Joshua 14:13
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Then Joshua blessed him, and he gave Hebron to Caleb the son of Jephunneh for an inheritance.

King James Bible
And Joshua blessed him, and gave unto Caleb the son of Jephunneh Hebron for an inheritance.

American Standard Version
And Joshua blessed him; and he gave Hebron unto Caleb the son of Jephunneh for an inheritance.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Josue blessed him, and gave him Hebron in possession.

English Revised Version
And Joshua blessed him; and he gave Hebron unto Caleb the son of Jephunneh for an inheritance.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Joshua blessed him, and gave to Caleb the son of Jephunneh Hebron for an inheritance.

Joshua 14:13 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Caleb's Inheritance. - Joshua 14:6. Before the casting of the lots commenced, Caleb came to Joshua along with the sons of Judah, and asked for the mountains of Hebron for his possession, appealing at the same time to the fact, that forty-five years before Moses had promised it to him on oath, because he had not discouraged the people and stirred them up to rebellion, as the other spies that were sent from Kadesh to Canaan had done, but had faithfully followed the Lord.

(Note: The grounds upon which Knobel follows Maurer and others in affirming that this account does not belong to the so-called Elohist, but is merely a fragment taken from the first document of the Jehovist, are formed partly from misinterpretations of particular verses and partly from baseless assumptions. To the former belongs the assertion, that, according to Joshua 14:8, Joshua 14:12, Joshua was not one of the spies (see the remarks on Joshua 14:8); to the latter the assertion, that the Elohist does not represent Joshua as dividing the land, or Caleb as receiving so large a territory (see on the contrary, however, the exposition of Joshua 14:13), as well as the enumeration of all kinds of words which are said to be foreign to the Elohistic document.)

This occurred at Gilgal, where the casting of the lots as to take place. Caleb was not "the head of the Judahites," as Knobel maintains, but simply the head of a father's house of Judah, and, as we may infer from his surname, "the Kenizzite" or descendant of Kenaz ("the Kenizzite" here and Numbers 32:12 is equivalent to "son of Kenaz," Joshua 15:17, and Judges 1:13), head of the father's house which sprang from Kenaz, i.e., of a subdivision of the Judahite family of Hezron; for Caleb, the brother of Jerahmeel and father of Achzah, according to 1 Chronicles 2:42 (cf. 1 Chronicles 2:49), was the same person as Caleb the descendant of Hezron mentioned in 1 Chronicles 2:18. From the surname "the Kenizzite" we are of course not to understand that Caleb or his father Jephunneh is described as a descendant of the Canaanitish tribe of Kenizzites (Genesis 15:19); but Kenaz was a descendant of Hezron, the son of Perez and grandson of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:5, 1 Chronicles 2:18, 1 Chronicles 2:25), of whom nothing further is known. Consequently it was not the name of a tribe, but of a person, and, as we may see from 1 Chronicles 4:15, where one of the sons of Caleb is called Kenaz, the name was repeated in the family. The sons of Judah who came to Joshua along with Caleb were not the Judahites generally, therefore, or representatives of all the families of Judah, but simply members or representatives of the father's house of Judah which took its name from Kenaz, and of which Caleb was the head at that time. Caleb reminded Joshua of the word which the Lord had spoken concerning them in Kadesh-barnea, i.e., the promise of God that they should both of them enter the land of Canaan (Numbers 14:24, Numbers 14:30), and then proceeded to observe (Joshua 14:7): "When I was forty years old, and was sent by Moses as a spy to Canaan, I brought back an answer as it was in my mind," i.e., according to the best of my convictions, without fear of man or regard to the favour of the people.

Joshua 14:13 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

blessed

Joshua 22:6 So Joshua blessed them, and sent them away: and they went to their tents.

Genesis 47:7,10 And Joseph brought in Jacob his father, and set him before Pharaoh: and Jacob blessed Pharaoh...

1 Samuel 1:17 Then Eli answered and said, Go in peace: and the God of Israel grant you your petition that you have asked of him.

Songs 6:9 My dove, my undefiled is but one; she is the only one of her mother, she is the choice one of her that bore her. The daughters saw her...

gave unto

Joshua 10:36,37 And Joshua went up from Eglon, and all Israel with him, to Hebron; and they fought against it...

Joshua 15:13 And to Caleb the son of Jephunneh he gave a part among the children of Judah, according to the commandment of the LORD to Joshua...

Joshua 21:11,12 And they gave them the city of Arba the father of Anak, which city is Hebron, in the hill country of Judah...

Judges 1:20 And they gave Hebron to Caleb, as Moses said: and he expelled there the three sons of Anak.

1 Chronicles 6:55,56 And they gave them Hebron in the land of Judah, and the suburbs thereof round about it...

Cross References
Joshua 14:14
Therefore Hebron became the inheritance of Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenizzite to this day, because he wholly followed the LORD, the God of Israel.

Joshua 15:13
According to the commandment of the LORD to Joshua, he gave to Caleb the son of Jephunneh a portion among the people of Judah, Kiriath-arba, that is, Hebron (Arba was the father of Anak).

Joshua 22:6
So Joshua blessed them and sent them away, and they went to their tents.

Judges 1:20
And Hebron was given to Caleb, as Moses had said. And he drove out from it the three sons of Anak.

1 Samuel 30:14
We had made a raid against the Negeb of the Cherethites and against that which belongs to Judah and against the Negeb of Caleb, and we burned Ziklag with fire."

1 Samuel 30:31
in Hebron, for all the places where David and his men had roamed.

2 Samuel 2:1
After this David inquired of the LORD, "Shall I go up into any of the cities of Judah?" And the LORD said to him, "Go up." David said, "To which shall I go up?" And he said, "To Hebron."

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