Judges 7:21
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Every man stood in his place around the camp, and all the army ran. They cried out and fled.

King James Bible
And they stood every man in his place round about the camp: and all the host ran, and cried, and fled.

American Standard Version
And they stood every man in his place round about the camp; and all the host ran; and they shouted, and put them to flight.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Standing every man in his place round about the enemies' camp. So all the camp was troubled, and crying out and howling they fled away.

English Revised Version
And they stood every man in his place round about the camp: and all the host ran; and they shouted, and put them to flight.

Webster's Bible Translation
And they stood every man in his place around the camp; and all the host ran, and cried, and fled.

Judges 7:21 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

When therefore he had heard the dream related and interpreted, he worshipped, praising the Lord with joy, and returned to the camp to attack the enemy without delay. He then divided the 300 men into three companies, i.e., three attacking columns, and gave them all trumpets and empty pitchers, with torches in the pitchers in their hands. The pitchers were taken that they might hide the burning torches in them during their advance to surround the enemy's camp, and then increase the noise at the time of the attack, by dashing the pitchers to pieces (Judges 7:20), and thus through the noise, as well as the sudden lighting up of the burning torches, deceive the enemy as to the strength of the army. At the same time he commanded them, "See from me, and do likewise," - a short expression for, As ye see me do, so do ye also (כּן, without the previous כּ, or כּאשׁר as in Judges 5:15; see Ewald, 260, a.), - "I blow the trumpet, I and all who are with me; ye also blow the trumpets round about the entire camp," which the 300 men divided into three companies were to surround, "and say, To the Lord and Gideon." According to Judges 7:20, this war-cry ran fully thus: "Sword to (for) the Lord and Gideon." This addition in Judges 7:20, however, does not warrant us in inserting "chereb" (sword) in the text here, as some of the early translators and MSS have done.

(Note: Similar stratagems to the one adopted by Gideon here are recorded by Polyaenus (Strateg. ii. c. 37) of Dicetas, at the taking of Heraea, and by Plutarch (Fabius Max. c. 6) of Hannibal, when he was surrounded and completely shut in by Fabius Maximus. An example from modern history is given by Niebuhr (Beschr. von Arabien, p. 304). About the middle of the eighteenth century two Arabian chiefs were fighting for the Imamate of Oman. One of them, Bel-Arab, besieged the other, Achmed ben Said, with four or five thousand men, in a small castle on the mountain. But the latter slipped out of the castle, collected together several hundred men, gave every soldier a sign upon his head, that they might be able to distinguish friends from foes, and sent small companies to all the passes. Every one had a trumpet to blow at a given signal, and thus create a noise at the same time on every side. The whole of the opposing army was thrown in this way into disorder, since they found all the passes occupied, and imagined the hostile army to be as great as the noise.)

Judges 7:21 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

stood

Exodus 14:13,14 And Moses said to the people, Fear you not, stand still, and see the salvation of the LORD, which he will show to you to day...

2 Chronicles 20:17 You shall not need to fight in this battle: set yourselves, stand you still, and see the salvation of the LORD with you...

Isaiah 30:7,15 For the Egyptians shall help in vain, and to no purpose: therefore have I cried concerning this, Their strength is to sit still...

all the host

Exodus 14:25 And took off their chariot wheels, that they drove them heavily: so that the Egyptians said, Let us flee from the face of Israel...

2 Kings 7:6,7 For the LORD had made the host of the Syrians to hear a noise of chariots, and a noise of horses, even the noise of a great host...

Job 15:21,22 A dreadful sound is in his ears: in prosperity the destroyer shall come on him...

Proverbs 28:1 The wicked flee when no man pursues: but the righteous are bold as a lion.

Cross References
Hebrews 11:34
quenched the power of fire, escaped the edge of the sword, were made strong out of weakness, became mighty in war, put foreign armies to flight.

Judges 7:20
Then the three companies blew the trumpets and broke the jars. They held in their left hands the torches, and in their right hands the trumpets to blow. And they cried out, "A sword for the LORD and for Gideon!"

2 Kings 7:7
So they fled away in the twilight and abandoned their tents, their horses, and their donkeys, leaving the camp as it was, and fled for their lives.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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