Joshua 2:1
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And Joshua the son of Nun sent two men secretly from Shittim as spies, saying, “Go, view the land, especially Jericho.” And they went and came into the house of a prostitute whose name was Rahab and lodged there.

King James Bible
And Joshua the son of Nun sent out of Shittim two men to spy secretly, saying, Go view the land, even Jericho. And they went, and came into an harlot's house, named Rahab, and lodged there.

American Standard Version
And Joshua the son of Nun sent out of Shittim two men as spies secretly, saying, Go, view the land, and Jericho. And they went and came into the house of a harlot whose name was Rahab, and lay there.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Josue the son of Nun sent from Setim two men, to spy secretly: and said to them: Go, and view the land and the city of Jericho. n They went and entered into the house of a woman that was a harlot named Rahab, and lodged with her.

English Revised Version
And Joshua the son of Nun sent out of Shittim two men as spies secretly, saying, Go view the land, and Jericho. And they went, and came into the house of an harlot whose name was Rahab, and lay there.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Joshua the son of Nun sent from Shittim two men to spy secretly, saying, Go, view the land, even Jericho. And they went, and came into the house of a harlot, named Rahab, and lodged there.

Joshua 2:1 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Joshua's appeal to the two tribes and a half, to remember the condition on which Moses gave them the land on the east of the Jordan for an inheritance, and to fulfil it, met with a ready response; to that these tribes not only promised to obey his commandments in every respect, but threatened every one with death who should refuse obedience. In recalling this condition to the recollection of the tribes referred to, Joshua follows the expressions in Deuteronomy 3:18-20, where Moses himself recapitulates his former command, rather than the original passage in Numbers 32. The expression "this land" shows that the speaker was still on the other side of the Jordan. חמשׁים, with the loins girded, i.e., prepared for war, synonymous with חלצים in Deuteronomy 3:18 and Numbers 32:32 (see at Exodus 13:18). חיל כּל־גּבּורי, all the mighty men of valour, i.e., the grave warriors (as in Joshua 6:2; Joshua 8:3; Joshua 10:7, and very frequently in the later books), is not common to this book and Deuteronomy, as Knobel maintains, but is altogether strange to the Pentateuch. The word "all" (v. 14, like Numbers 32:21, Numbers 32:27) must not be pressed. According to Joshua 4:13, there were only about 40,000 men belonging to the two tribes and a half who crossed the Jordan to take part in the war; whereas, according to Numbers 26:7, Numbers 26:18, Numbers 26:34, there were 110,000 men in these tribes who were capable of bearing arms, so that 70,000 must have remained behind for the protection of the women and children and of the flocks and herds, and to defend the land of which they had taken possession. On Joshua 1:15 see Deuteronomy 3:18; and on the more minute definition of "on this side (lit. beyond) Jordan" by "toward the sun-rising," compare the remarks on Numbers 32:19. The answer of the two tribes and a half, in which they not only most cheerfully promise their help in the conquest of Canaan, but also express the wish that Joshua may have the help of the Lord (Joshua 1:17 compared with Joshua 1:4), and after threatening all who refuse obedience with death, close with the divine admonition, "only be strong and of a good courage" (Joshua 1:18, cf. Joshua 1:6), furnishes a proof of the wish that inspired them to help their brethren, that all the tribes might speedily enter into the peaceable possession of the promised inheritance. The expression "rebel against the commandment" is used in Deuteronomy 1:26, Deuteronomy 1:43; Deuteronomy 9:23; 1 Samuel 12:14, to denote resistance to the commandments of the Lord; here it denotes opposition to His representative, the commander chosen by the Lord, which was to be punished with death, according to the law in Deuteronomy 17:12.

Joshua 2:1 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

sent. or, had sent
Shittim

Numbers 25:1 And Israel stayed in Shittim, and the people began to commit prostitution with the daughters of Moab.

Numbers 33:49 And they pitched by Jordan, from Bethjesimoth even to Abelshittim in the plains of Moab.

to spy secretly

Numbers 13:2,17-21 Send you men, that they may search the land of Canaan, which I give to the children of Israel...

Joshua 18:2,14,17 And there remained among the children of Israel seven tribes, which had not yet received their inheritance...

Matthew 10:16 Behold, I send you forth as sheep in the middle of wolves: be you therefore wise as serpents, and harmless as doves.

Ephesians 5:5 For this you know, that no fornicator, nor unclean person, nor covetous man, who is an idolater...

even Jericho

Joshua 5:10 And the children of Israel encamped in Gilgal, and kept the passover on the fourteenth day of the month at even in the plains of Jericho...

Joshua 6:1-24 Now Jericho was straightly shut up because of the children of Israel: none went out, and none came in...

harlot's house Though the word {zonah} generally denotes a prostitute, yet many very learned men are of opinion that it should be here rendered an {innkeeper} or {hostess}, from {zoon} to furnish or provide food. In this sense it was understood by the Targumist, who renders it, {ittetha pundekeetha, `a woman, a tavern-keeper}, and so Chrysostome, in his second sermon on Repentance, calls her (). The Greek () by which the LXX. render it, and which is adopted by the Apostles, is derived from () to sell, and is also supposed to denote a tavern keeper. Among the ancients, women generally kept houses of entertainment. Herodotus says, `Among the Egyptians, the women carry on all commercial concerns, and keep taverns, while the men continue at home and weave.' The same custom prevailed among the Greeks.

Joshua 6:17,25 And the city shall be accursed, even it, and all that are therein, to the LORD: only Rahab the harlot shall live...

Matthew 1:5 And Salmon begat Booz of Rachab; and Booz begat Obed of Ruth; and Obed begat Jesse;

Rachab

Joshua 21:31 Helkath with her suburbs, and Rehob with her suburbs; four cities.

Hebrews 11:31 By faith the harlot Rahab perished not with them that believed not, when she had received the spies with peace.

James 2:25 Likewise also was not Rahab the harlot justified by works, when she had received the messengers, and had sent them out another way?

lodged [heb] lay

Cross References
Hebrews 11:31
By faith Rahab the prostitute did not perish with those who were disobedient, because she had given a friendly welcome to the spies.

James 2:25
And in the same way was not also Rahab the prostitute justified by works when she received the messengers and sent them out by another way?

Numbers 25:1
While Israel lived in Shittim, the people began to whore with the daughters of Moab.

Joshua 1:18
Whoever rebels against your commandment and disobeys your words, whatever you command him, shall be put to death. Only be strong and courageous."

Joshua 2:2
And it was told to the king of Jericho, "Behold, men of Israel have come here tonight to search out the land."

Joshua 3:1
Then Joshua rose early in the morning and they set out from Shittim. And they came to the Jordan, he and all the people of Israel, and lodged there before they passed over.

Micah 6:5
O my people, remember what Balak king of Moab devised, and what Balaam the son of Beor answered him, and what happened from Shittim to Gilgal, that you may know the righteous acts of the LORD."

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