Judges 8:16
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And he took the elders of the city, and he took thorns of the wilderness and briers and with them taught the men of Succoth a lesson.

King James Bible
And he took the elders of the city, and thorns of the wilderness and briers, and with them he taught the men of Succoth.

American Standard Version
And he took the elders of the city, and thorns of the wilderness and briers, and with them he taught the men of Succoth.

Douay-Rheims Bible
So he took the ancients of the city and thorns and briers of the desert, and tore them with the same, and cut in pieces the men of Soccoth.

English Revised Version
And he took the elders of the city, and thorns of the wilderness and briers, and with them he taught the men of Succoth.

Webster's Bible Translation
And he took the elders of the city, and thorns of the wilderness, and briers, and with them he taught the men of Succoth.

Judges 8:16 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The Midianitish kings were at Karkor with all the remnant of their army, about fifteen thousand men, a hundred and twenty thousand having already fallen. Gideon followed them thither by the road of the dwellers in tents on the east of Nobah and Jogbeha; and falling upon them unawares, smote the whole camp, which thought itself quite secure, and took the two kings prisoners, after discomfiting all the camp. The situation of Karkor, which is only mentioned here, cannot be determined with certainty. The statement of Eusebius and Jerome (Onom. s. v. Καρκὰ, Carcar), that it was the castle of Carcaria, a day's journey from Petra, is decidedly wrong, since this castle is much too far to the south, as Gesenius (Thes. p. 1210) has shown. Karkor cannot have been very far from Nobah and Jogbeha. These two places are probably preserved in the ruins of Nowakis and Jebeiha, on the north-west of Ammn (Rabbath-ammon; see at Numbers 21:31). Now, as Burckhardt (Syr. p. 612) also mentions a ruin in the neighbourhood, called Karkagheisch, on the left of the road from Szalt to Ammn, and at the most an hour and a half to the north-west of Ammn, Knobel (on Numbers 32:42) is inclined to regard this ruin as Karkor. If this supposition could be proved to be correct, Gideon would have fallen upon the camp of the enemy from the north-east. For "the way of the dwellers in tents on the east of Nobah and Jogbeha" cannot well be any other than the way which ran to the east of Nobah and Jogbeha, past the most easterly frontier city of the Gadites, to the nomads who dwelt in the desert. באללים השּׁכוּני has the article attached to the governing noun, which may easily be explained in this instance from the intervening preposition. The passive participle שׁכוּן has an intransitive force (see Ewald, 149, a.). The verb החריד in the circumstantial clause acquires the force of the pluperfect from the context. When he had startled the camp out of its security, having alarmed it by his unexpected attack, he succeeded in taking the two kings prisoners.

Judges 8:16 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the elders

Judges 8:7 And Gideon said, Therefore when the LORD has delivered Zebah and Zalmunna into my hand...

Proverbs 10:13 In the lips of him that has understanding wisdom is found: but a rod is for the back of him that is void of understanding.

Proverbs 19:29 Judgments are prepared for scorners, and stripes for the back of fools.

Ezra 2:6 The children of Pahathmoab, of the children of Jeshua and Joab, two thousand eight hundred and twelve.

thorns

Micah 7:4 The best of them is as a brier: the most upright is sharper than a thorn hedge: the day of your watchmen and your visitation comes...

taught. Heb. made to know. Instead of wyyoda, Houbigant, Le Clerc, and others read wyyadosh, and he tore or threshed; and this is not only agreeable to what Gideon threatened, but is supported by the LXX. Vulgate, Chaldee, Syriac, and Arabic. The Hebrew text might easily have been corrupted simply by the change of shin, into ayin, letters very similar to each other.

Cross References
Judges 8:15
And he came to the men of Succoth and said, "Behold Zebah and Zalmunna, about whom you taunted me, saying, 'Are the hands of Zebah and Zalmunna already in your hand, that we should give bread to your men who are exhausted?'"

Judges 8:17
And he broke down the tower of Penuel and killed the men of the city.

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