Lamentations 3:10
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
He is a bear lying in wait for me, a lion in hiding;

King James Bible
He was unto me as a bear lying in wait, and as a lion in secret places.

American Standard Version
He is unto me as a bear lying in wait, as a lion in secret places.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Daleth. He is become to me as a bear lying in wait: as a lion in secret places.

English Revised Version
He is unto me as a bear lying in wait, as a lion in secret places.

Webster's Bible Translation
He was to me as a bear lying in wait, and as a lion in secret places.

Lamentations 3:10 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

"Only upon (against) me does He repeatedly turn His hand." ישׁוּב is subordinated to the idea of יהפך in an adverbial sense; cf. Gesenius, 142, 3, b. "His hand" is the smiting hand of God. אך, "only upon me," expresses the feeling which makes him on whom grievous sufferings have fallen to regard himself as one smitten in a special manner by God. "The whole day," i.e., continually; cf. Lamentations 1:13. - From Lamentations 3:4 onwards this divine chastisement is more minutely set forth under various figures, and first of all as a wasting away of the vital force. בּלּה means to wear out by rubbing, cause to fall away, from בּלה, to be worn out, which is applied to clothes, and then transferred to bodies, Job 13:28; Psalm 49:15. "Flesh and skin" are the exterior and soft constituents of the body, while the bones are the firmer parts. Skin, flesh, and bones together, make up the substance of the human body. Proverbs 5:11 forms the foundation of the first clause. "He hath broken my bones" is a reminiscence from the lamentation of Hezekiah in Isaiah 38:13; cf. Psalm 51:10; Job 30:17. The meaning is thus excellently given by Pareau: indicantur animi, fortius irae divinae malorumque sensu conquassati, angores. - The figure in Lamentations 3:5, "He builds round about and encircles me," is derived from the enclosing of a city by besieging it. עלי is to be repeated after wayaqeep. The besieging forces, which encompass him so that he cannot go out and in, are ראשׁ וּתלאה. That the former of these two words cannot mean κεφαλήν μου (lxx), is abundantly evident. ראשׁ or רושׁ is a plant with a very bitter taste, hence a poisonous plant; see on Jeremiah 8:14. As in that passage מי ראשׁ, so here the simple ראשׁ is an emblem of bitter suffering. The combination with תּלאה, "toil," is remarkable, as a case in which a figurative is joined with a literal expression; this, however, does not justify the change of תּלאה into לענה (Castell, Schleussner, etc.). The combination is to be explained on the ground that ראשׁ had become so common a symbol of bitter suffering, that the figure was quite lost sight of behind the thing signified.

Lamentations 3:10 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Job 10:16 For it increases. You hunt me as a fierce lion: and again you show yourself marvelous on me.

Isaiah 38:13 I reckoned till morning, that, as a lion, so will he break all my bones: from day even to night will you make an end of me.

Hosea 5:14 For I will be to Ephraim as a lion, and as a young lion to the house of Judah: I, even I, will tear and go away; I will take away...

Hosea 6:1 Come, and let us return to the LORD: for he has torn, and he will heal us; he has smitten, and he will bind us up.

Hosea 13:7,8 Therefore I will be to them as a lion: as a leopard by the way will I observe them...

Amos 5:18-20 Woe to you that desire the day of the LORD! to what end is it for you? the day of the LORD is darkness, and not light...

in secret

Psalm 10:9 He lies in wait secretly as a lion in his den: he lies in wait to catch the poor: he does catch the poor...

Psalm 17:12 Like as a lion that is greedy of his prey, and as it were a young lion lurking in secret places.

Cross References
Job 10:16
And were my head lifted up, you would hunt me like a lion and again work wonders against me.

Lamentations 3:9
he has blocked my ways with blocks of stones; he has made my paths crooked.

Lamentations 3:11
he turned aside my steps and tore me to pieces; he has made me desolate;

Hosea 13:7
So I am to them like a lion; like a leopard I will lurk beside the way.

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