Lamentations 3:45
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
You have made us scum and garbage among the peoples.

King James Bible
Thou hast made us as the offscouring and refuse in the midst of the people.

American Standard Version
Thou hast made us an off-scouring and refuse in the midst of the peoples.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Samech. Thou hast made me as an outcast, and refuse in the midst of the people.

English Revised Version
Thou hast made us as the offscouring and refuse in the midst of the peoples.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou hast made us as the offscouring and refuse in the midst of the people.

Lamentations 3:45 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Lamentations 3:37 brings the answer to this question in a lively manner, and likewise in an interrogative form: "Who hath spoken, and it came to pass, which the Lord hath not commanded?" The thought here presented reminds us of the word of the Creator in Genesis 1:3. The form of the expression is an imitation of Psalm 33:9. Rosenmller gives the incorrect rendering, Quis est qui dixit: factum est (i.e., quis audeat dicere fieri quicquam), non praecipiente Deo; although the similar but more free translation of Luther, "Who dares to say that such a thing happens without the command of the Lord?" gives the sense in a general way. The meaning is as follows: Nothing takes place on the earth which the Lord has not appointed; no man can give and execute a command against the will of God. From this it further follows (Lamentations 3:38), that evil and good will proceed from the mouth of the Lord, i.e., be wrought by Him; on this point, cf. Isaiah 45:7; Amos 3:6. לא תצא gives no adequate meaning unless it be taken interrogatively, and as indicating what is usual - wont to be. And then there is established from this, in Lamentations 3:39, the application of the general principle to the particular case in question, viz., the grievous suffering of individuals at the downfall of the kingdom of Judah. "Why does a man sigh as long as he lives? Let every one [sigh] for his sins." Man is not to sigh over suffering and sorrow, but only over his sin. התאונן occurs only here and in Numbers 11:1, and signifies to sigh, with the accessory notion of murmuring, complaining. חי appended to אדם is more of a predicate than a simple attributive: man, as long as he lives, i.e., while he is in this life. The verse is viewed in a different light by Pareau, Ewald, Neumann, and Gerlach, who combine both members into one sentence, and render it thus: "Why doth a man complain, so long as he lives, - a man over the punishment of his sins?" [Similar is the rendering of our "Authorized" Version.] Neumann translates: "A man in the face of [Ger. bei] his sins." But this latter rendering is lexically inadmissible, because על esua in this connection cannot mean "in view of." The other meaning assigned is improbable, though there is nothing against it, lexically considered. For though חטא, sin, may also signify the punishment of sin, the latter meaning does not suit the present context, because in what precedes it is not said that the people suffer for their sins, but merely that their suffering has been appointed by God. If, then, in what follows, there is an exhortation to return to the Lord (Lamentations 3:40.), and in Lamentations 3:42 a confession of sins made; if, moreover, Lamentations 3:39 forms the transition from Lamentations 3:33-38 to the exhortation that succeeds (Lamentations 3:40.); then it is not abstinence from murmuring or sighing over the punishment of sins that forms the true connecting link of the two lines of thought, but merely the refraining from complaint over sufferings, coupled with the exhortation to sigh over their won sins. Tarnov also has viewed the verse in this way, when he deduces from it the advice to every soul labouring under a weight of sorrows: est igitur optimus ex malis emergendi modus Deum excusare et se ipsum accusare.

Lamentations 3:45 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

as

Lamentations 3:14 I was a derision to all my people; and their song all the day.

Lamentations 2:15 All that pass by clap their hands at you; they hiss and wag their head at the daughter of Jerusalem, saying...

Lamentations 4:14,15 They have wandered as blind men in the streets, they have polluted themselves with blood, so that men could not touch their garments...

Deuteronomy 28:13,37,44 And the LORD shall make you the head, and not the tail; and you shall be above only, and you shall not be beneath...

1 Corinthians 4:13 Being defamed, we entreat: we are made as the filth of the world, and are the offscouring of all things to this day.

Cross References
1 Corinthians 4:13
when slandered, we entreat. We have become, and are still, like the scum of the world, the refuse of all things.

Lamentations 3:46
"All our enemies open their mouths against us;

Jump to Previous
Mere Midst Nations Offscouring Peoples Refuse Scum Use Waste
Jump to Next
Mere Midst Nations Offscouring Peoples Refuse Scum Use Waste
Links
Lamentations 3:45 NIV
Lamentations 3:45 NLT
Lamentations 3:45 ESV
Lamentations 3:45 NASB
Lamentations 3:45 KJV

Lamentations 3:45 Bible Apps
Lamentations 3:45 Biblia Paralela
Lamentations 3:45 Chinese Bible
Lamentations 3:45 French Bible
Lamentations 3:45 German Bible

Bible Hub

ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
Lamentations 3:44
Top of Page
Top of Page