Joshua 12:3
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
and the Arabah to the Sea of Chinneroth eastward, and in the direction of Beth-jeshimoth, to the Sea of the Arabah, the Salt Sea, southward to the foot of the slopes of Pisgah;

King James Bible
And from the plain to the sea of Chinneroth on the east, and unto the sea of the plain, even the salt sea on the east, the way to Bethjeshimoth; and from the south, under Ashdothpisgah:

American Standard Version
and the Arabah unto the sea of Chinneroth, eastward, and unto the sea of the Arabah, even the Salt Sea, eastward, the way to Beth-jeshimoth; and on the south, under the slopes of Pisgah:

Douay-Rheims Bible
And from the wilderness, to the sea of Ceneroth towards the east, and to the sea of the wilderness, which is the most salt sea, on the east side by the way that leadeth to Bethsimoth: and on the south side that lieth under Asedoth, Phasga.

English Revised Version
and the Arabah unto the sea of Chinneroth, eastward, and unto the sea of the Arabah, even the Salt Sea, eastward, the way to Beth-jeshimoth; and on the south, under the slopes of Pisgah:

Webster's Bible Translation
And from the plain to the sea of Cinneroth on the east, and to the sea of the plain, even the salt sea on the east, the way to Beth-jeshimoth; and from the south, under Ashdoth-pisgah:

Joshua 12:3 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Joshua made war with the kings of Canaan a long time; judging from Joshua 14:7, Joshua 14:10, as much as seven years, though Josephus (Ant. v. 1, 19) speaks of five (see at Joshua 14:10). No town submitted peaceably to the Israelites, with the exception of Gibeon: they took the whole in war. "For it was of the Lord" (Joshua 11:20), i.e., God ordered it so that they (the Canaanites) hardened their heart to make war upon Israel, that they might fall under the ban, and be destroyed without mercy. On the hardening of the heart as a work of God, see the remarks upon the hardening of Pharaoh (Exodus 4:21). It cannot be inferred from this, that if the Canaanites had received the Israelites amicably, God would have withdrawn His command to destroy them, and allowed the Israelites to make peace with them; for when they made peace with the Gibeonites, they did not inquire what as the will of the Lord, but acted in opposition to it (see at Joshua 9:14). The remark is made with special reference to this, and has been correctly explained by Augustine (qu. 8 in Jos.) as follows: "Because the Israelites had shown mercy to some of them of their own accord, though in opposition to the command of God, therefore it is stated that they (the Canaanites) made war upon them so that none of them were spared, and the Israelites were not induced to show mercy to the neglect of the commandment of God."

Joshua 12:3 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

sea of Chinneroth This inland sea, or rather lake, which drives its several names, the Lake of Tiberias, Sea of Galilee, Lake of Gennesaret, from the territory which forms its western and south-western border, is computed to be between seventeen and eighteen mile in length, and from five to six in breadth. The waters of this lake, which are sweet and agreeable, lie in a deep basin, surrounded with lofty hills, except at the north and south, where it is a plain country or level. There is a current through the whole lake even to the shore; and the Jordan through it is discernible by the smoothness of the surface in that part. Its appearance from the north- western extremity is said by Mr. Buckingham to be exceedingly grand; but the barren aspect of the mountains on each side, and the total absence of wood, give a cast of dullness to the picture.

Joshua 11:2 And to the kings that were on the north of the mountains, and of the plains south of Chinneroth, and in the valley...

Deuteronomy 3:17 The plain also, and Jordan, and the coast thereof, from Chinnereth even to the sea of the plain, even the salt sea...

John 6:1,3 After these things Jesus went over the sea of Galilee, which is the sea of Tiberias...

John 19:25 Now there stood by the cross of Jesus his mother, and his mother's sister, Mary the wife of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene.

Deuteronomy 3:17 The plain also, and Jordan, and the coast thereof, from Chinnereth even to the sea of the plain, even the salt sea...

Beth-jeshimoth

Joshua 13:20 And Bethpeor, and Ashdothpisgah, and Bethjeshimoth,

the south. or, Teman
Ashdoth-pisgah. or, the springs of Pisgah. or, the hill

Numbers 21:20 And from Bamoth in the valley, that is in the country of Moab, to the top of Pisgah, which looks toward Jeshimon.

Deuteronomy 3:17 The plain also, and Jordan, and the coast thereof, from Chinnereth even to the sea of the plain, even the salt sea...

Deuteronomy 4:49 And all the plain on this side Jordan eastward, even to the sea of the plain, under the springs of Pisgah.

Cross References
Luke 5:1
On one occasion, while the crowd was pressing in on him to hear the word of God, he was standing by the lake of Gennesaret,

Deuteronomy 3:17
the Arabah also, with the Jordan as the border, from Chinnereth as far as the Sea of the Arabah, the Salt Sea, under the slopes of Pisgah on the east.

Joshua 11:2
and to the kings who were in the northern hill country, and in the Arabah south of Chinneroth, and in the lowland, and in Naphoth-dor on the west,

Joshua 13:20
and Beth-peor, and the slopes of Pisgah, and Beth-jeshimoth,

1 Kings 15:20
And Ben-hadad listened to King Asa and sent the commanders of his armies against the cities of Israel and conquered Ijon, Dan, Abel-beth-maacah, and all Chinneroth, with all the land of Naphtali.

Ezekiel 25:9
therefore I will lay open the flank of Moab from the cities, from its cities on its frontier, the glory of the country, Beth-jeshimoth, Baal-meon, and Kiriathaim.

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Arabah Ashdothpisgah Ashdoth-Pisgah Beth Bethjeshimoth Beth-Jeshimoth Chinneroth Chin'neroth Cinneroth Direction East Eastern Eastward Jeshimoth Kinnereth Pisgah Plain Ruled Salt Sea Slopes South Southward Springs Way
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Arabah Ashdothpisgah Ashdoth-Pisgah Beth Bethjeshimoth Beth-Jeshimoth Chinneroth Chin'neroth Cinneroth Direction East Eastern Eastward Jeshimoth Kinnereth Pisgah Plain Ruled Salt Sea Slopes South Southward Springs Way
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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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