Lamentations 3:39
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Why should a living man complain, a man, about the punishment of his sins?

King James Bible
Wherefore doth a living man complain, a man for the punishment of his sins?

American Standard Version
Wherefore doth a living man complain, a man for the punishment of his sins?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Mem. Why hath a living man murmured, man suffering for his sins?

English Revised Version
Wherefore doth a living man complain, a man for the punishment of his sins?

Webster's Bible Translation
Why doth a living man complain, a man for the punishment of his sins?

Lamentations 3:39 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Let him also learn patiently to bear abuse and reviling from men. Let him present his cheek to him who smites him, as was done by Job (Job 16:10) and the servant of Jahveh (Isaiah 50:6); cf. Matthew 5:39. On Lamentations 3:30, cf. Psalm 88:4; Psalm 123:3, etc. There is a certain gradation in the three verses that it quite unmistakeable. The sitting alone and in silence is comparatively the easiest; it is harder to place the mouth in the dust, and yet cling to hope; it is most difficult of all to give the cheek to the smiter, and to satiate oneself with dishonour (Ngelsbach). In Lamentations 3:31-33 follow the grounds of comfort. The first is in Lamentations 3:31 : the sorrow will come to an end; the Lord does not cast off for ever; cf. Jeremiah 3:5, Jeremiah 3:12. The second is in Lamentations 3:32 : when He has caused sorrow, He shows pity once more, according to the fulness of His grace. Compassion outweighs sorrow. On this subject, cf. Psalm 30:6; Job 5:18; Isaiah 54:8. The third ground of comfort is in Lamentations 3:33 : God does not send affliction willingly, as if it brought Him joy (cf. Jeremiah 32:41), but merely because chastisement is necessary to sinful man for the increase of his spiritual prosperity; cf. Acts 14:22; 2 Corinthians 4:17. ויּגּה is for וייגּה: cf. Ewald, 232, f; Gesenius, 69, 3, Rem. 6.

That he may bring home to the hearts of God's people the exhortation to bear suffering with patience and resignation, and that he may lead them to see that the weight of sorrow under which they are sighing has been sent from the Lord as a chastisement for their sins, the prophet carries out the thought, in Lamentations 3:34-39, that every wrong committed upon earth is under the divine control (Lamentations 3:34-36), and generally that nothing happens without God's permission; hence man ought not to mourn over the suffering that befalls him, but rather over his sins (Lamentations 3:37-39).

Lamentations 3:39 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Lamentations 3:22 It is of the LORD's mercies that we are not consumed, because his compassions fail not.

Numbers 11:11 And Moses said to the LORD, Why have you afflicted your servant? and why have I not found favor in your sight...

Proverbs 19:3 The foolishness of man perverts his way: and his heart frets against the LORD.

Isaiah 38:17-19 Behold, for peace I had great bitterness: but you have in love to my soul delivered it from the pit of corruption...

complain, or murmur. a man

Genesis 4:5-7,13,14 But to Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell...

Leviticus 26:41,43 And that I also have walked contrary to them, and have brought them into the land of their enemies...

Numbers 16:41 But on the morrow all the congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and against Aaron, saying...

Numbers 17:12 And the children of Israel spoke to Moses, saying, Behold, we die, we perish, we all perish.

Joshua 7:6-13 And Joshua rent his clothes, and fell to the earth on his face before the ark of the LORD until the eventide...

2 Samuel 6:7,8 And the anger of the LORD was kindled against Uzzah; and God smote him there for his error; and there he died by the ark of God...

2 Kings 3:13 And Elisha said to the king of Israel, What have I to do with you? get you to the prophets of your father...

2 Kings 6:32 But Elisha sat in his house, and the elders sat with him; and the king sent a man from before him: but ere the messenger came to him...

Ezra 9:13 And after all that is come on us for our evil deeds, and for our great trespass...

Job 11:6 And that he would show you the secrets of wisdom...

Isaiah 51:20 Your sons have fainted, they lie at the head of all the streets, as a wild bull in a net: they are full of the fury of the LORD...

Jonah 2:3,4 For you had cast me into the deep, in the middle of the seas; and the floods compassed me about...

Jonah 4:8,9 And it came to pass, when the sun did arise, that God prepared a vehement east wind; and the sun beat on the head of Jonah...

Micah 7:9 I will bear the indignation of the LORD, because I have sinned against him, until he plead my cause, and execute judgment for me...

Hebrews 12:5-12 And you have forgotten the exhortation which speaks to you as to children, My son, despise not you the chastening of the Lord...

Revelation 16:9 And men were scorched with great heat, and blasphemed the name of God, which has power over these plagues...

Cross References
Hebrews 12:5
And have you forgotten the exhortation that addresses you as sons? "My son, do not regard lightly the discipline of the Lord, nor be weary when reproved by him.

Hebrews 12:6
For the Lord disciplines the one he loves, and chastises every son whom he receives."

Psalm 107:17
Some were fools through their sinful ways, and because of their iniquities suffered affliction;

Jeremiah 30:15
Why do you cry out over your hurt? Your pain is incurable. Because your guilt is great, because your sins are flagrant, I have done these things to you.

Micah 7:9
I will bear the indignation of the LORD because I have sinned against him, until he pleads my cause and executes judgment for me. He will bring me out to the light; I shall look upon his vindication.

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