Jude 1:12
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
These are hidden reefs at your love feasts, as they feast with you without fear, shepherds feeding themselves; waterless clouds, swept along by winds; fruitless trees in late autumn, twice dead, uprooted;

King James Bible
These are spots in your feasts of charity, when they feast with you, feeding themselves without fear: clouds they are without water, carried about of winds; trees whose fruit withereth, without fruit, twice dead, plucked up by the roots;

American Standard Version
These are they who are hidden rocks in your love-feasts when they feast with you, shepherds that without fear feed themselves; clouds without water, carried along by winds; autumn leaves without fruit, twice dead, plucked up by the roots;

Douay-Rheims Bible
These are spots in their banquets, feasting together without fear, feeding themselves, clouds without water, which are carried about by winds, trees of the autumn, unfruitful, twice dead, plucked up by the roots,

English Revised Version
These are they who are hidden rocks in your love-feasts when they feast with you, shepherds that without fear feed themselves; clouds without water, carried along by winds; autumn trees without fruit, twice dead, plucked up by the roots;

Webster's Bible Translation
These are spots in your feasts of charity, when they feast with you, feeding themselves without fear: clouds they are without water, carried about by winds; withered autumnal trees, without fruit, twice dead, plucked out by the roots;

Weymouth New Testament
These men--sunken rocks! --are those who share the pleasure of your love-feasts, unrestrained by fear while caring only for themselves; clouds without water, driven away by the winds; trees that cast their fruit, barren, doubly dead, uprooted;

Jude 1:12 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Spots (σπιλάδες)

Only here in New Testament. So rendered in A. V., because understood as kindred to σπῖλοι (2 Peter 2:13); but rightly, as Rev., hidden rocks. So Homer, ("Odyssey," iii., 298), "the waves dashed the ship against the rocks (σπιλάδεσσιν)." See on deceivings, 2 Peter 2:13. These men were no longer mere blots, but elements of danger and wreck.

When they feast with you

See on 2 Peter 2:13.

Feeding (ποιμαίνοντες)

See on 1 Peter 5:2. Lit., shepherding themselves; and so Rev., shepherds that feed themselves; further their own schemes and lusts instead of tending the flock of God. Compare Isaiah 56:11.

Without fear (ἀφόβως)

Of such judgments as visited Ananias and Sapphira. Possibly, as Lumby suggests, implying a rebuke to the Christian congregations for having suffered such practices.

Clouds without water

Compare 2 Peter 2:17, springs without water. As clouds which seem to be charged with refreshing showers, but are borne past (παραφερόμεναι) and yield no rain.

Whose fruit withereth (φθινοπωρινὰ)

From φθίνω or φθίω, to waste away, pine, and ὀπώρα, autumn. Hence, literally, pertaining to the late autumn, and rightly rendered by Rev., autumn (trees). The A. V. is entirely wrong. Wyc., harvest trees. Tynd., trees without fruit at gathering-time.

Twice dead

Not only the apparent death of winter, but a real death; so that it only remains to pluck them up by the roots.

Jude 1:12 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

are spots. See on

2 Peter 2:13,14 And shall receive the reward of unrighteousness, as they that count it pleasure to riot in the day time. Spots they are and blemishes...

feasts.

1 Corinthians 11:21,22 For in eating every one takes before other his own supper: and one is hungry, and another is drunken...

feeding.

Psalm 78:29-31 So they did eat, and were well filled: for he gave them their own desire...

Isaiah 56:10-12 His watchmen are blind: they are all ignorant, they are all dumb dogs, they cannot bark; sleeping, lying down, loving to slumber...

Ezekiel 34:8,18 As I live, said the Lord GOD, surely because my flock became a prey, and my flock became meat to every beast of the field...

Luke 12:19,20,45 And I will say to my soul, Soul, you have much goods laid up for many years; take your ease, eat, drink, and be merry...

Luke 16:19 There was a certain rich man, which was clothed in purple and fine linen, and fared sumptuously every day:

Luke 21:34 And take heed to yourselves, lest at any time your hearts be overcharged with surfeiting, and drunkenness, and cares of this life...

Philippians 3:19 Whose end is destruction, whose God is their belly, and whose glory is in their shame, who mind earthly things.)

1 Thessalonians 5:6,7 Therefore let us not sleep, as do others; but let us watch and be sober...

James 5:5 You have lived in pleasure on the earth, and been wanton; you have nourished your hearts, as in a day of slaughter.

clouds.

Proverbs 25:14 Whoever boasts himself of a false gift is like clouds and wind without rain.

Hosea 6:4 O Ephraim, what shall I do to you? O Judah, what shall I do to you? for your goodness is as a morning cloud...

2 Peter 2:17 These are wells without water, clouds that are carried with a tempest; to whom the mist of darkness is reserved for ever.

carried.

Ephesians 4:14 That we from now on be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight of men...

trees.

Psalm 1:3 And he shall be like a tree planted by the rivers of water, that brings forth his fruit in his season; his leaf also shall not wither...

Psalm 37:2 For they shall soon be cut down like the grass, and wither as the green herb.

Matthew 13:6 And when the sun was up, they were scorched; and because they had no root, they withered away.

Matthew 21:19,20 And when he saw a fig tree in the way, he came to it, and found nothing thereon, but leaves only, and said to it...

Mark 4:6 But when the sun was up, it was scorched; and because it had no root, it withered away.

Mark 11:21 And Peter calling to remembrance said to him, Master, behold, the fig tree which you cursed is withered away.

Luke 8:6 And some fell on a rock; and as soon as it was sprung up, it withered away, because it lacked moisture.

John 15:4-6 Abide in me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, except it abide in the vine; no more can you...

twice.

1 Timothy 5:6 But she that lives in pleasure is dead while she lives.

Hebrews 6:4-8 For it is impossible for those who were once enlightened, and have tasted of the heavenly gift...

See on

2 Peter 2:18-20 For when they speak great swelling words of vanity, they allure through the lusts of the flesh, through much wantonness...

plucked.

2 Chronicles 7:20 Then will I pluck them up by the roots out of my land which I have given them; and this house, which I have sanctified for my name...

Ezekiel 17:9 Say you, Thus said the Lord GOD; Shall it prosper? shall he not pull up the roots thereof, and cut off the fruit thereof...

Matthew 15:13 But he answered and said, Every plant, which my heavenly Father has not planted, shall be rooted up.

Mark 11:20 And in the morning, as they passed by, they saw the fig tree dried up from the roots.

Cross References
Proverbs 25:14
Like clouds and wind without rain is a man who boasts of a gift he does not give.

Ezekiel 34:2
"Son of man, prophesy against the shepherds of Israel; prophesy, and say to them, even to the shepherds, Thus says the Lord GOD: Ah, shepherds of Israel who have been feeding yourselves! Should not shepherds feed the sheep?

Ezekiel 34:8
As I live, declares the Lord GOD, surely because my sheep have become a prey, and my sheep have become food for all the wild beasts, since there was no shepherd, and because my shepherds have not searched for my sheep, but the shepherds have fed themselves, and have not fed my sheep,

Matthew 15:13
He answered, "Every plant that my heavenly Father has not planted will be rooted up.

1 Corinthians 11:20
When you come together, it is not the Lord's supper that you eat.

1 Corinthians 11:21
For in eating, each one goes ahead with his own meal. One goes hungry, another gets drunk.

Ephesians 4:14
so that we may no longer be children, tossed to and fro by the waves and carried about by every wind of doctrine, by human cunning, by craftiness in deceitful schemes.

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