Joshua 2:12
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Now then, please swear to me by the LORD that, as I have dealt kindly with you, you also will deal kindly with my father’s house, and give me a sure sign

King James Bible
Now therefore, I pray you, swear unto me by the LORD, since I have shewed you kindness, that ye will also shew kindness unto my father's house, and give me a true token:

American Standard Version
Now therefore, I pray you, swear unto me by Jehovah, since I have dealt kindly with you, that ye also will deal kindly with my father's house, and give me a true token;

Douay-Rheims Bible
Now therefore swear ye to me by the Lord, that as I have shewn mercy to you, so you also will shew mercy to my father's house: and give me a true token,

English Revised Version
Now therefore, I pray you, swear unto me by the LORD, since I have dealt kindly with you, that ye also will deal kindly with my father's house, and give me a true token:

Webster's Bible Translation
Now therefore, I pray you, swear to me by the LORD, since I have showed you kindness, that ye will also show kindness to my father's house, and give me a true token:

Joshua 2:12 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

When the king of Jericho was informed of the fact that these strange men had entered the house of Rahab, and suspecting their reason for coming, summoned Rahab to give them up, she hid them (lit., hid him, i.e., each one of the spies: for this change from the plural to the singular see Ewald, 219), and said to the king's messengers: כּן, recte, "It is quite correct, the men came to me, but I do not know where they were from; and when in the darkness the gate was at the shutting (i.e., ought to be shut: for this construction, see Genesis 15:12), they went out again, I know not whither. Pursue them quickly, you will certainly overtake them." The writer then adds this explanation in Joshua 2:6 : she had hidden them upon the roof of her house among stalks of flax. The expression "to-night" (lit., the night) in Joshua 2:2 is more precisely defined in Joshua 2:5, viz., as night was coming on, before the town-gate was shut, after which it would have been in vain for them to attempt to leave the town. "Stalks of flax," not "cotton pods" (Arab., J. D. Mich. ), or "tree-flax, i.e., cotton," as Thenius explains it, but flax stalks or stalk-flax, as distinguished from carded flax, in which there is no wood left, λινοκαλάμη, stipula lini (lxx, Vulg.). Flax stalks, which grow to the height of three or four feet in Egypt, and attain the thickness of a reed, and would probably be quite as large in the plain of Jericho, the climate of which resembles that of Egypt, would form a very good hiding-place for the spies if they were piled up upon the roof to dry in the sun. The falsehood by which Rahab sought not only to avert all suspicion from herself of any conspiracy with the Israelitish men who had entered her house, but to prevent any further search for them in her house, and to frustrate the attempt to arrest them, is not to be justified as a lie of necessity told for a good purpose, nor, as Grotius maintains, by the unfounded assertion that, "before the preaching of the gospel, a salutary lie was not regarded as a fault even by good men." Nor can it be shown that it was thought "allowable," or even "praiseworthy," simply because the writer mentions the fact without expressing any subjective opinion, or because, as we learn from what follows (Joshua 2:9.), Rahab was convinced of the truth of the miracles which God had wrought for His people, and acted in firm faith that the true God would give the land of Canaan to the Israelites, and that all opposition made to them would be vain, and would be, in fact, rebellion against the Almighty God himself. For a lie is always a sin. Therefore even if Rahab was not actuated at all by the desire to save herself and her family from destruction, and the motive from which she acted had its roots in her faith in the living God (Hebrews 11:31), so that what she did for the spies, and thereby for the cause of the Lord, was counted to her for righteousness ("justified by works," James 2:25), yet the course which she adopted was a sin of weakness, which was forgiven her in mercy because of her faith.

(Note: Calvin's estimate is also a correct one: "It has often happened, that even when good men have endeavoured to keep a straight course, they have turned aside into circuitous paths. Rahab acted wrongly when she told a lie and said that the spies had gone; and the action was acceptable to God only because the evil that was mixed with the good was not imputed to her. Yet, although God wished the spies to be delivered, He did not sanction their being protected by a lie." Augustine also pronounces the same opinion concerning Rahab as that which he expressed concerning the Hebrew midwives (see the comm. on Exodus 1:21).)

Joshua 2:12 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

swear

Joshua 9:15,18-20 And Joshua made peace with them, and made a league with them, to let them live: and the princes of the congregation swore to them...

1 Samuel 20:14,15,17 And you shall not only while yet I live show me the kindness of the LORD, that I die not...

1 Samuel 30:15 And David said to him, Can you bring me down to this company? And he said, Swear to me by God, that you will neither kill me...

2 Chronicles 36:13 And he also rebelled against king Nebuchadnezzar, who had made him swear by God: but he stiffened his neck...

Jeremiah 12:16 And it shall come to pass, if they will diligently learn the ways of my people, to swear by my name, The LORD lives...

that ye will

1 Samuel 20:14-17 And you shall not only while yet I live show me the kindness of the LORD, that I die not...

1 Samuel 24:21,22 Swear now therefore to me by the LORD, that you will not cut off my seed after me...

Esther 8:6 For how can I endure to see the evil that shall come to my people? or how can I endure to see the destruction of my kindred?

2 Timothy 1:16-18 The Lord give mercy to the house of Onesiphorus; for he oft refreshed me, and was not ashamed of my chain...

James 2:13 For he shall have judgment without mercy, that has showed no mercy; and mercy rejoices against judgment.

my father's

Joshua 2:13 And that you will save alive my father, and my mother, and my brothers, and my sisters, and all that they have...

Genesis 24:3,9 And I will make you swear by the LORD, the God of heaven, and the God of the earth...

Romans 1:31 Without understanding, covenant breakers, without natural affection, implacable, unmerciful:

1 Timothy 5:8 But if any provide not for his own, and specially for those of his own house, he has denied the faith, and is worse than an infidel.

give me

Joshua 2:18 Behold, when we come into the land, you shall bind this line of scarlet thread in the window which you did let us down by...

Exodus 12:13 And the blood shall be to you for a token on the houses where you are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you...

Ezekiel 9:4-6 And the LORD said to him, Go through the middle of the city, through the middle of Jerusalem...

Mark 14:44 And he that betrayed him had given them a token, saying, Whomsoever I shall kiss, that same is he; take him, and lead him away safely.

Cross References
Genesis 21:23
Now therefore swear to me here by God that you will not deal falsely with me or with my descendants or with my posterity, but as I have dealt kindly with you, so you will deal with me and with the land where you have sojourned."

Genesis 40:14
Only remember me, when it is well with you, and please do me the kindness to mention me to Pharaoh, and so get me out of this house.

Joshua 2:13
that you will save alive my father and mother, my brothers and sisters, and all who belong to them, and deliver our lives from death."

Joshua 2:18
Behold, when we come into the land, you shall tie this scarlet cord in the window through which you let us down, and you shall gather into your house your father and mother, your brothers, and all your father's household.

Joshua 2:19
Then if anyone goes out of the doors of your house into the street, his blood shall be on his own head, and we shall be guiltless. But if a hand is laid on anyone who is with you in the house, his blood shall be on our head.

Joshua 6:22
But to the two men who had spied out the land, Joshua said, "Go into the prostitute's house and bring out from there the woman and all who belong to her, as you swore to her."

Judges 1:24
And the spies saw a man coming out of the city, and they said to him, "Please show us the way into the city, and we will deal kindly with you."

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