Luke 16:19
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“There was a rich man who was clothed in purple and fine linen and who feasted sumptuously every day.

King James Bible
There was a certain rich man, which was clothed in purple and fine linen, and fared sumptuously every day:

American Standard Version
Now there was a certain rich man, and he was clothed in purple and fine linen, faring sumptuously every day:

Douay-Rheims Bible
There was a certain rich man, who was clothed in purple and fine linen; and feasted sumptuously every day.

English Revised Version
Now there was a certain rich man, and he was clothed in purple and fine linen, faring sumptuously every day:

Webster's Bible Translation
There was a certain rich man, who was clothed in purple and fine linen, and fared sumptuously every day:

Weymouth New Testament
"There was once a rich man who habitually arrayed himself in purple and fine linen, and enjoyed a splendid banquet every day,

Luke 16:19 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Was clothed

Imperfect, and frequentative; denoting his habitual attire.

Purple (πορφύραν)

Originally the purple fish from which the color was obtained, and thence applied to the color itself. Several kinds of these were found in the Mediterranean. The color was contained in a vein about the neck. Under the term purple the ancients included three distinct colors: 1. A deep violet, with a black or dusky tinge; the color meant by Homer in describing an ocean wave: "As when the great sea grows purple with dumb swell" ("Iliad," xiv., 16). 2. Deep scarlet or crimson - the Tyrian purple. 3. The deep blue of the Mediterranean. The dye was permanent. Alexander is said by Plutarch to have found in the royal palace at Susa garments which preserved their freshness of color though they had been laid up for nearly two hundred years; and Mr. St. John ("Manners and Customs of Ancient Greece") relates that a small pot of the dye was discovered at Pompeii which had preserved the tone and richness attributed to the Tyrian purple. This fixedness of color is alluded to in Isaiah 1:18 - though your sins were as scarlet, the term being rendered in the Septuagint φοινικοῦν, which, with its kindred words, denoted darker shades of red. A full and interesting description of the purple may be found in J. A. St. John's "Manners and Customs of Ancient Greece," iii., 224: sq.

Fine linen (βύσσον)

Byssus. A yellowish flax, and the linen made from it. Herodotus says it was used for enveloping mummies (ii., 86), a statement confirmed by microscopic examinations. He also speaks of it as a bandage for a wound (vii., 181). It is the word used by the Septuagint for linen (Exodus 25:4; Exodus 28:5; Exodus 35:6, etc.). Some of the Egyptian linen was so fine that it was called woven air. Sir Gardner Wilkinson says that some in his possession was, to the touch, comparable to silk, and not inferior in texture to the finest cambric. It was often as transparent as lawn, a fact illustrated by the painted sculptures, where the entire form is often made distinctly visible through the outer garment. Later Greek writers used the word for cotton and for silk. See Wilkinson's "Ancient Egyptians," first series, iii., 114 sq., and Rawlinson's "History of Ancient Egypt," i., 4:87, 512. A yellow byssus was used by the Greeks, the material for which grew around Elis, and which was enormously costly. See Aeschylus, "Persae," 127.

Fared sumptuously (εὐφραινόμενος λαμπρῶς)

Lit., making merry in splendor. Compare Luke 15:23, Luke 15:24, Luke 15:29, Luke 15:32. Wyc., he ate, each day, shiningly.

Luke 16:19 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

river.

Luke 12:16-21 And he spoke a parable to them, saying, The ground of a certain rich man brought forth plentifully...

Luke 18:24,25 And when Jesus saw that he was very sorrowful, he said, How hardly shall they that have riches enter into the kingdom of God!...

James 5:1-5 Go to now, you rich men, weep and howl for your miseries that shall come on you...

clothed.

Luke 16:1 And he said also to his disciples, There was a certain rich man, which had a steward...

Luke 15:13 And not many days after the younger son gathered all together, and took his journey into a far country...

Job 21:11-15 They send forth their little ones like a flock, and their children dance...

Psalm 73:3-7 For I was envious at the foolish, when I saw the prosperity of the wicked...

Ezekiel 16:49 Behold, this was the iniquity of your sister Sodom, pride, fullness of bread, and abundance of idleness was in her and in her daughters...

Amos 6:4-6 That lie on beds of ivory, and stretch themselves on their couches, and eat the lambs out of the flock...

Revelation 17:4 And the woman was arrayed in purple and scarlet color, and decked with gold and precious stones and pearls...

Revelation 18:7,16 How much she has glorified herself, and lived deliciously, so much torment and sorrow give her: for she said in her heart...

purple.

Judges 8:26 And the weight of the golden earrings that he requested was a thousand and seven hundred shekels of gold; beside ornaments, and collars...

Esther 8:15 And Mordecai went out from the presence of the king in royal apparel of blue and white, and with a great crown of gold...

Ezekiel 16:13 Thus were you decked with gold and silver; and your raiment was of fine linen, and silk, and broidered work; you did eat fine flour...

Ezekiel 27:7 Fine linen with broidered work from Egypt was that which you spread forth to be your sail...

Mark 15:17,20 And they clothed him with purple, and platted a crown of thorns, and put it about his head...

Cross References
Proverbs 31:22
She makes bed coverings for herself; her clothing is fine linen and purple.

Ezekiel 16:49
Behold, this was the guilt of your sister Sodom: she and her daughters had pride, excess of food, and prosperous ease, but did not aid the poor and needy.

Luke 16:18
"Everyone who divorces his wife and marries another commits adultery, and he who marries a woman divorced from her husband commits adultery.

Luke 16:20
And at his gate was laid a poor man named Lazarus, covered with sores,

James 5:5
You have lived on the earth in luxury and in self-indulgence. You have fattened your hearts in a day of slaughter.

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