Joshua 19:41
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And the territory of its inheritance included Zorah, Eshtaol, Ir-shemesh,

King James Bible
And the coast of their inheritance was Zorah, and Eshtaol, and Irshemesh,

American Standard Version
And the border of their inheritance was Zorah, and Eshtaol, and Ir-shemesh,

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the border of their possession was Saraa and Esthaol, and Hirsemes, that is, the city of the sun.

English Revised Version
And the border of their inheritance was Zorah, and Eshtaol, and Ir-shemesh;

Webster's Bible Translation
And the border of their inheritance was Zorah, and Eshtaol, and Ir-shemesh,

Joshua 19:41 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The fortified towns of Naphtali were the following. Ziddim: unknown, though Knobel suggests that "it may possibly be preserved in Chirbet es Saudeh, to the west of the southern extremity of the Lake of Tiberias (Rob. iii. App.);" but this place is to the west of the Wady Bessum, i.e., in the territory of Issachar. Zer is also unknown. As the lxx and Syriac give the name as Zor, Knobel connects it with Kerak, which signifies fortress as well as Zor ( equals מצור), a heap of ruins at the southern end of the lake (Rob. iii. p. 263), the place which Josephus calls Taricheae (see Reland, p. 1026), - a very doubtful combination! Hammath (i.e., thermae), a Levitical town called Hammaoth-dor in Joshua 21:32, and Hammon in 1 Chronicles 6:61, was situated, according to statements in the Talmud, somewhere near the later city of Tiberias, on the western shore of the Lake of Gennesareth, and was no doubt identical with the κώμεε Αμμαούς in the neighbourhood of Tiberias, a place with warm baths (Jos. Ant. xviii. 2, 3; Bell. Judg. iv. 1, 3). There are warm springs still to be found half an hour to the south of Tabaria, which are used as baths (Burckhardt, Syr. pp. 573-4; Rob. iii. pp. 258ff.). Rakkath (according to the Talm. and Rabb. ripa littus) was situated, according to rabbinical accounts, in the immediate neighbourhood of Hammath, and was the same place as Tiberias; but the account given by Josephus (Ant. xviii. 2, 3; cf. Bell. Judg. ii. 9, 1) respecting the founding of Tiberias by Herod the tetrarch is at variance with this; so that the rabbinical statements appear to have no other foundation than the etymology of the name Rakkath. Chinnereth is given in the Targums as גניסר, גינוסר, גּנּוסר, i.e., Γεννησάρ. According to Josephus (Bell. Jude 3.10, 8), this name was given to a strip of land on the shore of the Sea of Galilee, which was distinguished for its natural beauty, its climate, and its fertility, namely the long plain, about twenty minutes broad and an hour long, which stretches along the western shore of this lake, from el-Mejdel on the south to Khan Minyeh on the north (Burckhardt, Syr. pp. 558-9; Rob. iii. pp. 279, 290). It must have been in this plain that the town of Chinnereth stood, from which the plain and lake together derived the name of Chinnereth (Deuteronomy 3:17) or Chinneroth (Joshua 11:2), and the lake alone the name of "Sea of Chinnereth," or "Sea of Chinneroth" (Joshua 12:3; Joshua 13:27; Numbers 34:11).

Joshua 19:41 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Zorah Situated on the frontiers of Dan and Judah, tens miles from Eleutheropolis, towards Nicoplis, according to Eusebius, not far from Caphar Sorek.

Joshua 15:33 And in the valley, Eshtaol, and Zoreah, and Ashnah,


Judges 13:2,25 And there was a certain man of Zorah, of the family of the Danites, whose name was Manoah; and his wife was barren, and bore not...

Judges 16:31 Then his brothers and all the house of his father came down, and took him, and brought him up...

Judges 18:2 And the children of Dan sent of their family five men from their coasts, men of valor, from Zorah, and from Eshtaol...

1 Chronicles 2:53 And the families of Kirjathjearim; the Ithrites, and the Puhites, and the Shumathites, and the Mishraites; of them came the Zareathites...

2 Chronicles 11:10 And Zorah, and Aijalon, and Hebron, which are in Judah and in Benjamin fenced cities.

Irshemesh Supposed by some to be the same as Beth-shemesh in the tribe of Judah; but this latter city is evidently distinguished from it by being assigned by the tribe of Judah to the Levites (ch

Joshua 21:16 And Ain with her suburbs, and Juttah with her suburbs, and Bethshemesh with her suburbs; nine cities out of those two tribes.


Ir-shemesh rendered () by the LXX., seems to be the same as Emmaus or Nicopolis,

22 miles south-east from Lydda, according to the Old Jerusalem Itinerary.

Cross References
Joshua 15:33
And in the lowland, Eshtaol, Zorah, Ashnah,

Joshua 19:40
The seventh lot came out for the tribe of the people of Dan, according to their clans.

Joshua 19:42
Shaalabbin, Aijalon, Ithlah,

Judges 13:2
There was a certain man of Zorah, of the tribe of the Danites, whose name was Manoah. And his wife was barren and had no children.

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