.

Joshua 10:15
So Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, to the camp at Gilgal.

Joshua 10:17
And it was told to Joshua, "The five kings have been found, hidden in the cave at Makkedah."

Psalm 68:12
"The kings of the armies--they flee, they flee!" The women at home divide the spoil--

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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