Leviticus 7:21
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And if anyone touches an unclean thing, whether human uncleanness or an unclean beast or any unclean detestable creature, and then eats some flesh from the sacrifice of the LORD’s peace offerings, that person shall be cut off from his people.”

King James Bible
Moreover the soul that shall touch any unclean thing, as the uncleanness of man, or any unclean beast, or any abominable unclean thing, and eat of the flesh of the sacrifice of peace offerings, which pertain unto the LORD, even that soul shall be cut off from his people.

American Standard Version
And when any one shall touch any unclean thing, the uncleanness of man, or an unclean beast, or any unclean abomination, and eat of the flesh of the sacrifice of peace-offerings, which pertain unto Jehovah, that soul shall be cut off from his people.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he that hath touched the uncleanness of man, or of beast, or of any thing that can defile, and shall eat of such kind of flesh, shall be cut off from his people.

English Revised Version
And when any one shall touch any unclean thing, the uncleanness of man, or an unclean beast, or any unclean abomination, and eat of the flesh of the sacrifice of peace offerings, which pertain unto the LORD, that soul shall be cut off from his people.

Webster's Bible Translation
Moreover, the soul that shall touch any unclean thing, as the uncleanness of man, or any unclean beast, or any abominable unclean thing, and eat of the flesh of the sacrifice of peace-offerings which pertain to the LORD, even that soul shall be cut off from his people.

Leviticus 7:21 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The flesh of the praise-offering was to be eaten on the day of presentation, and none of it was to be left till the next morning (cf. Leviticus 22:29-30); but that of the vow and freewill-offerings might be eaten on both the first and second days. Whatever remained after that was to be burnt on the third day, i.e., to be destroyed by burning. If any was eaten on the third day, it was not well-pleasing (ירצה "good pleasure," see Leviticus 1:4), and was "not reckoned to the offerer," sc., as a sacrifice well-pleasing to God; it was "an abomination." פּגּוּל, an abomination, is only applied to the flesh of the sacrifices (Leviticus 19:7; Ezekiel 4:14; Isaiah 65:4), and signifies properly a stench; - compare the talmudic word פּגּל faetidum reddere. Whoever ate thereof would bear his sin (see Leviticus 5:1). "The soul that eateth" is not to be restricted, as Knobel supposes, to the other participators in the sacrificial meal, but applies to the offerer also, in fact to every one who partook of such flesh. The burning on the third day was commanded, not to compel the offerer to invite the poor to share in the meal (Theodoret, Clericus, etc.), but to guard against the danger of a desecration of the meal. The sacrificial flesh was holy (Exodus 29:34); and in Leviticus 19:8, where this command is repeated,

(Note: There is no foundation for Knobel's assertion, that in Leviticus 19:5. another early lawgiver introduces a milder regulation with regard to the thank-offering, and allows all the thank-offerings to be eaten on the second day. For Leviticus 19:5. does not profess to lay down a universal rule with regard to all the thank-offerings, but presupposes our law, and simply enforces its regulations with regard to the vow and freewill-offerings, and threatens transgressors with severe punishment.)

eating it on the third day is called a profanation of that which was holy to Jehovah, and ordered to be punished with extermination. It became a desecration of what was holy, through the fact that in warm countries, if flesh is not most carefully preserved by artificial means, it begins to putrefy, or becomes offensive (פּגּוּל) on the third day. But to eat flesh that was putrid or stinking, would be like eating unclean carrion, or the נבלה with which putrid flesh is associated in Ezekiel 4:14. It was for this reason that burning was commanded, as Philo (de vict. p. 842) and Maimonides (More Neboch iii. 46) admit; though the former also associates with this the purpose mentioned above, which we decidedly reject (cf. Outram l.c. p. 185 seq., and Bhr, ii. pp. 375-6).

Leviticus 7:21 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the uncleanness

Leviticus 5:2,3 Or if a soul touch any unclean thing, whether it be a carcass of an unclean beast, or a carcass of unclean cattle...

Leviticus 5:12,1-13:59 Then shall he bring it to the priest, and the priest shall take his handful of it, even a memorial thereof, and burn it on the altar...

Leviticus 15:1-33 And the LORD spoke to Moses and to Aaron, saying...

Leviticus 22:4 What man soever of the seed of Aaron is a leper, or has a running issue; he shall not eat of the holy things, until he be clean...

Numbers 19:11-16 He that touches the dead body of any man shall be unclean seven days...

any unclean

Leviticus 11:24-42 And for these you shall be unclean: whoever touches the carcass of them shall be unclean until the even...

Deuteronomy 14:7,8,10,12-20 Nevertheless these you shall not eat of them that chew the cud, or of them that divide the cloven hoof; as the camel, and the hare...

abominable

Leviticus 11:10-13,20,41,42 And all that have not fins and scales in the seas, and in the rivers, of all that move in the waters...

Deuteronomy 14:3 You shall not eat any abominable thing.

Ezekiel 4:14 Then said I, Ah Lord GOD! behold, my soul has not been polluted...

cut off

Leviticus 7:20,25,27 But the soul that eats of the flesh of the sacrifice of peace offerings, that pertain to the LORD, having his uncleanness on him...

Leviticus 17:10,14 And whatever man there be of the house of Israel, or of the strangers that sojourn among you, that eats any manner of blood...

Leviticus 18:29 For whoever shall commit any of these abominations, even the souls that commit them shall be cut off from among their people.

Genesis 17:14 And the uncircumcised man child whose flesh of his foreskin is not circumcised, that soul shall be cut off from his people...

Exodus 12:15,19 Seven days shall you eat unleavened bread; even the first day you shall put away leaven out of your houses...

Exodus 30:33-38 Whoever compounds any like it, or whoever puts any of it on a stranger, shall even be cut off from his people...

Cross References
Leviticus 5:2
or if anyone touches an unclean thing, whether a carcass of an unclean wild animal or a carcass of unclean livestock or a carcass of unclean swarming things, and it is hidden from him and he has become unclean, and he realizes his guilt;

Leviticus 5:3
or if he touches human uncleanness, of whatever sort the uncleanness may be with which one becomes unclean, and it is hidden from him, when he comes to know it, and realizes his guilt;

Leviticus 7:22
The LORD spoke to Moses, saying,

Leviticus 22:3
Say to them, 'If any one of all your offspring throughout your generations approaches the holy things that the people of Israel dedicate to the LORD, while he has an uncleanness, that person shall be cut off from my presence: I am the LORD.

Numbers 19:13
Whoever touches a dead person, the body of anyone who has died, and does not cleanse himself, defiles the tabernacle of the LORD, and that person shall be cut off from Israel; because the water for impurity was not thrown on him, he shall be unclean. His uncleanness is still on him.

Numbers 19:22
And whatever the unclean person touches shall be unclean, and anyone who touches it shall be unclean until evening."

1 Samuel 20:26
Yet Saul did not say anything that day, for he thought, "Something has happened to him. He is not clean; surely he is not clean."

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