Leviticus 7:31
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The priest shall burn the fat on the altar, but the breast shall be for Aaron and his sons.

King James Bible
And the priest shall burn the fat upon the altar: but the breast shall be Aaron's and his sons'.

American Standard Version
And the priest shall burn the fat upon the altar; but the breast shall be Aaron's and his sons .

Douay-Rheims Bible
Who shall burn the fat upon the altar, but the breast shall be Aaron's and his sons'.

English Revised Version
And the priest shall burn the fat upon the altar: but the breast shall be Aaron's and his sons'.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the priest shall burn the fat upon the altar: but the breast shall be Aaron's and his sons'.

Leviticus 7:31 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The fat of cattle that had fallen (נבלה), or been torn to pieces (viz., by beasts of prey), was not to be eaten, because it was unclean and defiled the eater (Leviticus 17:15; Leviticus 22:8); but it might be applied "to all kinds of uses," i.e., to the common purposes of ordinary life. Knobel observes on this, that "in the case of oxen, sheep, and goats slain in the regular way, this was evidently not allowable. But the law does not say what was to be done with the fat of these animals." Certainly it does not disertis verbis; but indirectly it does so clearly enough. According to Leviticus 17:3., during the journey through the desert any one who wanted to slaughter an ox, sheep, or goat was to bring the animal to the tabernacle as a sacrificial gift, that the blood might be sprinkled against the altar, and the fat burned upon it. By this regulation every ordinary slaughtering was raised into a sacrifice, and the law determined what was to be done with the fat. Now if afterwards, when the people dwelt in Canaan, cattle were allowed to be slaughtered in any place, and the only prohibition repeated was that against eating blood (Deuteronomy 12:15-16, Deuteronomy 12:21.), whilst the law against eating fat was not renewed; it follows as a matter of course, that when the custom of slaughtering at the tabernacle was restricted to actual sacrifices, the prohibition against eating the fat portions came to an end, so far as those animals were concerned with were slain for consumption and not as sacrifices. The reason for prohibiting fat from being eaten was simply this, that so long as every slaughtering was a sacrifice, the fat portions, which were to be handed over to Jehovah and burned upon the altar, were not to be devoted to earthly purposes, because they were gifts sanctified to God. The eating of the fat, therefore, was neither prohibited on sanitary or social grounds, viz., because fat was injurious to health, as Maimonides and other Rabbins maintain, nor for the purpose of promoting the cultivation of olives, as Michaelis supposes, nor to prevent its being put into the unclean mouth of man, as Knobel imagines; but as being an illegal appropriation of what was sanctified to God, a wicked invasion of the rights of Jehovah, which was to be punished with extermination according to the analogy of Numbers 15:30-31. The prohibition of blood in Leviticus 7:26, Leviticus 7:27, extends to birds and cattle; fishes not being mentioned, because the little blood which they possess is not generally eaten. This prohibition Israel was to observe in all its dwelling-places (Exodus 12:20, cf. Leviticus 17:10), not only so long as all the slaughterings had the character of sacrifices, but for all ages, because the blood was regarded as the soul of the animal, which God had sanctified as the medium of atonement for the soul of man (Leviticus 17:11), whereby the blood acquired a much higher degree of holiness than the fat.

Leviticus 7:31 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the priest

Leviticus 3:5,11,16 And Aaron's sons shall burn it on the altar on the burnt sacrifice, which is on the wood that is on the fire...

the breast

Leviticus 7:34 For the wave breast and the heave shoulder have I taken of the children of Israel from off the sacrifices of their peace offerings...

Leviticus 5:13 And the priest shall make an atonement for him as touching his sin that he has sinned in one of these, and it shall be forgiven him...

Leviticus 6:16,26 And the remainder thereof shall Aaron and his sons eat: with unleavened bread shall it be eaten in the holy place...

Leviticus 8:29 And Moses took the breast, and waved it for a wave offering before the LORD: for of the ram of consecration it was Moses' part...

Numbers 18:18 And the flesh of them shall be yours, as the wave breast and as the right shoulder are yours.

Cross References
1 Corinthians 9:13
Do you not know that those who are employed in the temple service get their food from the temple, and those who serve at the altar share in the sacrificial offerings?

Exodus 29:26
"You shall take the breast of the ram of Aaron's ordination and wave it for a wave offering before the LORD, and it shall be your portion.

Leviticus 8:29
And Moses took the breast and waved it for a wave offering before the LORD. It was Moses' portion of the ram of ordination, as the LORD commanded Moses.

Numbers 18:11
This also is yours: the contribution of their gift, all the wave offerings of the people of Israel. I have given them to you, and to your sons and daughters with you, as a perpetual due. Everyone who is clean in your house may eat it.

Numbers 18:18
But their flesh shall be yours, as the breast that is waved and as the right thigh are yours.

Deuteronomy 18:3
And this shall be the priests' due from the people, from those offering a sacrifice, whether an ox or a sheep: they shall give to the priest the shoulder and the two cheeks and the stomach.

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