Judges 21:1
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Now the men of Israel had sworn at Mizpah, “No one of us shall give his daughter in marriage to Benjamin.”

King James Bible
Now the men of Israel had sworn in Mizpeh, saying, There shall not any of us give his daughter unto Benjamin to wife.

American Standard Version
Now the men of Israel had sworn in Mizpah, saying, There shall not any of us give his daughter unto Benjamin to wife.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Now the children of Israel had also sworn in Maspha, saying: None of us shall give of his daughters to the children of Benjamin to wife.

English Revised Version
Now the men of Israel had sworn in Mizpah, saying, There shall not any of us give his daughter unto Benjamin to wife.

Webster's Bible Translation
Now the men of Israel had sworn in Mizpeh, saying, There shall not any of us give his daughter to Benjamin for a wife.

Judges 21:1 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The Benjaminites "now turned (flying) before the Israelites to the way of the desert," i.e., no doubt the desert which rises from Jericho to the mountains of Bethel (Joshua 16:1). They fled therefore towards the north-east; but the battle had overtaken (reached or seized) them, and those out of the towns (had perished). The difficult expression מהערים ואשׁר, of which very different, and for the most part arbitrary, explanations have been given, can only be in apposition to the suffix attached to the verb: "Benjamin, and in fact those who had come to the help of Gibeah out of the towns of Benjamin" (see Judges 20:14, Judges 20:15), i.e., all the Benjaminites. The following words, וגו משׁחיתים, are a circumstantial clause explanatory of the previous clause, הדב המּלחמה: "since they (the men of Israel) destroyed him (Benjamin) in the midst of it." The singular suffix בּתוכו does not refer to Benjamin, as this would yield no sense at all, but to the preceding words, "the way of the desert" (see Judges 20:45). - In Judges 20:43 the account is continued by three perfects attached to one another without a copula: "they enclosed (hedged round) Benjamin, pursued him; at the place of rest they trod him down to before Gibeah eastwards." מנוּחה is not used adverbially in the sense of "quietly," which would not give any fitting meaning, but is an accus. loci, and signifies place of rest, as in Numbers 10:33. The notice "to before Gibeah" refers to all three verbs.

Judges 21:1 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

had sword

Judges 20:1,8,10 Then all the children of Israel went out, and the congregation was gathered together as one man, from Dan even to Beersheba...

Jeremiah 4:2 And you shall swear, The LORD lives, in truth, in judgment, and in righteousness; and the nations shall bless themselves in him...

There

Judges 21:5 And the children of Israel said, Who is there among all the tribes of Israel that came not up with the congregation to the LORD?...

Judges 11:30,31 And Jephthah vowed a vow to the LORD, and said, If you shall without fail deliver the children of Ammon into my hands...

1 Samuel 14:24,28,29 And the men of Israel were distressed that day: for Saul had adjured the people, saying...

Ecclesiastes 5:2 Be not rash with your mouth, and let not your heart be hasty to utter any thing before God: for God is in heaven, and you on earth...

Mark 6:23 And he swore to her, Whatever you shall ask of me, I will give it you, to the half of my kingdom.

Acts 23:12 And when it was day, certain of the Jews banded together, and bound themselves under a curse...

Romans 10:2 For I bear them record that they have a zeal of God, but not according to knowledge.

his daughter

Exodus 34:12-16 Take heed to yourself, lest you make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land where you go...

Deuteronomy 7:2,3 And when the LORD your God shall deliver them before you; you shall smite them, and utterly destroy them...

Cross References
Judges 20:48
And the men of Israel turned back against the people of Benjamin and struck them with the edge of the sword, the city, men and beasts and all that they found. And all the towns that they found they set on fire.

Judges 21:7
What shall we do for wives for those who are left, since we have sworn by the LORD that we will not give them any of our daughters for wives?"

Judges 21:18
Yet we cannot give them wives from our daughters." For the people of Israel had sworn, "Cursed be he who gives a wife to Benjamin."

Judges 21:22
And when their fathers or their brothers come to complain to us, we will say to them, 'Grant them graciously to us, because we did not take for each man of them his wife in battle, neither did you give them to them, else you would now be guilty.'"

Jeremiah 40:6
Then Jeremiah went to Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, at Mizpah, and lived with him among the people who were left in the land.

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